After the expiration of the twenty-year period specified by the Constitution, Congress banned the slave trade.
Missouri Compromise of 1820
This Compromise prohibited slavery north of the geographical boundary at 36 degrees latitude (opposed by South senators). This act allowed Missouri to be admitted to the union as a slave state.
American Anti-Slavery Society
William Lloyd Garrison founded American Anti-Slavery Society
First Women Rights Convention
Three hundred women and men, including Federick Douglass. Convention was held at Seneca Falls, New York. the call for women suffrage failed.
Publication of Uncle Tom's Cabin
-scathing account of how slaves were mistreated
-wrote by Wilbur H. Siebert
President Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation, which provided that all slaves in states still in active rebellion against the US would be freed automatically. It freed only those who lived in the Confederacy.
Passage of Thirteenth Amendment
banned all forms of "slavery and involuntary servitude"
Civil Rights Act of 1866
invalidate some state Black Code (laws denying most legal rights to newly freed slaves). Andrew Johnson vetoed the legislation, but Congress overrode the veto
Passage of Fifteenth Amendment
guaranteed the right of citizens to vote regardless of their race, color, or previous vondition of servitude. Sex was not mentioned.
Formation of National Woman Suffrage Association
Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton formed NWSA
Civil Rights Act of 1875
-grant equal access to public accommodations such as theaters, restaurants, and transportation.
-prohibited the exclusion of African Americans from jury service
Civil Rights Cases
Supreme Court decided that discrimination in variety of public accomodations could not be prohibited by the act because they are not state discriminations but private discriminations
formation of National American Woman Suffrage Association
-Headed by Susan B. Anthony
Plessy v. Ferguson
Spreme Court approved seperate but equal doctrine
Formation of National Association for Advancement of Colored People
a group lead by Oswald Garrison Villard evloved to NAACP
guaranteed women the right to vote
The NAACP successfully challenged the constitutionality of Jim Crow law school
Supreme Court ruled that Missouri had failed to meet the separate but equal requirements
Brown v. Board of Education
Supreme Court decided to declare segregation unconstitutional because it violated Equal Protection Clause of Fourteenth Amendment.
Brown V. Board of Education II
Court ruled that racially segregated systems must be dismantled with all deliberate speed
Ending of Segregation on bus
Court ruled that segregation on bus violated Equal Protection Clause of Fourteenth Amendment.
Fourmation of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference
-lauched by Matin Luther King jR
-belief : nonviolent protest and civil disobedience
Formation of Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC)
I Have A Dream speech
-Martin Luther King
Assassination of John F. Kennedy
-Kennedy was a former proponent of civil rights reform
-Lyndon B. Johnson succeeded
Civil Rights Act of 1964
-outlawed arbitrary discrimination in voter registration
-desegregate public facilities and schools
-withholding of fedral funds for discriminatory state and local programs
-Equal Employment Opportunity Commission
Equal Employment Opportunity Commission
-failed to enforce the law as to sex discrimination
-National Organization for Woman(NOW) formed
Reed v. Reed
-equal protection clause of the Fourteenth Amendment prohibited unreasonable classifications based on sex
Equal Rights Amendment
-in pressure from NOW
-Equal rights under law should not be denied or abridged by the US or by any state on account of sex
Craig v. Boren
-Sex-discrimination would be judged by a new, intermediate standard of review a step below strict scrutiny
Passage of Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)
-veterans convinced Congress to pass the ADA
-guarantees physical or mental disabilities
-guarantees access to public facilities, employment, and communication services