Civil War Timeline By Jack_T2527 Period: Jan 1, 1860 to Dec 31, 1866 Civil War Civil War Timeline Apr 3, 1860 Pony Express The Pony Express was created. This mail service that shortened mail time significantly. Nov 6, 1860 Abraham Lincoln Elected President Abraham Lincoln was elected president for the first time. Dec 20, 1860 South Carolina Declares Seccession South Carolina becomes the first state to declare seccession from the U.S. Jan 9, 1861 Mississippi Delares Secession Mississippi is the second state to declare secession. Jan 10, 1861 Florida Declares Secession Florida is the third state to declare secession. Jan 11, 1861 Alabama Declares Secession Alabama is the third state to declare secession. Jan 19, 1861 Georgia Declares Secession Geoarga is the fifth state to declare secession. Jan 26, 1861 Louisiana Declares Secession Louisiana is the sixth state to declare secession. Feb 1, 1861 Texas Declares Secession Texas becomes the seventh state to declare seccesion. Apr 12, 1861 Beginning of Civil War Apr 12, 1861 Battle of Fort Sumter The Battle of Fort Sumter is what marks the beginning to the Civil War. Apr 17, 1861 Virginia Declares Seccession Virginia becomes the eigth state to declare seccesion. May 6, 1861 Arkansas Declares Secession Arkansas becomes the ninth state to declare secession. May 20, 1861 North Carolina Declares Secession North Carolina becomes the tenth state to declare seccesion. Jun 8, 1861 Tennessee Declares Secession Tennessee becomes the eleventh state to declare seccesion. Jul 21, 1861 Battle of Bull Run The first major battle of the Civil War. Jan 1, 1862 Gatling Gun Invented The first working mchine gun was invented by Richard Gatling. Jan 1, 1862 Steel Warship The first steel warship was created replacing wooden warships. Apr 8, 1862 Battle of Shiloh One of the key campaigns in the fight for the Mississippi River Valley. May 20, 1862 Homestead Act This acts was created to give a person who was to buy lane a low cost. Jun 1, 1862 Robert E. Lee Gains Control Robert E. Lee gets control over the confederate army of Northern Virginia. Aug 22, 1862 Second Battle of Bull Run The Second Battle of Bull Run is fought in which the confederates won. Sep 17, 1862 Battle of Antietam The bloodiest single day battle of the Civil War. Sep 22, 1862 Emancipation Proclomation Anounced On this date Lincoln sent out a warning that he would emancipate the slaves in any rebelling state on Janury 1, 1863. Jan 1, 1863 Emancipation Proclomation in Act Abraham Lincoln enforces the Emancipation Proclamation on all rebel states. Mar 3, 1863 First Military Draft The first American draft for the army is in progress. May 10, 1863 Stonewall Jackson Dies A widely known confederate general was shot mistakenly by his own troops. Jul 1, 1863 Battle of Gettysburg The Battle of Gettysburg lasts 4 days and is one of the bloodiest battles. It also marks a turning point for the union. Jul 13, 1863 Draft Riots People erupt as the U.S. tris to draft men for the army. Riots break out in New York. Nov 19, 1863 Gettysburg Address Abraham Lincoln delivers his famous 2 minute speech. Feb 25, 1864 Start of Andersonville Andersonville, the worst prison of war criminals, is created. Mar 11, 1864 Army Ambulance Corps This group was filled with units to tend to the wounded. Mar 19, 1864 Ulysses S. Grant Ulysses S Grant becomes commander of all Union armies. Sep 2, 1864 Sherman Burns Atlanta Sherman burns Atlanta in its entirety. Nov 15, 1864 Sherman's March to the Sea General William Sherman led his troops 285 miles from Atlanta to Georgia and on his way they stole livestock, crops, and burned houses to frightem the southerners. Jan 31, 1865 Thirteenth Amendment Abraham Lincoln puts into action the thirteenth ammendment which abolishes slavery in the U.S. Mar 4, 1865 Abraham Lincoln Inaugural Abraham Lincoln is put into offic for the second time. Apr 9, 1865 Battle of Appomattox One of the last battles of the civil war. Final engagement between Lee's army and Grant's. Apr 9, 1865 Civil War Ends The Civil War officially ends. It ends when Robert E. Lee surrenders to Ulysses S. Grant. Apr 15, 1865 Abraham Lincoln Assassination Abraham Lincoln is assassinated by John Whilkes Booth. Dec 6, 1865 Slavery Is Abolished On this day slavery in the U.S. is abolished.