The Compromise of 1850• The Compromise of 1850 was a series of five bills that resulted in:
1. Fugitive Slave Act was amended
2. California was admitted as a free state.
3. In Utah and Mexican territories, the local populations could decide whether or not they wished to accept slavery.
4. The abolition of the slave trade in Washington, D.C
5. A new boundary between Texas and New Mexico. (Texas gave up lands)
• The picture shows Henry Clay the creator of the bills that then led to the Compromise
Kansas-Nebraska ActA picture that shows the free states and slave states...A summary of the Kansas-Nebraska Act...
•The Kansas Nebraska Act revoked the Missouri Compromise.
•Allowed slavery in territories north of the 36° 30´ latitude.
•Introduced by Senator Stephen Douglas of Illinois.
•Kansas-Nebraska Act stated that the issue of slavery would be decided by the inhabitants of each territory (Popular sovereignty).
•Violence began in Kansas between those for slavery and against slavery.
•Factor that lead to Civil War.
Abraham Lincoln Elected President and his First Inaugural AddressLincoln's First Inaugural Address Explained...A summary of Lincoln's life... Significance:
• Lincoln’s election was very important in the Civil War. This is because the South feared a Republican in the White House affecting slavery. This is one of the reasons the South gave for seceding (The Northern government would not agree on their view of slavery).
California Secedes from the UnoinCalifornia secedes from the Union. This is followed by other states doing the same.
Confederate States of America FormedThe CSA safeguarded slavery and emphasized the rights of each indivicual state.
The CSA was formed in 1861 and lasted until 1865. The website attached shows the states that were in the CSA and when the seceded and then later rejoined the Union.
Expanding on the CSA...
The Battle of Fort SumterSignificance:
The attack on Fort Sumter was the first battle in the American Civil War • Visit the website to watch a video describing and further explaining the bombing of Fort Sumter.
• 0-1.05 minutes is the key part of the video. The Battle of Fort Sumter explained...
First Battle of Bull Run• Union army marched towards Richmond but then encountered the Confederate forces that were coming from Manassas in the North.
• Union was dominating in the beginning of the battle. However, General Johnston of the Confederate army brought reinforcements and soon the Union soldiers were fleeing back to Washington. A factor that allowed this to happen was that Andrew Jackson, from the South, was able to hold his ground.
• Was a sense of accomplishment for the South
The Trent Incident•Confederate President Davis sent agents to Britain looking for support against the North. They boarded the Trent, a British mail steamer, to cross the Atlantic.
•November 8th 1861- USS San Jacinto ceased the Trent east of Havana. The confederate diplomats were seized and taken to Boston.
•British government demanded their release.
•Maritimes and Canada became concerned when they realized they could become a battlefield
•British stated they would protect their colonies. Prisoners released De1861
The Battle of Seven DaysA brief summary/overview of the 7 day war.
Picture is of McClellan who commanded the Union and Lee who commanded the Confederates.
The Homestead ActA summary of the Homestead Act 1862... Significance:
• Promoted westward expansion.
• Encouraged immigration.
• Vast areas of land welfare available for settlement.
• Native Americans were pushed out of their lands.
• The previously abundant amounts of prairie land were being developed rapidly.
Battle of Antietam, MarylandA summary of the Battle of Antietam...
• Bloodiest single day in American History
• First major battle fought on Northern territory, in Maryland.
• This battle led to Lincoln’s decision to issue the Emancipation Proclamation. This is because he wanted a Union victory to not make the proclamation not look like an act of desperation.
Emancipation Proclamation“all persons held as slaves within any State, or designated part of the State, the people whereof shall be in rebellion against the United States, shall be then, thenceforward and forever free.”
-Abraham Lincoln What the Proclamation did:
• Slaves in rebelling states were declared free
• It did not free slaves in the border states areas under Union control that were within Confederate territory
• Freed slaves were allowed to join the armed forces
Battle of GettysburgA video discussing the Battle of Gettysburg
Few soldiers returned home with more than 160,000 soldiers involved making it the largest battle in North America. The battle is known as the bloodiest battle in the Civil War.
• This led to Lincoln's Gettysburg Address....
November 19, 1863
Abraham Lincoln's Gettysburg Address in Text
The Battle of VicksburgA summary of the Battle of Vicksburg
The battle started before Gettysburg but ended after. Significance:
• The Union gained control of the entire Mississippi River.
• Eliminated not only Confederate armies but also their weapons.
• The remaining Confederate armies were split into two (geographically).
The Gettysburg Address - Lincoln's Famous SpeechSignificance:
• Changed the way people viewed the Civil War
• Made the people aware of their rights
• Discussed how it is was their duty to continue fighting to honour those who had died and struggled to get them where they were, Abraham Lincoln's Gettysburg Address in VideoAbraham Lincoln's Gettysburg Address in Text
Proclamation of Amnesty and Reconstruction - 10% PlanThe beginning of reconstruction...
Lincoln's 10% Plan
• Presented a full pardon to any Southerner, which the exception of certain leaders, who would oath to support The Constitution of the United States and The Union of the States
• Those who agreed to take the oath in each state could then vote to arrange a new state government
• Lincoln would recognize the new state if:
1) The new government accepted the abolition of slavery
2) The people voting for government was at least 10% of those who had voted in the 1860 election.
The Battle of AtlantaThe Battle of Atlanta explained... Battle over supply and rail facilities as well as vital supply zones for the Atlanta region. Significance:
• Devastating loss for the Confederates
• Atlanta was destroyed
• Union soldiers marched onwards
President Lincoln's Re-election"I earnestly believe that the consequences of this day's work will be to the lasting advantage, if not the very salvation, of the country"
-Abraham Lincoln • Defeats Democrat George McClellan
Freedmen's Bureau• Established to assist slaves after the Civil War into transitioning from a slave to a free man.
• Established to provide clothing, medical care, food and education to slaves that had been free and white refugees.
Battle of Appomattox and surrender of the Confederates
Abraham Lincoln's Assassination• Lincoln was attending Our American Cousin at the Ford Theatre in Washington, D.C, where he was sitting in the Presidential Box with Mary Todd Lincoln, his wife.
• When the audience erupted in laughter from a comical part in the play, John Wilkes Booth, entered the box and shot Lincoln in the back of the head.
• Major Rathbone was then stabbed in his effort to stop Booth.
• Booth escaped.
• Lincoln received medical care but died the next day. (April 15th)
• Andrew Johnson took Lincoln's place
Surrender at Bennett PlaceA summary of the Confederate surrender...
• Was the FINAL and LARGEST surrender
The 13th AmendmentThe limitations of the 13th amendment...
• Slavery and involuntary servitude could not exist within the United States except as punishment for a crime.
• Was the first of three major reconstruction amendments.
Civil Rights Act Passed
The Reconstruction Act• The Reconstruction Act provided firmer government practices on rebel states and organized the South into five military districts (See Map.). The states had to ratify the 14th amendment and allow all freemen a vote.
Purchase of AlaskaA website discussing the Purchase of Alaska Significance:
• Expanded the United States territory.
• Prevented the expansion of Spanish and British land in North America.
The 14th AmendmentA summary of the 14th amendment... Significance:
• Permitted all persons in the United States equal protection under the laws of the United States.
The Railroad BoomA video discussing the building of the first transcontinental railroad... Significance:
• Was the first transcontinental railroad that connected the Union Pacific and the Central Pacific Railroads.
• Led to a swift expansion of the west.
• Promoted something that was not formerly possible: ranching and farming on the Great Plains.
• Transportation costs were reduced.
The 15th AmendmentSignificance:
• All citizens had the right to vote with no discrimination based on race, color, or previous condition of servitude. A summary of the 13th, 14th and 15th amendment...
Freedmen's Bureau Abolished
Panic of 1873A video discussing the Panic of 1873... • Lasted for approximately 5 to 6 years. Significance:
• A huge economic depression that brought trouble to the United States and numerous other countries in Europe such as Germany, Britain and Austria. What influenced the Panic of 1873:
• Jay Cooke and Company going bankrupt was a key factor in the panic starting.
The 1876 Presidential Election
The Compromise of 1877Also known as "The Great Betrayal".
• An informal non-documented/unwritten agreement between the Democrats and Republicans regarding the election in 1876.
• The south believed that Tilden had been cheated and they threatened to “attack” Washington. However, nothing happened.
• The Southern people were to recognize Hayes as the president as well as respect black people.
• Republicans guaranteed the South authority, funds and the removal of federal troops.
Rutherford B. Hayes Officially Elected PresidentAfter a controversial and one of the most debated elections in American history, Rutherford B. Hayes is officially the president of the United States. The Compromise of 1877 is what allowed this to occur.