Civil War Timeline

  • Emancipation Proclamation

    Emancipation Proclamation
    The Emancipation Proclamation was an executive ordered by President Lincoln that ultimately freed the slaves. It wasn't an immediate result, however over the course of the Civil War, slvaes from all over the Confederacy were liberated.
  • Period: to

    Trent Affair

    The Trent Affair was a Diplomatic conflict between the Union, Cofederacy, and Great Britain. A Union ship intercepted a British ship, containing evidence of collaboration between The Confederates and Great Britain. The Confederates requested financial support from Britain and support against the Union.Ultimately, Lincoln resolved the situation by releasing the two Confederate diplomats and letting th eship return to Britain.
  • Period: to

    The Battle of Shiloh

    The Battle of Shiloh was a major engagement located in Pittsburg Landing. The end resulted in a Union victory, and it was considered the bloodiest battle in American history up at the time.
  • The Battle of Antietam

    The Battle of Antietam
    The Battle of Antietam was the first conflict located on Union soil, and was also a Union victory. It is also known as the bloodiest battle than any other in Amerian history. Even casualities during skirmishes and sieges from other wars such as Vietnam and World War II didn't surpass this conflict.
  • Gettysburg Address

    Gettysburg Address
    The Gettysburg Addres became known as one of America's most moving speeches given by Abraham Lincoln. This speech addressed the struggle of the Civil War, and it stated provisions of human equity by mentioning the Declaration Independence.
  • Period: to

    The Battle of Fredericksburg

    The battle of Fredericksburg was an embarrasing defeat for the Union. The Norht suffered nearly twice as many casualties as the South. Union soldiers attempted to pierce the entrenched Confederate lines, and they did at one point, but they were finally repulsed by "Stonewall" Jackson's forces.
  • Period: to

    The Battle of Chancellorsville

    The battle of Chancellorsville was large engagement in Spotsylvania County, Virginia. This battle was a demonstration of Lee's effectiveness as a general when he decided to split his army into two in the presence of a larger force. Although the Confederates won, the victory was undermined by the fatal wounding of "Stonewall" Jackson.
  • Period: to

    The Battle of Gettysburg

    The Battle of Gettysburg is one of the most revered battles of the Civil War. It is often regarded as the turning point of the war, and showcased one of Robert E. Lee's greatest defeats.
  • Period: to

    New York Draft Riots

    Aside from the Civil War, the New York Draft Riots were the largest civil and racial insurrections in American History. The riots were response to the draft intitiated by the Union, and many of rioters (working-class men) weren't able to hire a substitute.
  • Period: to

    The Battle of Chikamuga

    The battle of Chickamauga was the first battle of the CIvil War in Georgia, and it was the most significant Union defeat in the Western Theatre. The battle resulted in the second hgihest number of casualities, behind Gettysburg. It ultimately ended the Union offensive in southeastern Tennessee.
  • Lincoln Proposes 10% Plan

    Lincoln Proposes 10% Plan
    In 1863, Lincoln proposed a peaceful diplomatic resolution to the Civil War. The ten-percent plan stated that any Confederate State could rejoin the Union as long as at least 10% ofits voters swore allegience to the North. This was overturned due the Republicans' defeat in 1864. Other republicans feared that this plan was too "nice" to the South, and they also believed that the plantation owners would still continue slavery.
  • The Battle of Fort Pillow

    The Battle of Fort Pillow
    The Battle of Fort Pillow was a rather disturbing conflict located in Lauderdale, TN. The South managed to prevail in battle, and they decided to massacre African-American Union troops. This showed the disgust that the South had for the slaves that had run away in order to support the enemy.
  • Period: to

    The Battle of Cold Harbor

    The battle of Cold Harbor was one of the final battles of General Grant's Overland Campiagn. It is remembered as one of the bloodiest battles of the Civil War due to the thousands of lives of Union Soldiers that were slaughtered in vain.
  • Wade-Davis Bill

    Wade-Davis Bill
    The Wade-Davis Bill was a bill proposed by two Republicans in an attempt to revise Lincoln's Ten-Percent Plan. The bill required that each state must attain a majority vote in order to rejoin the Union. Also, it requireed that each state take an "Ironcald Oath", proving that they never truly supported the Confederacy.
  • The Batle of Franklin

    The Batle of Franklin
    The Battle of Franklin was part of the Franklin-Nashville Campaign headed by the South. This was considered one of the worst disasters of the Civil War for the Confederates. Approximately fourteen generals were considered casualties, and it was nicknamed the "Picketts-Charge of the West."
  • Period: to

    The Battle of Nashville

    The Battle of Nashville was the final battle of the Franklin-Nashville Campaign. This battle marked the end of the fighting in the Western Theatre of the Civil War.
  • Founding of Freedman's Burea

    Founding of Freedman's Burea
    The formation of Freedman's Bureau was an example of the North's sympathy for the Souht. After many abttles, communities in the South conquered by the North were in ruins. The Bureau's goal was to help these communities rebuild and start up again.
  • Assaination of Lincoln

    Assaination of Lincoln
    The assassination of President Lincoln took place in Ford's Theatre. This happened approximately five days after the Civil War ended. This represented tensions between the North and South after the resolution of the war.
  • States begin to pass Black Codes

    States begin to pass Black Codes
    The pasage of Black Codes showcased the signs of discrimination after the Civil War. Blacks were required to pay hard taxes and had to show proof of emplyment every year. ALso, punishments were even harder for them, sometimes resulting in plantation labor.
  • Period: to

    13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments Passed

    The 14th, 14th, and 15th Amendments(otherwise known as the Reconstruction Amendments) were three extremely important events passed after the end of the Civil War. They were seen as influential by extending liberty to the entire poulation of America, However, there were still provisions that the government took to keep free blacks from experiencing complete liberty,
  • KKK Founded

    KKK Founded
    The First KKK, acted as a secret vigilante society that targeted freed blacks. Their ultimate goal was to estbalish white supremacy. The Klan was founded by six veterans of the Confederate Army, which gives even more evidence of the South's feelings toward the change in thier economic system.
  • Civil Right's Act of 1868

    Civil Right's Act of 1868
    The Civil Right's Act of 1866 was the first of its kind to address United State's Citizneship and equal protection. The Bill was passed twice by Congress and twice vetoed by President Johnson. However, after the second vetoed, two-thirds of Congress overrode the veto.
  • First Reconstruction Act Passed

    First Reconstruction Act Passed
    The first reconstruction act, otherwise knwon as the Military Reconstruction Act, was passed in 1867 passed by President Johnson.This divided the US into five military districts, each headed by a Union General. Each General was charged with protecting liberty and property. This event shows how the tensions between the North and the South were still tight after the war.
  • Impeachment of Johnson

    Impeachment of Johnson
    The impeachment of President Johnson came to be one of the most dramatic acts in history. Johnson was impeached by the House for giviing little care for the pubnlic will and violating the Tenure of Office Act. He was the first presiednt to ever be impeached in American History.
  • End of Reconstruction

    End of Reconstruction
    The end of the Reconstruction era resulted from many evetns at the same time. As blacks gained the right to vote, secret societeies, such as the KKK, sprang up to restore white supremacy. Also, manyNorthern politicians began to feel that the South should begin to solve its own problems without help from Washington.
  • Hayes-Tilden Compromise

    Hayes-Tilden Compromise
    The Hayes-Tilden Comrprmise (Compromise of 1877) was a deal that ultimately ended the Reconstruction Era. The deal was between southern republicans and democrats. Rutherford B. Hayes would be awarded the seat in the House, under the conditions that federal troops are taken out of the South.