Civil War timeline

By JS11
  • Fort Sumpter

    Fort Sumpter
    Fort Sumpter
    On April 1o,1861,General Beauregard in comman of the provisional Confederate forces at Charleston, South Carolina, demanded the surrender of the Union garrison of Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor. Garrison commander Anderson refused. On April 12, Confederate batteries opened fire on the fort, which was unable to reply effectively. At 2:30 pm, April 13, Major Anderson surrendered Fort Sumter, evacuating the garrison on the following day. The bombardment of Fort Sumter was the opening
  • Period: to

    civil wor era

  • First Bull Run

    First Bull Run
    The Battle of Bull Run ws fought on July 21, 1861. It was fought in Prince William County, Virginia. It was the first major battle that was fought on land. The Union had about 18,000 troops involved in the battle and the Confederacy had the same. The union lost more men and many were captured or missing. At this point in American history is was the bloodiest battle in American history. The Confederacy won the battle and the Union was scared because they thought the Confederates would move to DC.
  • Hampton Roads

    Hampton Roads
    Hampton Roads
    The battle of Hamptons Roads often refers to as the battle of the monitor nad Merrimack(or Merrimac) it was the most noted and arguably most important naval battle of the American civil war from the standpoint of the development of navies. It was fought over two days, March 8-9 1862, in Hampton Roads, a roadstead in Virginia
  • Shiloh

    The battle of Shiloh was a major battle in the Western Theater in the American Civil War. It was fought between April 6-7, 1862.The Confederates intention of the battle was to drive the Union away from the river. The Union won the battle being guided by Ulysses S. Grant. The same amount of people was killed on both sides but the Union had heavier losses in wounded and missing. Despite the Union winning many people were angry with Grant and called for him to be removed.
  • Antietam

    The Battle of Antietam also known as the Battle of Sharpsburg, particularly in the South), fought on September 17, 1862, near Sharpsburg, Maryland, and Antietam Creek, as part of the Maryland Campaign, was the first major battle in the American Civil War to take place on Northern soil. It was the bloodiest single-day battle in American history, with about 23,000 casualties.
    After pursuing Confederate General Robert E. Lee into Maryland, Union Army Maj. Gen. George B. McClellan launched
  • Fredericksburg battle

    Fredericksburg battle
    This battle was fought between December 11-15, 1862. The battle was a major confederate victory. More than twice as many people were killed, missing or captured on the Union side. On December 14 a commander named Burnside asked General Lee for a truce to end this battle. Lee quickly agreed to it. This battle quickly turned bad for the Union as many people criticized the government for this major loss.
  • Chancellorsville

    The Battle of Chancellorsville was a major battle of the American Civil War, and the principal engagement of the Chancellorsville Campaign. It was fought from April 30 to May 6, 1863, in Spotsylvania County, Virginia, near the village of Chancellorsville. Two related battles were fought nearby on May 3 in the vicinity of Fredericksburg.
  • Siege of Vicksburg

    Siege of Vicksburg
    This battle was fought between May 18, 1863-July 4, 1863. This battle pushed the Confederate army into a defensive lines around Vicksburg, Mississippi. The Union forces were more than twice the size of the confederate forces. Grant sent a note offering parole to all confederate but he was wrong about his idea that none of these soldiers wanted to fight again. Many of them would fight again.
  • Battle of Gettysburg

    Battle of Gettysburg
    Battle of Gettysburg
    The battle of Gettysburg was fought July 1–3, 1863, in and around the town of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. The battle with the largest number of casualties in the American Civil War,[7] it is often described as the war's turning point.[8] Union Maj. Gen. George Gordon Meade's Army of the Potomac defeated attacks by Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia, ending Lee's invasion of the North.
  • Chickamauga

    The Battle of Chickamauga, fought September 19–20, 1863,marked the end of a Union offensive in southeastern Tennessee and northwestern Georgia called the Chickamauga Campaign. The battle was the most significant Union defeat in the Western Theater of the American Civil War and involved the second highest number of casualties in the war following the Battle of Gettysburg.
    The battle was fought between the Union Army of the Cumberland under Maj. Gen. William Rosecrans and the Confederate Army of T
  • Wilderness

    The Battle of the Wilderness, fought May 5–7, 1864, was the first battle of Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant's 1864 Virginia Overland Campaign against Gen. Robert E. Lee and the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia. Both armies suffered heavy casualties, a harbinger of a bloody war of attrition by Grant against Lee's army and, eventually, the Confederate capital, Richmond, Virginia. The battle was tactically inconclusive, as Grant disengaged and continued his offensive.
  • Battle of Spotsylvania

    Battle of Spotsylvania
    The battle was fought between May 8,1864-May 21, 1864. This battle was fought between Ulysses S. Grant and Robert E. Lee. The battle was not won by either side. Grant couldn’t break through the confederate line and the battle cost 32,000 lives. The Union lost 5,000 more lives than the Confederacy. The Confederacy had a lot more people captured or missing by the end of the battle. The effects of the battle were that that Grant couldn’t move south until May 20, 1864.
  • Siege of Petersburg

    Siege of Petersburg
    The Richmond–Petersburg Campaign was a series of battles around Petersburg, Virginia, fought from June 9, 1864, to March 25, 1865, during the American Civil War. Although it is more popularly known as the Siege of Petersburg, it was not a classic military siege, in which a city is usually surrounded and all supply lines are cut off, nor was it strictly limited to actions against Petersburg.
  • Sherman’s March to the Sea

    Sherman’s March to the Sea
    This is the name commonly given to the Savannah campaign in Georgia. It was conducted by Maj. Gen. William Tecumseh Sherman. It lasted from November 15 to December 21. They moved from Atlanta Georgia to Savannah Georgia and destroyed almost everything in their path. The aftermath of the battle was an inspired Union and a now Hurt Confederacy.
  • Assationation of Lincoln

    Assationation of Lincoln
    Abraham Lincoln was murdered on April 14, 1865. He was the first president to be killed in office. He was killed by a actor named John Wilkes Booth that thought this would restart the civil war. He sneaked into Ford Theater and managed to escape aftere shooting Lincoln in the back of the head. The aftermath of this incident was that the south believed they would be more severely punished for leaving than if Lincoln had lived. The funeral of Lincoln was viewed by many people as it was showed.