Brief Non-Exhaustive History of the Jewish Civil Rights Movement in the United States

  • Immigration from Eastern Europe

    Immigration from Eastern Europe
    Between 1881 and 1920, approximately 3 million Ashkenazi Jews from Eastern Europe immigrated to America, many of them fleeing pogroms and the difficult economic conditions which were widespread in much of Eastern Europe during this time.
  • Antisemitic Political Cartoon

    Antisemitic Political Cartoon
    An antisemitic political cartoon in an issue of "Sound Money" magazine which appeared in 1896. "This is the U.S. in the Hands of the Jews", portraying Uncle Sam being crucified like Jesus. Two figures labeled "Wall Street Pirates" with caricatured Jewish features poke him with a spear and raise a poisoned sponge to his lips. The tub of poison is labeled "Debt", the poisoned sponge "Interest on Bonds", and the spear "Single Gold Standard".
  • Immigration from Eastern Europe Cont.

    Between 1900 and 1924, approximately 1.75 million Jews immigrated to America's shores, the bulk from Eastern Europe. Where before 1900, American Jews never amounted even to 1 percent of America's total population, by 1930 Jews formed about 3½ percent.
  • American Jewish Committee

    The American Jewish Committee (AJC) was established in 1906 to safeguard the welfare and security of Jews worldwide.[1] It is one of the oldest Jewish advocacy organizations in the United States and has been described by the New York Times as "widely regarded as the dean of American Jewish organizations".
  • "Jew Jokes"

    "Jew Jokes"
    Cover of Jew Jokes, (Cleveland: Arthur Westbrook Company) 1908
  • Beginning of World War I

    With the entry of the United States into World War I, Jews were targeted by antisemites as "slackers" and "war-profiteers" responsible for many of the ills of the country. For example, a U.S. Army manual published for war recruits stated that, "The foreign born, and especially Jews, are more apt to malinger than the native-born."
  • Lynching of Leo Frank

    Lynching of Leo Frank
    In 1913, a Jew in Atlanta named Leo Frank was convicted for the rape and murder of Mary Phagan, a 13-year-old Christian girl in his employ. Frank was sentenced to death but Governor Slaton, convinced by a review of the evidence that Frank was innocent, commuted the sentence to life imprisonment. As a result of public outrage over this act, a Georgia mob kidnapped Frank from prison and lynched him.
  • American Jewish Congress Founded