Fort SumterVictorious side: Confederacy because all of the 60 cannons pointed to sea and Union soldiers were starving and were evacuated. 1 Union casualty. Fort was reduced to rubble.
First Bull RunConfederate Victory
Managed to break Union line
McDowell of the Union retreated his forces
Hampton RoadsConfederate Victory
The Virginia (Confederate) fought the Monitor (Union)
Virginia disabled the Monitor
First battle ship war in the Civil War
Lee:38,000 lost 10,318. McCellan: 75,000 lost 12,401
Union broke Confederate front
Justification of the Emancipation Proclamation
Peninsula CampaignConfederacy Victory. Lee of 92,000, McClellan of 100,000. McCellan ordered retreat though outnumbering his enemies. Heavily effected Nothern Morale.
SpotsylvaniaEnded on May 20th
Grant looked for weak spots in Confederate Lines and failed doing so.
VicksburgEnded July 4th
Grant continued to attack the Stronghold of Vicksburg for a long time
Confederate troops were low on ammunition and starving
Turning point in War for the North
Second Bull RunConfederate Victory
Union Porter Defied Popes orders and cost many union troops' lives
Frightened Union nation
Franklin on the Union side failed to send 50,000 more troops to help
Union forces were destroyed by Confederate batteries
Crushing defeat for the Union
ChancellorsvilleEnded on May 6, 1863
Union Casualties:17,278, Confederate: 12,826
Known as General Lee's greatest victory
GettysburgEnded July 3, 1863
Lee planned to invade the North, failing
Confederate casualties:28,000 Union casualties:23,000
Lee asked to resign but President Jefferson Davis of the South refused
Turned the tide of the Civil War to the Northern side
Confederacy bust through a gap in the Union lines
Grant reversed the results of the battle in Chattanooga.
Gettysburg AddressLincoln reminded a the Public why the Union had to fight and win the Civil War.
Dedication to those7,500 who fell in battle.
Battle of the WildernessEnded on May 7th, 1864
No matter what happened Grant would not retreat.
Union troops thought they were in retreat until they saw Grant in front.
Boosted Union Morale
Petersburg Campaignended April 1 1865
Lee greatly outnumbered 50,000 against Grants army of 120,000
Evactuation of the Confederate troops was processed
Mobile BayUnion Victory
Union fleet destroyed a Confederate blockade led by Admiral David Farragut
Led by General Sherman, He and his troops destroyed factories,farms and other things that helped the Confederacy
Lowered Confederate Morale
Lincoln's AssassinationKilled by John Wilkes Booth
Killed during the production of Our American Cousin
John shot his .44-caliber single-shot derringer into the back of Lincoln's head.
Booth was shot in the neck by a soldier
Union forces cut off Lee's retreat and forced Lee to surrender
The End of the Civil War