Civil War & Reconstruction

  • Compromise of 1850

    Compromise of 1850
    This compromise in 1850 was meant to avert the crisis between the North and South.
    It was introduced by Senator Henry Clay.
    It ended up not working, and pushing America towards war
  • Fugitive Slave Act

    Fugitive Slave Act
    This was incredibly controversial
    Slaves had to be returned to their masters if they were found.
  • Uncle Tom's Cabin was published

    Uncle Tom's Cabin was published
    Showed slaves in a sentimental light
    Abraham Lincoln called it an important moment in history
  • Kansas-Nebraska Act

    Kansas-Nebraska Act
    This act created the states of Kansas and Nebraska.
    It also repealed the fornemr Missouri Compromise of 1820, and allowed whites to settle on this land.
  • Raid on Harper's Ferry began

    Raid on Harper's Ferry began
    This raid lasted from the 16th to the 18th of October, 1859. Brown wanted to have a slave revolt so he tried to raid a ferry with 21 other men.
    He was quickly caught and executed, and this pushed on the Civil War
  • Abraham Lincoln's election

    The election of Abraham Lincoln caused many of the states to succede from the Union, which caused tensions to rise and the Civil War to begin
  • Confederate of the United States begins

    Confederate of the United States begins
    Consisted of 11 states that seceded from the Union after Lincoln was elected, and fought for slavery.
  • Civil War Begins

    Civil War Begins
    The war begins with the Confederate states, versus the Union states. It is the bloodiest war for America, as they fight for the rights of slaves. It will leave a mark on the country that still lasts today in certain states.
  • Fort Sumter battle begins

    Fort Sumter battle begins
    This was where the first shots of the Civil War were fired.
    It took place in two days, from April 12 - 14.
    Major Anderson surrendered the fort back, and there were no casualties to this battle.
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    Battle of Fort Sumter

  • Period: to

    Civil War

    The Civil war had many casualities as people battled over the simple question of slavery. Having the North and the South fighting with each other was night the best idea for a country only 80 years old. Yet, America became a stronger nation because of this battle.
  • First Battle of Bull Run begins

    First Battle of Bull Run begins
    First major land battle
    Fought near Virginia in July 1861
    Over 600 were killed overall, with many wounded, missing, and captured
  • Jefferson Davis is the President of the Confederate States

  • Naval Battles

    Naval Battles
    Ironclad attacked the wooden ships of the Union
    Then, they fought and the Confederacy lost one of their ships.
  • Battle of Shiloh begins

    Battle of Shiloh begins
    There were over 20,000 casualties during this battle
    Took place over 2 days
    The Union won this battle
  • Battle of Antietam begins

    Battle of Antietam begins
    There were over 23,000 casualties in this battle over 2 days
    This was inconclusive, but the Union won overall for strategy
  • Battle of Fredricksburg begins

    Battle of Fredricksburg begins
    Over 4 days, 17,000 people died
    Confederates won this battle
  • Emmancipation Proclamation

    Emmancipation Proclamation
    This was released by Lincoln after the third year of war.
    It decreed that all the slaves in these 'rebellious' states were free.
    This was incredibly important, as free black men wanted to then work for the Union
  • Battle of Chancellorsville begins

    Battle of Chancellorsville begins
    There were over 24,000 casualties
    The Confederates won this battle
  • Battle of Vikksburg begins

    Battle of Vikksburg begins
    There were over 35,000 casualties in this battle
    The Union won this battle
  • Battle of Gettysburg begins

    Battle of Gettysburg begins
  • Battle of Atlanta begins

    Battle of Atlanta begins
    There were over 9,000 casualties in the battle, beginning in July of 1863. More Confederates were lost, as they attempted to attack Sherman's March, but failed.
    The Union won this battle
  • Battle of Chickamauga begins

    Battle of Chickamauga begins
    There were over 30,000 casualties, as the two day battle took place
    The Confederates won this battle
  • Gettysburg Address is read

    Gettysburg Address is read
  • Sherman's March begins

    Sherman's March begins
    Sherman began his famous march through Georgia.
    In the end he destroyed networks for Confederates, and their property. Overall it was a success
  • Abraham Lincoln is re-elected

    Abraham Lincoln won the election over George B. McClellen
  • Period: to

    Reconstruction

  • Freedmen's Bureau

    Supervised all relief and education acts for refugees
    Assumed custody of all confiscated land in former Confederate states
  • Andrew Johnson becomes president

    Andrew Johnson becomes president
    After Abraham Lincoln was killed, his vice-president Johhnson was in office until 1869.
    He was not the strongest president, as he allowed problems in Reconstruction to continue
  • Civil War Ends

    Civil War Ends
    The war ended in 1865 as Robert E. Lee surrendered to Ullysses S. Grant
  • Reconstruction Period Begins

    Reconstruction Period Begins
  • Death of Abraham Lincoln

    Death of Abraham Lincoln
    On this day, Abraham Lincoln is assasinated in Ford's theater, by John Wilkes Booth in 1865 on Good Friday. This was the first presidential assassination and left a large scar on the United States.
  • 13th Ammendment is passed

    13th Ammendment is passed
  • 14th ammendment is ratified

    14th ammendment is ratified
  • Ulysses S. Grant became president

    Ulysses S. Grant became president
    Grant took over for Johnson, and had been very close with Lincoln during the war. He was still dealing with the problems of Reconstruction but slowly the States was getting back on track
  • 15th ammendment is ratified

    15th ammendment is ratified
  • Northern troops leave the South

    Northern troops leave the South
  • Rutherford B. Hayes becomes president

    Rutherford B. Hayes becomes president
    The reconstruction period ends as Rutherford B. Hayes takes over as president after Grant.