Civil War Timeline

Timeline created by AlexandraStan07
In History
  • Uncle Tom’s Cabin

    Uncle Tom’s Cabin
    Uncle Tom’s Cabin was a hit book in 1852. It was an anti-slavery book that changed the nation’s way of viewing African Americans. The author, Harriet Beecher Stowe wrote the novel due to newly tightened fugitive slave laws. The book sold over 300,000 copies the first year it was published in America and 1.5 million copies in Britain.
  • Fort Sumter

    Fort Sumter
    Fort Sumter was a sea fort that was attacked on April 12, 1861. This battle forced Anderson and his soldiers to surrender the fort the next day. This was the start of the Civil War between the North and South.
  • First Battle of Bull Run

    First Battle of Bull Run
    The First Battle of Bull Run marked the first major land battle. The battle occurred July 21, 1861 and was a Confederate victory. It was fought in Prince William County, Virginia right near the city of Manassas.
  • The Trent Affair

    The Trent Affair
    On November 8, U.S Navy solder Charles Wilkes captured two Confederate spy’s on the British ship, the Trent. Soon, Great Britain accused the U.S of violating their rules. This caused a political crisis between Great Britain and the U.S. This resulted in even more stigma than there already was due to the the tension between the Union and Confederates.
  • Battle of the Ironclads

    Battle of the Ironclads
    March 8-9, 1862 the Battle of the Ironclads occurred. The naval battle took place in Virginia, more specifically in a body of water called the Hampton Roads. During this battle, two union ships sunk. The battle was indecisive, no one won or lost. Although both sides decided to claim victory, the battle is still considered neutral.
  • Shiloh

    The Battle of Shiloh took place from April 6 to April 7, 1862. The battle occurred due to Confederate troops launching a surprise attack on Union troops. Union troops led by Ulysses S. Grant were able to hold off the attack and won the battle. This battle took place in Hardin County, Tennessee
  • Antietam

    On September 17, 1862 the Battle of Antietam occurred. This made the Union repel the first Confederate invasion in the North. The battle happened at Antietam Creek which was right by Sharpsburg Maryland. The Union, which was led by General George B. McClellan claimed victory due to Confederate troops led by Robert E. Leer withdrawing from the battle.
  • Fredericksburg

    The Battle of Fredericksburg occurred December 11-15, 1862. The battle took place in and around Fredericksburg, Virginia. This war was a big loss for the Union. Although the Union did outnumber the Confederates by a large number, they still suffered a great loss. The Confederate victory was led by General Robert E. Lee.
  • Emancipation Proclamation

    Emancipation Proclamation
    The Emancipation Proclamation created by Abraham Lincoln states, “that all person held by slaves, are and henceforward shall be set free.” This granted freedom of slaves in Confederate states if the states did not return to the Union by January 1, 1863.
  • Chancellorsville

    The Battle of Chancellorsville was a huge Confederate victory. Their victory ended up ruining the Union’s plans to invade Richmond. The battle occurred April 30 - May 6, 1863. General Robert E. Lee led the Confederates into battle, and General Jospeh Hooker led the Union.
  • Vicksburg

    The Siege/Battle of Vicksburg took place from May 18 to July 4, 1863. The Union decided to take hold of Vicksburg, Mississippi. This was one of the Union Army’s most successful plans of the Civil War. General Grant’s troops won five battles and took over 6,000 prisoners. General Pemberton who was leading Confederate troops during this battle, decided to surrender on July 4 after Union troops took hostage of Vicksburg.
  • Gettysburg

    The Battle of Gettysburg occurred July 1-3, 1863 in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. The battle was between Union and Confederates during the Civil War. The Union’s victory put an end to General Robert E. Lee’s plan to invade the North.
  • Chickamauga and Chattanooga

    Chickamauga and Chattanooga
    The Battle of Chickamauga occurred because there was trouble figuring out how and who should control the Chattanooga railroad town. Chattanooga was a vital railroad for the South and it led straight to the South. The North ended up winning the battle, giving them an easier passage when having to enter the South.
  • Gettysburg Address

    Gettysburg Address
    The Gettysburg Address was a speech made by Lincoln, hoping to urge the people to honor those who had died during the Battle of Gettysburg and to remember the kind nation their founding fathers had intended to put/create.
  • The Overland Campaign

    The Overland Campaign
    The Overland Campaign was a plan created by Grant. The plan was to capture Lee’s army and take them to the Confederate’s capital, Richmond, Virginia. Although the Union lost many men in battle, it still turned out to be a Union victory.
  • The Battle of Atlanta

    The Battle of Atlanta
    The Battle of Atlanta occurred because Union forces under William T. Sherman wanted to neutralize an important railroad and supply hub. Confederate forces were under John B. Hood. This resulted in a battle breaking out and the Union claiming victory.
  • Sherman’s March to the Sea

    Sherman’s March to the Sea
    General Sherman’s march through march though Georgia starting from Atlanta and ending in Savanah was a huge mess. Sherman was able to take control of Atalanta and Savanah, as well as a major railroad hub and a major sea port. Sherman destroyed Atlanta and Savanah during his march.
  • The Battle of Nashville

    The Battle of Nashville
    The Battle of Nashville was a Union victory that destroyed Hood’s Army of Tennessee. General John B. Hood attempted to reclaim Nashville, Tennessee from a Federal army. Although Hood has a huge disadvantage numerically, he still decided to go through with the plan, Hood and his army ended up being on the run after his loss.
  • Appomattox

    On April 9, 1865 the civil war was ended at the Appomattox Court House in Appomattox, Virginia. The war was ended when Confederate General Robert E. Lee surrendered to Union General Ulysses S. Grant. Lee surrendered his army to avoid destruction in the south, knowing they wouldn’t get any further.
  • Lincoln’s Assassination

    Lincoln’s Assassination
    On April 15, 1865 at Peterson House, Washington D.C president Lincoln was shot. Lincoln was going to see a movie, but John Wilkes Booth killed him. John was a supporter of slavery and thought Lincoln was to destroy the south and what it meant.