Battles and Events of the Civil War

  • 1st Battle of Manassas

    1st Battle of Manassas
    Confederacy - P. G. T. Beauregard, Stonewall Jackson, Joseph E. Johnston
    Union - Winfield Scott, Irvin McDowell, Robert Patterson Casualties:
    Confederacy - 1,982
    Union - 2,708 Outcome:
    Confederate victory
    Union feared a Confederate advance Significance:
    Marked the beginning of major battles in the Civil War
  • Battle of Shiloh

    Battle of Shiloh
    Confederacy - Albert Sidney Johnston, P. G. T. Beauregard
    Union - Ulysses S. Grant, Don Carlos Buell Casualties:
    Confederacy - 10,699
    Union - 13,047 Outcome:
    Union victory
    Heavy casualties for both sides
    Grant criticized for poor leadership during battle Significance:
    Significant victory for the Union in the south, marked their push south
  • Seven Days Battles

    Seven Days Battles
    Confederacy - Robert E. Lee
    Union - George B. McClellan Casualties:
    Confederacy - between 20,050–20,100
    Union - 15,849 Outcome:
    Confederate victory
    Confederate morale rose greatly while Union morale plummeted Significance:
    Confederates regained control of the area near the Potomac, repelled the Union from invading for a while
  • 2nd Battle of Manassas

    2nd Battle of Manassas
    Confederacy - Robert E. Lee
    Union - John Pope Casualties:
    Confederacy - 7,298
    Union - 14,462 Outcome:
    Confederate victory
    Significant Union casualties favored the Confederates Significance:
    Allowed Robert E. Lee to begin the Maryland Campaign
  • Battle of Antietam

    Battle of Antietam
    Confederacy - Robert E. Lee
    Union - George B. McClellan Casualties:
    Confederacy - 12,051
    Union - 12,410 Outcome:
    Inconclusive victor
    Arguable strategic victory for the Union Significance:
    Allowed Lincoln to issue the Emancipation Proclamation
    Ended Lee's first attempt of invading the north
  • Siege of Vicksburg

    Siege of Vicksburg
    Confederacy - John C. Pemberton
    Union - Ulysses Grant Casualties
    Confederacy - 32,697
    Union - 4,835 Outcome:
    Union victory
    Fall of Vicksburg into Union control Significance:
    Marked the completion of the Anaconda Plan
    Allowed Union access to the Mississippi
  • Battle of Gettysburg

    Battle of Gettysburg
    Confederacy - Robert E. Lee, James Longstreet, Richard S. Ewell, A.P. Hill, J.E.B. Stuart
    Union - George G. Meade, John F. Reynolds, Winfield S. Hancock, and more Casualties:
    Confederacy - est. 23,000–28,000
    Union - 23,049 Outcome:
    Union victory
    Heavy casualties on both sides (bloodiest battle of the war) Significance:
    Pickett's Charge marks the turning point of the war into Union favor
  • Sherman's March to the Sea

    Sherman's March to the Sea
    Confederacy - William Hardee, Joseph Wheeler
    Union: William T. Sherman Casualties:
    Unknown, but many homes, farms, and other infrastructure destroyed Outcome:
    Weakening of Confederate supply lines, destruction of Georgian infrastructure Significance:
    Nail in the coffin for Confederacy, important in the reconstruction
  • Siege of Petersburg

    Siege of Petersburg
    Confederacy - Robert E. Lee, P.G.T. Beauregard
    Union - Ulysses Grant, George Meade, Benjamin Butler Casualties:
    Confederacy - 28,000
    Union - 42,000 Outcome:
    Union victory Significance:
    Led into the Appomattox Campaign, which would end in the surrender of the Confederacy
  • Battle of Appomattox Courthouse

    Battle of Appomattox Courthouse
    Confederacy - Robert E. Lee, Henry L. Benning, John Gordon
    Union - Ulysses Grant, Thomas M. Harris, George G. Meade, Philip Sheridan, Edward O.C. Ord Casualties:
    Confederacy - 195
    Union - 164 Outcome:
    Union victory, surrender of the Army of Northern Virginia Signifiance:
    De facto end of the war