Senator of Mississippi, Jefferson Davis presented why slavery should be allowed in the territories; moreover, he also explained why the nation should be protecting slaveholders. Davis' intentions were to unite the Democratic parties.
Republican Convention is held in Chicago, Illinois.
Lincoln wins on the third ballot. Hannibal Hamlin of Maine, an outspoken, long-time abolitionist is chosen for vice-president.
Southern Democrats hold a convention in Richmond
Here they select John C. Breckinridge as their nominee for President
Gov. William Henry warns Union
Governor William Henry Gist notifies other Deep South states that South Carolina is considering secession as an option
Abe LIncoln elected
Republican Abraham Lincoln wins the Presidential election with 39.7% of the vote, defeating Stephen Douglas, John Breckinridge and John Bell.
James Chesnut becomes the first Southerner to resign from the Senate. He is quickly followed by James H. Hammond
First Wheeling Convention
In Preston County, Western Virginia holds its first organizational meeting, expressing a desire to "adhere to the Union".
Major Robert Anderson reports Fort Sumter is being threatened in Charleston as federal forces begin to improved Fort Moultrie and Fort Sumter in the harbor.
Pres. Buchanan delivers his State of the Union message to Congress
South Carolina Seceeds
Mississippi Seceeds from the Union
Florida Seceeds from the Union
Alabama Seceeds from the Union
Georgia Seceeds from the Union
Kansas addmitted as 34th State
Confederates fire on Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor
Battle at Philippi (now WV)
Battle at Big Bethel (VA)
Battle of Rich Mountain (now WV)
Battle of First Manassas (Bull Run)
Union soldiers take Roanoke Island (NC)
Confederates surrender Fort Donelson on the Cumberland River (TN)
Battle of Pea Ridge (AR)
First battle of Kernstown (VA)
Battle of Shiloh (TN)
New Orleans falls to Union naval forces under Farragut
Second battle of Manassas (Bull Run) (VA)
Battle of Antietam
Battle of Corinth (MS)
Battle of Fredericksburg
Emancipation Proclamation takes effect
Battle of Chancellorsvill
Stonewall Jackson dies
Battle of Champion's Hill (MS)
Battle of Brandy Station (VA)
Second Battle of Winchester
West Virginia admitted to Union as 35th state
West Virginia becomes the 35th state to enter the United States, but the first to enter where the terms slave and free no longer mattered
Battle of Gettysburg
Lincoln delivers Gettysburg address
Battle at Sabine Crossroads (LA)
Battle of Spotsylvania (VA)
Battle of Yellow Tavern (VA)
Union troops occupy Atlanta
Battle of Fisher's Hill (VA)
Battle of Cedar Creek (VA)
Lincoln elected for second term
Sherman begins "March to the Sea"
Battle of Nashville
Savannah occupied by Union troops
Fort Fisher falls to Union forces
Columbia (SC) occupied by Union troops,
Charleston (SC) occupied by Union troops
Wilmington (NC) falls to Union troops
Richmond falls, Confederate government evacuates
Lee surrenders at Appomattox CH
Lincoln shot at Ford's Theatre
Lincoln assassin Booth trapped and killed
Texas repeals the actions of the Secessionist Convention
Peace with the states
The United States declares that a state of peace exists with Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Mississippi, Louisiana, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee and Virginia
Cholera epidemic begins in New York when an infected passenger arrives in New York.
Thirty-ninth Congress approves the 14th Amendment to the Constitution
New Hampshire ratifies the 14th Amendment
Congress establishes "general of the armies"
Ulysses S. Grant is immediately promoted to 4-star general and put in this position. William Tecumseh Sherman assumes the rank of Lt. General.
The U. S. Secret Service begins an investigation into the Ku Klux Klan
New Jersey ratifies the 14th Amendment
A fire in the Philadelphia ship-yard accidently destroys a number of ships used during the Civil War
On the 6th anniversary of secession, South Carolina rejects the 14th Amendment
Blacks in Washington D. C. gain the right to vote in a bill passed over President Andrew Johnson's veto
Nebraska becomes a state
Tenure of Office Act
Congress passes the Tenure of Office Act, denying the right of the President to remove officials who had been appointed with the consent of Congress.
Federal army restores military rule to Mississippi
Alexandria, Virginia rejects thousand of votes cast by Negroes, who were granted universal suffrage under the Reconstruction Act.
Nebraska ratifies the 14th Amendment
Massachusetts ratifies the 14th Amendment
Maryland rejects the 14th Amendment
Ulysses S. Grant becomes ad interim Secretary of War