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Biotechnolgy Time Line

  • 100,000 BCE

    Bread

    Bread
    Earliest form of bread was created and recorded in writing
  • 8000 BCE

    Wine

    Wine
    Earliest known production of wine is dated to 10 thousand years ago, in an ancient region of Colchis (modern day Georgia). 7000 BC - Another possible birthplace of wine is speculated to be in China.
  • 8000 BCE

    Cheese

    Cheese
    Earliest proposed dates for the origin of cheese making range back to 8,000 BC when sheep were first domesticated
  • 6000 BCE

    Yogurt

    Yogurt
    Most historical accounts attribute yogurt to the Neolithic peoples of Central Asia around 6000 B.C.. Herdsmen began the practice of milking their animals, and the natural enzymes in the carrying containers (animal stomachs) curdled the milk, essentially making yogurt.
  • 5000 BCE

    Vinegar

    Vinegar
    Vinegar is a liquid consisting of about 5–20% acetic acid, water, and trace chemicals that may include flavorings. Acetic acid is produced by the fermentation of ethanol by acetic acid bacteria. Vinegar is now mainly used as a cooking ingredient, or in pickling.
  • 1800 BCE

    Beer

    Beer
    A “Hymn to Ninkasi,” the Sumerian goddess of beer, is inscribed on a tablet, about 4,000 years after men first leave evidence of brewing activity.
  • 600 BCE

    Bio remediation

    Bio remediation
    Bioremediation was first discovered around 600 BC by the Romans. Although their versions of the process aren't as developed as today's, they were still able to use it. They used bioremediation to clean their waste water. Much later, in the 1960's, bio-remediation was officially invented by George Robinson.
  • 300 BCE

    Wastewater Treatment

    Wastewater Treatment
    After 500 BC, Hippocrates discovered the healing powers of water. He invented the practice of sieving water, and obtained the first bag filter, which was called the 'Hippocratic sleeve'. The main purpose of the bag was to trap sediments that caused bad tastes or odours. In 300-200 BC, Rome built its first aqueducts.
  • 1000

    Vaccine

    Vaccine
    In early China there were many recorded cases of diagnosing and treating small pox
  • Artificial Insemination

    Artificial Insemination
    The first successful attempt in animal artificial insemination was by Lazzaro Spallanzani. He preformed the operation on dogs
  • Cloning

    Cloning
    made famous as the "cloned sheep" made in the 1990s. But Dolly was a century late when it came to cloning. The first animal ever cloned was in the 1800s. Hear a tale of cloned animals, scientific discovery, and baby hair.Jul 7, 2012
  • Gregor Mendel

    Gregor Mendel
    Gregor Johann Mendel was a scientist, Augustinian friar and abbot of St. Thomas' Abbey in Brno, Margraviate of Moravia. Mendel was born in a German-speaking family in the Silesian part of the Austrian Empire and gained posthumous recognition as the founder of the modern science of genetics
  • Louis Pasteur

    Louis Pasteur
    Louis Pasteur was a French biologist, microbiologist and chemist renowned for his discoveries of the principles of vaccination, microbial fermentation and pasteurization. He is remembered for his remarkable breakthroughs in the causes and prevention of diseases, and his discoveries have saved many lives ever since.
  • Enzyme

    Enzyme
    French chemist Anselme Payen was the first to discover an enzyme,
  • William Beal

    William Beal
    William James Beal was an American botanist. He was a pioneer in the development of hybrid corn and the founder of the W. J. Beal Botanical Garden.
  • Fermentation

    Fermentation
    Fermentation was discovered in 1857 and used in beverages and foods
  • Yeast

    Yeast
    Yeast can be dated back almost 5,000 years ago and is is considered one of the oldest microorganisms the Earth has discovered. Yeast took a huge turn in 1857 when the Fermentation process was discovered
  • Genetics

    Genetics
    In 1866 and unknown monk was the first t o recognize the process of passing down genes
  • Genes

    Genes
    In biology, a gene is a sequence of DNA or RNA that codes for a molecule that has a function. During gene expression, the DNA is first copied into RNA. The RNA can be directly functional or be the intermediate template for a protein that performs a function
  • plant breeding

    plant breeding
    Plant breeding can date back to almost 11,000 years ago but became very popular in the 1900s
  • Francis Crick

    Francis Crick
    Francis Harry Compton Crick OM FRS was a British molecular biologist, biophysicist, and neuroscientist, most noted for being a co-discoverer of the structure of the DNA molecule in 1953 with James Watson.
  • Antibiotics

    Antibiotics
    In 1921 Sir Alexander Fleming discovered enzyme lysosomes and created penicillin in 1928
  • Insulin

    Insulin
    Insulin is a peptide hormone produced by beta cells of the pancreatic islets; it is considered to be the main anabolic hormone of the body.
  • James Watson

    James Watson
    ames Dewey Watson is an American molecular biologist, geneticist and zoologist, best known as one of the co-discoverers of the structure of DNA in 1953 with Francis Crick and Rosalind Franklin
  • Green Revolution

    Green Revolution
    a large increase in crop production in developing countries achieved by the use of fertilizers, pesticides, and high-yield crop varieties.The Green Revolution, or Third Agricultural Revolution, refers to a set of research and the development of technology transfer initiatives occurring between 1950 and the late 1960s, that increased agricultural production worldwide, particularly in the developing world, beginning most markedly in the late 1960s.
  • DNA

    DNA
    In reality, DNA was discovered decades before. It was by following the work of the pioneers before them that James and Francis were able to come to their ground-breaking conclusion about the structure of DNA in 1953
  • Bt Cotton

    Bt Cotton
    Bt cotton has been genetically modified by the insertion of one or more genes from a common soil bacterium, Bacillus thuringiensis. These genes encode for the production of insecticidal proteins, and thus, genetically transformed plants produce one or more toxins as they grow.
  • Genetic Engineering

    Genetic Engineering
    Genetically modified crops are plants used in agriculture, the DNA of which has been modified using genetic engineering methods. In most cases, the aim is to introduce a new trait to the plant which does not occur naturally in the species.
  • Trans genetic Plants

    Trans genetic Plants
    In 1987, Plant Genetic Systems (Ghent, Belgium), founded by Marc Van Montagu and Jeff Schell, was the first company to genetically engineer insect-resistant (tobacco) plants by incorporating genes that produced insecticidal proteins from Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt).
  • Flavr- Savr-Tomato

    Flavr- Savr-Tomato
    Flavr Savr, a genetically modified tomato, was the first commercially grown genetically engineered food to be granted a license for human consumption. It was produced by the Californian company Calgene, and submitted to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration in 1992
  • In Vitro Culture

    In Vitro Culture
    The technique or process of maintaining or cultivating cells or tissues derived from a living organism in a culture medium. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration approves the use of commercial in-vitro meat production in 1995, 1999 Willem van Eelen secures the first patent for in vitro meat.[2]
  • Roundup Ready

    Roundup Ready
    Monsanto introduced genetically modified Roundup Ready soybeans that were resistant to Roundup. The first crops introduced were soybeans, followed by corn in 1998.
  • Golden Rice

    Golden Rice
    The First Generation. The first breakthrough in the development of Golden Rice was the result of a collaboration between Peter Beyer and Ingo Potrykus, and was obtained around Easter 1999 (Ye et al., 2000). This paper provided the proof that β-carotene could be produced in the rice grain.