Civil War Timeline- APUSH

  • Underground Railrroad

    Underground Railrroad
    The Underground Railroad took place in the late 1700's and early 1800's. It was a system for slaves to run away. People that were involved with the Underground Railroad were John Farfield and Harriett Tubman. It took place in Ohio through Cananda. This system was a way for slaves to escape to freedom. This was very important to the slaves. It meant freedom and no more suffering. It was a major turning point in the Civil War and has been remembered for hundreds of years.
  • Period: to

    Civil War

  • Invention of the Cotton Gin

    Invention of the Cotton Gin
    Eli Whitney created the Cotton Gin in October of 1793. He sent a drawing of it to Thomas Jefferson in order to recieve a patent. Jefferson replied on November 16 and the Whitney redesigned it. It is said that it was created in him own home. In February of the next year it was completed. He recieved the patent for the Cotton Gin on March 14, 1794. It was an important turning point in history because it created an easier way of making cloth out of cotton. It made a mark in American History.
  • Missouri Compromise

    Missouri Compromise
    The Missouri Compromise was created on March 3rd, 1820. It took place in Missouri. It dealed with the issue of slavery in the new territories that were created after the Lousiana Purchase. Congress said that the amendment would not be allow slavery in Missouri. It was a 2 part compromise. It said that there was an imaginary line was drawn at 36 degrees 30 minutes north latitude. It stated that land north of the compromise line is free. This was an important event because it gave people freedom
  • Missouri Compromise

    Missouri Compromise
    and made them equal to others throughout the country.
  • Wilmot_Proviso

    It was after the Mexican-American War, when President James Polk requested 2 million dollars from congress. He wanted to buy a peace treaty from Mexico. David Wilmot attached a "rider" to the billon August 8th, 1846. He was a Democrat from Pennsylvania. The Wilmot Proviso forbid the spread of slavery from areas claimed from Mexico. The Wimot Proviso was never accepted by Congress. When Lincoln became president he followed the same principles in the Wilmot Proviso. This was an important
  • Wilmot Proviso (continued)

    Wilmot Proviso (continued)
    turning point in american history because it showed another attempt in trying to change slavery. It showed how Congress didn't want to change what had been for a long time.
  • Compromise of 1850

    Compromise of 1850
    The Compromise of 1850 was written by Henry Clay. The Compromise was another thing similar to the Missouri Compromise. It abolished the slave trade in the District of Columbia and dealed with the Fugitive Slave Act. The Compromise of 1850 also made California a free state. This was an important event because it made California free. Freedom was very important back in the day. It was a turning point because it changed history.
  • Uncle Tom’s Cabin

    Uncle Tom’s Cabin
    In March of 1852, Harriet Beecher Stowe wrote Uncle Toms Cabin. The novel was against slavery. She wrote the novel after having encounters with fugitive slaves from the Underground Railroad. In 1863, slavery was abolished and Stowe was very excited. This event was important because it helped to make people realize how slaves were really treated. Slavery was an issue that needed to be ended. When Lincoln finally put an end to slavery, Stowe died a few years later.
  • Caning of Charles Sumner

    Caning of Charles Sumner
    Charles Sumner was caned in the head by Preston Brooks on May 22nd, 1856. Preston Brooks believed Sumner went a little too far in one of his speeches and caned Sumner in the head. Sumner spent years recovering from the event. The caning of Charles Sumner is important to American history because it made citizens of america realize how badly words can hurt someone. IT was a turning point in history because it showed the importance of politics and speeches.
  • Dred Scott Decision

    Dred Scott Decision
    The Dred Scott Decision took place in Missouri and Wisconsin. Dred Scott was carried by his master to different locations that had different laws and freedoms for "slaves". One was a free slave and one was a slave state. The decision by the Supreme Court was that he had no rights so he could not be named as free. This event was important in the Civil War because it showed how unjust the government is. A man was taken to a free state, so he should be considered free.
  • Lincoln-Douglas Debates

    Lincoln-Douglas Debates
    The debates began on August 27th, 1858 in 7 differnet locations throughout Illinois. These debates were between Stephan Douglas and Abraham Lincoln. Stephan Douglas was a Democrat who helped creat the Compromise of 1850. Stephan Douglas was also a proponent of Popular Sovereignty helped to create the Kansas-Nebraska Act. Lincoln did not agree with Douglas, which is where the debtates rooted from. As a reult of the debate came the Freeport Doctrine.Fifteen tbhousand people attended this debate.
  • Lincoln- Douglas Debates (continued)

    Lincoln- Douglas Debates (continued)
    These debates are a turning poing in history, because they gave people the right to decide upon the issue on slavery. The debates are very imporatant because slavery was a terrible issue that needed to be ended as soon as possible.
  • Raid on Harpers Ferry

    Raid on Harpers Ferry
    The raid on Harpers Ferry occured in Maryland. The Raid happened on October 16th, 1859. John Brown, his sons, and a few other men went out to get base in the Blue Ridge Mountains. They wanted to help runaway slaves and get back at the slaveholders.The Raid resulted in John Brown being killed. This battle was important in American History because it established more help for the slaves.Even though slavery was bad,it was still done.John Brown wanted slavery to end and risked his own life to help.
  • Election of 1860

    Election of 1860
    The election of 1860 was between Lincoln and Douglas. Douglas was a democrat and Lincoln was a republican. Lincoln won the election because of his charming knowledge. Lincoln recieved the majority of the electoral college votes also. This election is important in history because all presdients brought something good to the table. Each President is important in their own little way. It definitely was a turning point in American history, because a new man is now going to lead our country.
  • Fort Sumter (continued)

    Fort Sumter (continued)
    started the bloodiest war in American History.
  • Fort Sumter

    Fort Sumter
    The Battle of Fort Sumter took place in South Carolina between the North and the South. This battle only lasted from April 12th to April 13th. Major Anderson was the commander at Fort Sumter. He gave President Lincoln a message that Fort Sumter had a certain amount of time left. Lincoln responded but he reponse was never recieved. Anderson refused to surrender, so this is what causes the battle. It is important becuase it was the first battle in the Civil War. It was a turning point because it
  • First Battle of Bull Run

    First Battle of Bull Run
    The First Battle of Bull Run occured on July 21, 1861. It was between the Union and Confederate armies. Their battle took place in Manassas Junction, Virginia. This battle was the first major battle of the Civil War. It included about 35,000 Union troops an 20,000 Confederates. This battle was a victory for the South (Confederates). This battle is important to history because it was the first battle of the civil war. This battle is what started all the fighting and anger.
  • Battle of Shiloh

    Battle of Shiloh
    The Battle of Shiloh took place in April 6th, 1862. It took place in Mississippi. The commanders were Johnston,Grant, Buell,and Beauregard. It was between the Unions and Confederates. Many were dead, wounded, and captured. This battle was not a turning point in the civil war. It was important though, because it was one of the bloodiest battles in the Civil War. It showed how devistating the Civil War is.
  • Battle of Antietam

    Battle of Antietam
    The Battle of Antietam occured on September 16th, 1862. The battle took place in Sharpsburg, Maryland. It involved General George McClellan and his army and Robert E. Lee’s Army. The battle lasted for a few days. It consisted of attacks on the union and counterattacks on the confederates. This was Robert E. Lee's first attack on the union. This battle was important in history because it sparked Lee's rage and involvement in the Civil War. It was a very bloody battle.
  • Emancipation Proclamation

    Emancipation Proclamation
    President Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation on January 1st, 1863. It was made right before the start of the third year of the Civil War. It said that all slaves were free. Slavery was very important to abolitionists. The Proclamation only applied to the seceeded states. This was an important document because it made a difference in making the future for slaves brighter. It was a turning point that contributed to human rights. Lincoln wanted to make a better world.
  • Battle of Gettysburg

    Battle of Gettysburg
    This battle took place on July 1st, 1863. It lasted for 3 days, and ended on July 3rd. It happened in Gettysburg. General Robert E. Lee's Army and the Union Army fought each other. Gettysburg ranks one of the top battles of the Civil War. It was an ultimate victory for North. This battle made more men die and fight then any other battle in the war. This battle is an important turning point in american history because it shows how dedicated men can be in order to win.
  • Sherman's March to Sea(continued)

    Sherman's March to Sea(continued)
    the dedication of a man to his people.
  • Gettysburg address

    Gettysburg address
    The Gettysburg Address was given in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. It was given by Abraham Lincoln. It was not even considered important when it was being given to the audience. It is important because it is the most quoted speech in History. The main idea of the Address was to express the equality of all men. Lincoln wanted to get the point across that the country was made with equality in mind. Our founding fathers did not want people treated differently. Peoples rights are very important.
  • Election of 1864

    Election of 1864
    The Election of 1864 was between Lincoln and McClellan. Lincoln was running for reelection. Lincoln was a republican and McClellan was a democrat. Lincoln recieved the majority of the votes. He also recieved the majority of the Electoral College votes. This election took place in Washington, but many meetings were all over the country. It was an important turning point in history because it helped form out future. IT determined how we would end up today.
  • Siege of Richmond- June 1864

    Siege of Richmond- June 1864
    Grants Seige of Richmond took place in Richmond, Virginia. It is known to have happened sometime in June of 1864. Grant came through the Wilderness and attacked the Confederates. Grant lost about 15,000 men in this battle. This battle was important in determining the fate of our country today. This battle shows how ignorance of a man and hatred can lead to the lose of many men. The Union men lost their lives fighting for Grant. They died because Grant wanted to be the best.
  • Sherman’s March to Sea

    Sherman’s March to Sea
    This occured on November 15th, 1864. It started in Atlanta Georgia, and ended in Savannah Georgia. It included Union General William T. Sherman. When he abandoned his supply line and marched across to the Atlantic Ocean, he proved that the Confederate population was not protected. He wanted people to notice that their people werent protexted by their government. He believed that marching represented power. He divided 60,000 troops to help march. This was important in history because it showed
  • 13th Amendment

    13th Amendment
    It was passed by Congress on January 31, 1865. The 13th Amendment to the Constitution says that "Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction." It abolishes slavery in the United States. The 13th amendment was an important turning point in the civil war because it established slaves rights and their ability to be free.
  • Freedmans Bureau

    Freedmans Bureau
    The Freedmans Bureua was created in the south.It was created to help the slaves that were moving from slavery to freedom.It was ran by the War department.When slaves were considered free men, they could go here to help the transition better.The Bureau was very important not only to the creators of it, but the slaves.They felt comfotable in this place.It was a turning point becuase it offered slaves a chance to be normal and act like humans.The Bureau had become a part of the now free slaves.
  • Appomattox Courthouse

    Appomattox Courthouse
    Appomattox courthouse was located in Appomattox County. Grant and Robert E. Lee were involved. On April 9, John Broun Gordon’s corps and Fitzhugh Lee’s men formed line of battle at the courthouse. General Robert E. Lee wanted to make another attempt of escaping the Unions and getting his supplies. Lee’s army was surrounded and forced to surrender to Grant. This battle was the final act of the war in Virginia. It was an important turning point in history because it showed how a courthouse became
  • Appomattox Courthouse (continued)

    Appomattox Courthouse (continued)
    showed how a courthouse became a battle ground in an important war in history.
  • Assasination of Abraham Lincoln

    Assasination of Abraham Lincoln
    Abraham Lincoln was murdered by John Wilkes Booth in a theater on April 14th, 1865. Lincoln was enjoying a quiet night out with his wife, when Booth entered his room at the theater and shot him in the head. It occured in Washington, DC. This event became a turning point in American history because we as americans realized how presicous life is and even a political figure can be killed. The assasination of Abraham Lincoln was important because one of our presidents were killed.
  • 14th Amendment

    14th Amendment
    The 14th amendment of the Constitution, was ratified on July 9, 1868,. It granted citizenship to “all persons born or naturalized in the United States." The amendment also forbid states from denying any person "life, liberty or property. without due process of law." It was written and passed by Congress in Washington. This amendment is an important turning point in the Civil War because it granted citizens their rights and made everyone equal.
  • 15th Amendment

    15th Amendment
    The 15th Amendment dealed with voting. This amendment was the last of the Reconstruction amendments passed by congress. It was passed on December 7th, 1868 in Washington DC. It stated that people could vote no matter what their race was. It made clear that there could be no discrimination in the voting process. This amendment is very important because its another amendment that guarantees people their rights. Every citizen of the United States deserves the same freedoms and rights.