Civil War Annotated Timeline - Jackie Thompson

  • Fort Sumter

    Fort Sumter
    This fort was a federal fort located in the harbor of Charleston, South Carolina. On April 12th, 1861 the South attacked Fort Sumter, which marked the beginning of the Civil War. That day Major Robert Anderson and his garrison were watching over this fort before the attack. The garriosn was running out of supplie, so Lincoln supplied them incase of war. Sadly the Confederacy attacked them before the suppliy ships could even arrive.At 4:30pm shore gund opened fire on the fort for 34 hours.
  • Battle of Hampton Roads

    Battle of Hampton Roads
    This battle was when Naval History was made. Tis was whne the first confederate ironclads down the Elizabeth River into Hampton Roads to attack the Union troops on the other side. This battle also proved that iron had dominated over wood. In this battle the Union was lead by General John E. Wool, and the South was lead by General Benjamin Huger. This battle was won by the Confederates with an iron win.
  • Battle of Shiloh

    Battle of Shiloh
    This battle was the fiercest fighting the Civil War had ever. Union General William Tecumseh Sherman had three horses shot right in front of him. Also Confederate General Jhnston was killed that day, and was replaced by General Beauregard. That night a terrible storm came through. Union boats ran up river with fresh troops to Grant's troops. Grant lead the attack, and he excausted them so much that he had to retreat them witha Union victory.
  • Battle of Bull Run (1st)

    Battle of Bull Run (1st)
    The battle of Bull Run (1st) was one of the fierest fights in the Civil War. Lead by General Mdowell the Union general and General Bearegard the Confederate General.This battle took place in Manassas, Virginia. As fresh troops arrived from the Confedrates it equaled to the number of Union troops and launched a countercharge. Attacking the Union was just getting smaller and smaller. The North were shocked by the outcome the South were thrilled. The Confederate had won the the battle.
  • Battle of Bull Run (2nd)

    Battle of Bull Run (2nd)
    Battle of Bull Run (2nd) was the most victorious of Confedrate wins. From August 29-30 this battle was done in Manassas, Virginia. The second battle of Bull Run started very similar to the first one. The Union lead by General McClellan and the Confederate lead by General Robert E. Lee who lead the Confederate to the end. The Union ended up withdrawing back to Washington. This had ended the threat in Virginia, and a Confederate win.
  • Battle of Antietam

    Battle of Antietam
    Battle of Antietam was one of the bloodiest battles in american history. Lead by the Union General Mcllean and the Confederate General Lee. They boht meet at Sharpsburg, Maryland. During this battle the Emancimation of Prolamation was issued for the retreat of the confederate army on Sept 22, 1862. This battle was a 2 day long battle, and a Union win.
  • Battle of Fredricksburg

    Battle of Fredricksburg
    This battle was to stop the Union from advacing any further then they were. In this battle new tactics were set. The Confederates had dug trenches. Their was a bloody result for the Union of 12,600 Union casulties. In this battle the North was lead by General Burnside who was replaced after this battle by General Joseph Hooker. The South was lead by General Lee. On Dec. 1862 Fredricksburg, Virigina their was a win for the Confederates.
  • Emancipation Proclamation

    Emancipation Proclamation
    The Proclamation was issued by President Abraham Lincoln. It stated it would free all slaves in the regions of rebellion aganist the Union. This however had a tremendous impact on the public. Because it freed many of the Southern slaves the confederacy weakend. And could also be seen as a military action.
  • Battle of Chancellorsville

    Battle of Chancellorsville
    This battle was a 3 day battle form May 2-4. This battle was the second bloodiest battle in american history. Union lead by John Hooker who was the replacement of Burnside, and the Confederates lead by General Lee. Lee soundly beat the Union army that outnumbered him 2:1. But Union leader Jackson had been shot killed by two confederates. The Confederates had won this battle.
  • Battle of Gettysburg

    Battle of Gettysburg
    In Gettysburg, Pennsylvannia both sides called for reinforcements, and the battle was on. This battle lasted three days. 90,000 Union troops lead by General Meade were moving over the rocky hills. The South commanded by General Lee clashed with 75,000 toops. This battle had 43,000 casulties, and the South would never invade the North again. Which lead to a victorous Union win.
  • Siege of Vicksburg

    Siege of Vicksburg
    This battle was done in Vicksburg, Mississippi. This battle was diffrent though, it wasnt a "who has the most standing left" one. It was a surrendered one. Union lead by General Ulysses S. Grant and Confederate Genral Pemberton. As they battled the Confedracy was running low on food. They ate their mules, dogs, and even rats. It had gotten so bad they had to surrender with a Union win. This was the last major strong hold on the Mississippi river for the Confederacy.
  • Ratifaction of the 13th Amendment

    Ratifaction of the 13th Amendment
    Lincoln urged Congress to try again to end slavery. The Thirteenth Amendment was passed, and stated it would bane slavery and invoulntary servitude in the US. By the end of the year, 27 states, including eight in the South, had ratified the Amendment. From point on slavery was banned form the US permenatly.
  • Siege of Atlanta

    Siege of Atlanta
    This battle was done in Atlanta, Georgia. This was also one of the most important battles, because the Union captured the heart of the South they also launche dthe March of the sea. As both troops marched in the Union was lead by General Sherman who pushed through the deep South to Atlanta and the Antlantic Coast. Battling towards Tennessee, Sherman decieded to go to Atlanta. As they lined up the faced General Hood and his toops. This win came out as a Union win.
  • Surrender at Appomattox Court House

    Surrender at Appomattox Court House
    On April 9, 1865, General Lee and Grant meet up in Virginia to arrange the surrneder if the the Appomattox Court House. Grant offered generous terms of surrender. After the surrender, the Confederates went home in peace, adn the Civil was over. It effects would still continue, however, it changed the country's history forever.
  • Assassination of Abraham Licoln

    Assassination of Abraham Licoln
    President Lincoln was assinated Ford's Theater in Washington DC. During the play, a confedrerate John Wilkes Booth. Lincoln was shot in the back of the head while watching it in the bacolny. Sadly, Booth got away with only a miner broken leg.