Civil Rights 1861-1950

  • Uncle Tom's Cabin

    Uncle Tom's Cabin
    Harriet Beecher Stowe wrote "Uncle Tom's Cabin" in 1852. This book was an account to slavery, and made a huge impact in society because it was the first widely known book written by a women. It was used in the abolition movement and the book soon became a household name.
  • Civil War Begins

    Civil War Begins
    The American Civil War occured when several southern states seceeded from the United States of America
  • Emancipation Proclamation

    Emancipation Proclamation
    The Emancipation Proclamation was an order issued to all Executive Branches by Abraham Lincoln; It freed all slaves in That Conderate States of America
  • Civil Rights Act of 1866

    Civil Rights Act of 1866
    The Civil Rights Act, a bill that granted African-Americans citizenship and equal rights, was passed by Congress. It did not offer any penalties, and was ultimately ineffective.
  • Civil War Ends

    Civil War Ends
    On this date, President Andrew Johnson signed The "Proclamation—Declaring that Peace, Order, Tranquillity, and Civil Authority Now Exists in and Throughout the Whole of the United States of America".
  • 14th Amendment passed

    14th Amendment passed
    ". All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside. No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws."
  • 15th Amendment passed

    15th Amendment passed
    The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.
  • Exodus of 1879

    Exodus of 1879
    Thousands of African Americans emigrate from the Former confedrecy to the New western territories to escape oppresion. Benjamin "Pap" Singleton, a former slave, was a leader of the "Exodus of '79."
  • First "Jim Crow" laws

    First "Jim Crow" laws
    The first "Jim Crow" laws are passed in Tenesee. these laws aloowed segregation of White and Colored facilities.
  • Civil Rights Act struck down

    Civil Rights Act struck down
    The Supreme Court ruled on the Civil Right Cases.vThe supreme court ruled that the Civil Rights act of 1875 was unconstitutional. This action set back civil rights by several years.
  • Plessy vs. Ferguson

    Plessy vs. Ferguson
    In this case, the Supreme Court ruled that "Seperate but equal" facilities were legal, providing a legal precedent for segregation. This stood until it was overturned in 1954 by "Brown vs. Board of Education"
  • Great Migration Starts

    Great Migration Starts
    The Great Migration was a period of time when African Americans moved to Northern Cities . Millions of African Americans will have migrated North by the 1960s.
  • Harlem Rennaisance

    Harlem Rennaisance
    It was a cultural movement during the 1920's that helped to change America. It introduced some of the first widespread african american authors. It also helped to lay the groundwork for the civil rights movements in the 50's
  • Executive Order 9981 passed

    Executive Order 9981 passed
    Executive Order 9981 allowed all races to serve in the armed forces, effectively desegragating the military.
  • Brown vs. Board of Education

    Brown vs. Board of Education
    This unanimous decisionof the Supreme Court declared that segragation of schools is unconstitutional. It also overturned the verdict of an earlier case,Plessy v. Ferguson, which ordered "seperate but equal" facilities. This paved the way for future desegragation.