Civil War Timeline

  • Northwest Ordinance

    Northwest Ordinance
    Northwest land Ordinance gave America land in the west including five states in total and was purchases by the treaty of Paris.
  • Louisiana Purchase

    Louisiana Purchase
    Thomas Jefferson Purchase this land from France for 15 million which was about 3 cents an acre. It doubled the size of our country adding 15 other states. This is important because it set the president for buying and obtaining new land.
  • Missouri Compromise

    Missouri Compromise
    The Missouri Compromise admitted Missouri as a slave state and Maine as a free state( threatening the balance there was before). It also drew the line for the expansion of slavery at 36´30¨ line.
  • Monroe Doctrine

    Monroe Doctrine
    The Monroes Doctrine was issued to warn European countries to not recolonize Latin America. Enforcement of the Monroe Doctrine was dependent on the British navy (America´s military was limited).
  • Nullification Crisis

    Nullification Crisis
    Federal Government passed a high tariff. This angered the south and John C. Calhoun attempted to nullify it, stating that SC wouldn´t pay. Later a compromise was reached but SC did not give up the right of states to nullify acts of congress.
  • Texas Annexation

    Texas Annexation
    After being their own independent nation, Congres tried to settle whether Texas should be a slave or a free state, then Polk annexed texas while Border disputes would lead to war. This is important because it takes up a decent size portion of what is now America.
  • Oregon Treaty

    Oregon Treaty
    While at war with Mexico, Polk and his ambassadors negotiated a treaty with the British for the Oregon territory. This is important because It gave us the 49 parallel which is the border for America and Canada.
  • Mexican Cession

    Mexican Cession
    The U.S. completes Manifest Destiny by taking 1/3 of Mexico´s land following the end of the Mexican American war.
  • Compromise of 1850

    Compromise of 1850
    Introduced Popular Sovereignty (Allow people of the state to vote whether to be a slave state or a free state), and admitted California as a free state. Also, put out New Fugitive Slave Law.
  • Kansas-Nebraska Act

    Kansas-Nebraska Act
    The Kansas-Nebraska Act overturned the Missouri Compromise by allowing slavery North of the 36´30¨ line. This was possible because Stephen Douglas proposed popular sovereignty to these states.
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    Bleeding Kansas

    Competition between pro-slavery and anti-slavery forces turned violent. This eventually led to a new political party, the Republican party. Bleeding Kansas is important because it was right before the war, some say it was the start of the Civil War.
  • Battle of Bull Run

    Battle of Bull Run
    This was a Confederate victory that took place in Manassas, Virginia. The Confederacy was led by the infamous "Stonewall Jackson" as the Union was led by newly replaced general George G. McClellan. This is Important because the union thought they had the upper hand at the start and this goes to show the fighting spirit of both sides.
  • Battle of Fort Sumter

    Battle of Fort Sumter
    The Confederacy fired the first shots on the Union held by Garrison. The Garrison commander surrendered the next day April 13, 1861. This is important because it was the first battle of the Civil War.
  • Battle of Antietam

    Battle of Antietam
    This was an intense battle in Sharpsburg Maryland for both sides as it was a tactical draw. (Includes Single most bloodiest day of the war)Although neither side particularly won or lost the Union did experience more losses than the Confederacy. This battle is important for U.S history because it also showed the fierce determination and fighting spirit our country had even then.
  • Emancipation Proclamation

    Emancipation Proclamation
    This was a military document to get Britain to stop supporting the Confederacy. This is important because it was a turning point in the war. Also, it made the war primarily about slavery.
  • The Gettysburg Address

    The Gettysburg Address
    This was an event held in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania concerning the war. President Lincoln spoke and described the war as a struggle to fulfill the Declaration of Independence and preserve a nation. This was important as it was looked at as somewhat of a very patriotic turning point.
  • The Battle of Vicksburg

    The Battle of Vicksburg
    The battle of Vicksburg took place in Vicksburg, Mississippi. Ultimately the union took the victory as they were led by General Ulysses S. Grant. Vicksburg is an important event during the Civil War because this was a turning point in the war being that Union slipped the confederacy in two at the Mississippi River.
  • The Battle Gettysburg

    The Battle Gettysburg
    This battle basically put the icing on the dawg on´ cake with the Union taking the Victory of one of the last major battle of the Civil War. Also the all-around bloodiest battle of the war. General Robert E. Lee and the confederacy tried to Invade the North during this battle. This was the Confederacy second and last attempt to do so.
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    Presidential Reconstruction

    Presidential reconstruction started with President Lincoln and then eventually continued to president Johnson. Johnson couldn't handle it, then it led to congress.
  • Sherman's March to the Sea

    Sherman's March to the Sea
    Shermans march to the sea started on November 15, 1864. William Tecumseh Sherman led his forces on a march to the sea from the Tennesse-Georgia border. His main objective was to capture the port of Savannah Georgia.
  • 13th Amendment

    13th Amendment
    This Amendment was and is very important because it ended slavery. Although not all at once this was a big stepping stone.
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    Congressional Reconstruction

    After realizing that president Johnson didn´t have to power to carry on what Lincoln start with Reconstruction, Congress took over. They did many things including Dividing the military into 5 different districts, put Union generals in charge of them and they ratified the 14th amendment. This is very important considering it lasted for 10 years and really this is where the rebuilding of America after the war.
  • 14th amendment

    14th amendment
    Gave men Birthright citizenship meaning that any man born in the United States is considered a citizen. This is important because it got freedmen (freed slaves) another step closer to being eligible to vote.
  • 15th Amendment

    15th Amendment
    This amendment was passed by Congress and ratified. This was Important was because it gave African American men the right to vote.
  • Plessy v. Ferguson

    Plessy v. Ferguson
    This created the concept of ¨seperate but equal¨. Plessy v. Ferguson basically made segregation in American Legal and accepted. Although this is very wrong it is an important part of our history, letting us know how corrupt we were and how far we have come.