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Civil Rights Development

  • Period: to

    Civil Rights Movement

  • Congress banned slave trade

    Congress banned slave trade
    After the expiration of the twenty-year period specified by the Constitution, Congress banned the slave trade.
  • Missouri Compromise of 1820

    This Compromise prohibited slavery north of the geographical boundary at 36 degrees latitude (opposed by South senators). This act allowed Missouri to be admitted to the union as a slave state.
  • American Anti-Slavery Society

    American Anti-Slavery Society
    William Lloyd Garrison founded American Anti-Slavery Society
  • First Women Rights Convention

    Three hundred women and men, including Federick Douglass. Convention was held at Seneca Falls, New York. the call for women suffrage failed.
  • Publication of Uncle Tom's Cabin

    Publication of Uncle Tom's Cabin
    -scathing account of how slaves were mistreated
    -wrote by Wilbur H. Siebert
  • Emancipation Proclamation

    Emancipation Proclamation
    President Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation, which provided that all slaves in states still in active rebellion against the US would be freed automatically. It freed only those who lived in the Confederacy.
  • Passage of Thirteenth Amendment

    banned all forms of "slavery and involuntary servitude"
  • Civil Rights Act of 1866

    invalidate some state Black Code (laws denying most legal rights to newly freed slaves). Andrew Johnson vetoed the legislation, but Congress overrode the veto
  • Passage of Fifteenth Amendment

    guaranteed the right of citizens to vote regardless of their race, color, or previous vondition of servitude. Sex was not mentioned.
  • Formation of National Woman Suffrage Association

    Formation of National Woman Suffrage Association
    Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton formed NWSA
  • Civil Rights Act of 1875

    -grant equal access to public accommodations such as theaters, restaurants, and transportation.
    -prohibited the exclusion of African Americans from jury service
  • Civil Rights Cases

    Supreme Court decided that discrimination in variety of public accomodations could not be prohibited by the act because they are not state discriminations but private discriminations
  • formation of National American Woman Suffrage Association

    formation of National American Woman Suffrage Association
    -Headed by Susan B. Anthony
  • Plessy v. Ferguson

    Spreme Court approved seperate but equal doctrine
  • Formation of National Association for Advancement of Colored People

    a group lead by Oswald Garrison Villard evloved to NAACP
  • Nineteenth Amendment

    Nineteenth Amendment
    guaranteed women the right to vote
  • The NAACP successfully challenged the constitutionality of Jim Crow law school

    Supreme Court ruled that Missouri had failed to meet the separate but equal requirements
  • Brown v. Board of Education

    Supreme Court decided to declare segregation unconstitutional because it violated Equal Protection Clause of Fourteenth Amendment.
  • Brown V. Board of Education II

    Court ruled that racially segregated systems must be dismantled with all deliberate speed
  • Ending of Segregation on bus

    Court ruled that segregation on bus violated Equal Protection Clause of Fourteenth Amendment.
  • Fourmation of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference

    Fourmation of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference
    -lauched by Matin Luther King jR
    -belief : nonviolent protest and civil disobedience
  • Formation of Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC)

  • I Have A Dream speech

    I Have A Dream speech
    -Lincoln Memorial
    -Martin Luther King
  • Assassination of John F. Kennedy

    -Kennedy was a former proponent of civil rights reform
    -Lyndon B. Johnson succeeded
  • Civil Rights Act of 1964

    -outlawed arbitrary discrimination in voter registration
    -piblic accomodations
    -desegregate public facilities and schools
    -withholding of fedral funds for discriminatory state and local programs
    -Equal Employment Opportunity Commission
  • Equal Employment Opportunity Commission

    -failed to enforce the law as to sex discrimination
    -National Organization for Woman(NOW) formed
  • Reed v. Reed

    -equal protection clause of the Fourteenth Amendment prohibited unreasonable classifications based on sex
  • Equal Rights Amendment

    -in pressure from NOW
    -Equal rights under law should not be denied or abridged by the US or by any state on account of sex
  • Craig v. Boren

    -Sex-discrimination would be judged by a new, intermediate standard of review a step below strict scrutiny
  • Passage of Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)

    -veterans convinced Congress to pass the ADA
    -guarantees physical or mental disabilities
    -guarantees access to public facilities, employment, and communication services