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Civil Rights Timeline

  • 13th Amendment

    13th Amendment
    The 13th amendment may be the most well known of all ammendments. This was by Abraham Lincoln and freed all slaves in the north or south. This was the first of the three reconstruction amendments to pass.
  • 14th Amendment

    14th Amendment
    The 14th amendment gave equal protection to all citizens without regards to race, color, or gender. This amendment is still commonly used today to argue for gay rights. This is the second of the three reconstruction amendments.
  • 15th Amendment

    15th Amendment
    The 15th Amendment was the third and final reconstruction amendment. This gave the right to vote regardless of race or color.
  • Literacy Tests

    Literacy Tests
    These tested the literacy of potential citizens and voters. This was used to keep immigrants from gaining citizenship and to keep african americans from voting
  • Plessy vs. Ferguson

    Plessy vs. Ferguson
    The famous court case where "Seperate but equal" was coined
  • Jim Crow

    Jim Crow
    The Jim Crow laws were mainly in the South. It was legal segregation of whites and blacks. "Seperate but equal"
  • 19th Amendment

    19th Amendment
    The 19th Amendment was huge for womens rights. This amendment granted woment the right to vote.
  • Poll Taxes

    Poll Taxes
    Poll taxes were used as de facto to keep people from voting, especially black people. This kept white people in control of polotics in a major way.
  • Sweatt vs. Painter

    Sweatt vs. Painter
    Violated 14th ammendment to not be accepted to Texas Law School because of color.
  • Brown vs. Board of Education

    Brown vs. Board of Education
    Black children were being denied admittance to white schools which violated the 24th amendment. Overturned Plessy v. Ferguson
  • Korrematsu vs. US

    Korrematsu vs. US
    During WW2 they would not let citizens of sparse ancestry stay in critical places in the US. Court said the rights are "overweighed during circumstances at emergency and peril"
  • Montgomery Bus Boycott

    Montgomery Bus Boycott
    This bus boycott was a very large movement in Montgomery Alabama. It was a public protest of the segregation in the busses. It all started with the well known Rosa Parks saying "No."
  • Ruby Bridges

    Ruby Bridges
    Ruby is known for being the first balck student to attend an all white elementary school in the south. She is also known for being in Norman Rockwell's picture "The Problem We All Live With"
  • 24th Amendment

    24th Amendment
    The 24th amendment goes hand in hand with the 15th. It prohibits poll taxing which was used to keep black people from voting.
  • Civil Rights Act of 1964

    Civil Rights Act of 1964
    This act outlawed discrimination by race, color, or gender. This helped many people from blacks to women.
  • Voting Rights Act of 1965

    Voting Rights Act of 1965
    This law prohibits discrimnational voting. This act is thought to be one of the most effective pieces of legislation in the country.
  • Affirmative Action

    Affirmative Action
    Also known as positive discrimination, affirmative action is favoring members of a certain discriminated group.
  • Loving vs. Virginia

    Loving vs. Virginia
    A black woman and white male were put in jail for a year because they married eachother in Virginia. This case overturned the Racial Integrity Act of 1924.
  • Reed vs. Reed

    Reed vs. Reed
    Sally and Cecil Reed had a dead son and Cecil was appionted. Challenged the 14th because they said it cant be based on sex
  • Equal Rights Amendment

    Equal Rights Amendment
    Sec. 1: Equal rights under law shall not be denied by US on any account of sex. This was to strongly empower women, but they were still looked down on by men
  • Cali vs. Bakke

    Cali vs. Bakke
    Black man denied admittance to California med school. Court said it was in violation of the 14th ammendment because it was based on race
  • Bowers vs. Hardwick

    Bowers vs. Hardwick
    This case sated you could not have anal or oral sex for homosexuals. It was a criminal act
  • Americans with Disabilities Act

    Americans with Disabilities Act
    Prohibits discrimination against people with disabilities in employment, transportation, public accomodations etc.
  • Lawrence vs. Garner

    Lawrence vs. Garner
    Two men were walked in on when they were having sex by the police and were arrested. Court said that it was violating the 14th amendment.
  • Fisher vs. Texas

    Fisher vs. Texas
    Univeristy of Texas was taking race into consideration when accepting students. A white girl was denied because she wasnt black and they just wanted the school to be more diverse.
  • Gay rights in Indiana

    Gay rights in Indiana
    Over the summer there was a 3 day span where gay mairrage was legal, but it was overturned shortly after. It has now been ruled in almost every court that it in fact should be legal, and will be appearing in the supreme court once and for all.
  • Robert Kennedy Speech after the death of MLK

    Robert Kennedy Speech after the death of MLK
    Kennedy was the senator of New York at this time. After the death of MLK, he delivered a speech in Indanapolis about what had happened.