Civil War

Timeline created by Daniel Shemtov
  • Fugitive Slave Law

    Fugitive Slave Law
    The Fugitive Slave Law says that anyone who found a runaway slave must help to return them to their owner. Many abolitionist and people in the North did not follow this law and had helped runaway slaves. If they were caught helping the slaves, there were big consequences like fines and jail time.
  • Uncle Tom’s Cabin-June 5, 1851

    Uncle Tom’s Cabin-June 5, 1851
    Uncle Tom’s Cabin was written by Harriet Beecher Stowe, and this novel was all about freeing the slaves. This book was really popular in the North and sold 300,000 copies in three months, this book was also well known in England. It showed people what was really going on with slavery.
  • John Brown’s Harpers Ferry Raid-Oct 16, 1859 – Oct 18, 1859

    John Brown’s Harpers Ferry Raid-Oct 16, 1859 – Oct 18, 1859
    In Harper Ferry, Virginia, A small group led by John Brown raids a federal armory, and try's to destroy the Institution of Slavery. After brown had attended an abolition meeting in Cleveland, he was determined to destroying the institution of slavery.
  • Abraham Lincoln Elected President of the United States

    Abraham Lincoln Elected President of the United States
    Abraham Lincoln was the 16th president, and he was the president that had freed the slaves. Lincoln had a competitor named Stephen Douglas, Lincoln had debated that the spread of slavery was getting worse and that it should be stopped, and Douglas had debated that every state should have a choice on whether they should keep the slaves or free them.
  • South Carolina seceded the Union

    South Carolina seceded the Union
    South Carolina was the first state to leave the union. South Carolina was the base of the south's troops for the Confederates in the Civil War, the union had recruited many free slaves.
  • Fort Sumter

    Fort Sumter
    Fort Sumter is known for being the place where the Civil war started. The battle of Fort Sumter happened on April 12, 1861. Fort Sumter was attacked by General P. G. T. Beauregard and the battle lasted 34 hours until Robert Anderson had surrendered because he didn’t have enough soldiers to fight.
  • First Battle of Bull Run

    First Battle of Bull Run
    This battle was the first big land battle in the Civil War. First Battle of Bull Run happened on July 21, 1861. This battle was a major loss because after the retreat of the Union this battle gave the south a boost in their courage and shocked many others around the U.S..
  • Battle of the Ironclads

    Battle of the Ironclads
    This battle between U.S.S. Monitor and the Merrimack, this was a big battle because it was the first naval battle fought with ironclad ships. The battle of Ironclads happened on March 9, 1862. This was a federal attempt to break the blockade on the southern ports.
  • Shiloh

    This battle had taken place in southwestern Tennessee, this was a battle between the union army of Tennessee and the Confederate army of Mississippi. The battle of Shiloh happened on April 6-April 7, 1862. The Confederate army led by General Albert Sidney Johnston.
  • Antietam

    They say it was the bloodiest day in history with 22,717 soldier killed, wounded, missing. This was a battle between General George B. McClellan's Army of the Potomac, and General Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia. The battle of Antietam happened on September 17, 1862.
  • Fredericksburg

    This battle is known as one of the most one-sided battles in the Civil War, The Union had suffered twice as more deaths the the confederates. Abraham Lincoln U.S. President at the time had called it a “Butchery". The battle of Fredericksburg happened on December 11-December 15, 1862.
  • Chancellorsville

    This was a major battle and had lasted for 7 days. This battle known for its army tactics in winning the battle was called lee’s “Perfect Battle” because of how he won the battle. This battle was the second bloodiest battle in the Civil War. Battle of Chancellorsville happened on April 30-May 6, 1863.
  • Vicksburg

    The siege took 47 days, and was as victory for the union. General Ulysses S. Grant’s had tried to take Vicksburg once before in the winter of 1862-63 but had failed. The Siege of Vicksburg happened between May 18-July 4, 1863.
  • Gettysburg

    This was another Union victory against the Confederates. This battle is very known because this was the turning point in the war for the Union. This battle also had the most casualties in the whole war. The battle of Gettysburg happened on July 1-July 3, 1863.
  • Sherman’s March to the sea

    Sherman’s March to the sea
    General Sherman's March to the see happened between November 15-December 21,1864, and took place in the state of Georgia from Atlanta to Savannah.
  • Lee surrenders at Appomattox

    Lee surrenders at Appomattox
    This battle was one of the last one in the Civil War. This battle was a win for the Union, and the surrender of General Robert E. Lee and the confederate forces. He was forced to surrender, he realized it was over.
  • Lincoln’s assassination

    Lincoln’s assassination
    Abraham Lincoln The 16th President was assassinated on April 15, 1865, at Ford Theatre, in the presidential box with his wife. He was shot by John Wilkes Booth. Abraham Lincoln was the first president to be assassinated.
  • John Wilkes Booth killed

    John Wilkes Booth killed
    John Wilkes Booth was the first person to assassinate a president. He died on April 26, 1865 12 days after he shot Lincoln. Wilkes had believed that Lincoln was trying to take over the confederacy and take down the south. He was 26 when he was shot by Boston Corbett, and American soldier.
  • Ratification of the 13th Amendment to the Constitution

    Ratification of the 13th Amendment to the Constitution
    On December 6, 1865 the 13th Amendment was added to the constitution 8 months after the Civil War ended. The 13th Amendment was created to end slavery in the United States.
  • Ratification of the 15th Amendment to the Constitution

    Ratification of the 15th Amendment to the Constitution
    The 15th Amendment was added to the constitution, and gave African Americans males the right to vote. This was a big deal because this is when African Americans were finally treated like U.S. citizens.