Causes of WW2

  • Treaty of Versailles

    Treaty of Versailles
  • Mussolini becomes the leader

    Mussolini becomes the leader
    Thousands of fascist supporters of Mussolini marched through Rome demanding power. King Emmanual refused to sign the decree for martial law which led to Facta’s resignation. Emmanual appointed Mussolini as Prime Minister and gave him dictatorial powers.
  • Hitler tries to seize power and goes to jail

    Hitler tries to seize power and goes to jail
    Hitler tries to follow Mussolini’s example and leads the Beer Hall Putch. He was defeated in a street battle and was convicted with treason.
  • Hitler becomes Chancellor

    Hitler becomes Chancellor
  • Invasion of Ethiopia

    Invasion of Ethiopia
    Mussolini was interested in annexing Ethiopia since he came to power, and he eventually did, but the Abyssinians never surrendered to the Italian forces.
  • Militarizing the Rhineland

    Militarizing the Rhineland
    Germany remilitarized the Rhineland for the first time since WW1. This action violated the Treaty of Versailles.
  • Invasion of China

    Invasion of China
    The Japanese were better armed and trained than the Chinese army. They were also much more brutal. They invaded the north first and worked their way south. Many countries except for the Soviet Union were reluctant to supply their war in fear of disrupting their relations with Japan.
  • The Anschluss

    The Anschluss
    The Anschluss was the annexation of Austria into Nazi Germany. Germany sent troops into Austria to enforce the Anschluss. This went against the Treaty of Versailles because there was to be no union between Germany and Austria.
  • Munich Conference

    Munich Conference
    The Munich conference is a meeting with the leaders of the world. They met in 1938 because Hitler was demanding the possession of the Sudetenland in Czechoslovakia. It contained the Czech border fortifications, heavy industry, and 3 million Germans. Britain’s Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain tried to talk him out of it, but Hitler wouldn’t back down. So instead, Chamberlain tried to follow the policy of appeasement, in hopes that it would stop Hitler’s demands. Czechoslovakia wasn’t invited to
  • Invasion of Czechoslovakia

    Invasion of Czechoslovakia
    After Germany annexed the Sudetenland, it left the rest of Czechoslovakia weak and defenseless. Soon German troops began occupying the rest of the country.
  • Civil war in Spain, Franco comes to power

    Civil war in Spain, Franco comes to power
    Republicans and Fascist clashed together in a civil war. The Republic gained limited help from the Soviet Union and Hitler, and after the Nationalists won, Hitler helped Franco come to power.
  • Nonaggression pact with Soviet Union and Germany

    Nonaggression pact with Soviet Union and Germany
    Hitler began prepping for war, so to avoid fighting on both fronts, which was a major problem for Germany during WW1, he made the Soviet-Nazi non-aggression pact to avoid fighting on the eastern front.
  • Invasion of Poland

    Invasion of Poland
  • Invasion of Manchuria

    Invasion of Manchuria
    Japan invaded Manchuria and turned it into a puppet state of Manchukuo until the end of WW2.
  • Tripartite Pact

    Tripartite Pact
    This was an alliance between Japan, Nazi Germany, and fascist Italy. It made it so that these three countries would help each other with all political, economic, and military means if one country is attacked for the next 10 years. Pacts like these were the major causes of WW1 and WW2 because it brought multiple countries into conflict.