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APUSH Unit 7 (1890-1945) Progressive Era

  • Eugene V. Debs

    Eugene V. Debs
    Head of the American Railway Union and director of the Pullman strike; he was imprisoned along with his associates for ignoring a federal court injunction to stop striking. While in prison, he read Socialist literature and emerged as a Socialist leader in America.
  • John Dewey

    John Dewey
    Father of progressive education, was a philosopher who believed in "learning by doing" which formed the foundation of progressive education.
  • Women's Christian Temperance Union

    Women's Christian Temperance Union
    organization advocated for the prohibition of alcohol, using women's supposedly greater purity and morality as a rallying point. Advocates of prohibition in the United States found common cause with activists elsewhere, especially in Britain, and in the 1880s they founded the World Women's Christian Temperance Union, which sent missionaries around the world to spread the gospel of temperance.
  • Interstate Commerce Act

    Interstate Commerce Act
    Regulate the railroad interstate. Railroad prices must be "reasonable and just"
  • Sherman Antitrust Act

    Sherman Antitrust Act
    Act would restrict trade, government slowly moving away from Laissez fair.
  • Ida B. Wells

    Ida B. Wells
    African American journalist. published statistics about lynching, urged African Americans to protest by refusing to ride streetcars or shop in white owned store.
  • National American Woman Suffrage Association

    National American Woman Suffrage Association
    The parent organization of hundreds of smaller local and state groups, and by helping to pass woman suffrage legislation at the state and local level. The NAWSA was the largest and most important suffrage organization in the United States, and was the primary promoter of women's right to vote.
  • How the Other Half Lives

    How the Other Half Lives
    A book by John Riis that told the public about the lives of the immigrants and those who live in the tenements. Jacob's article in Scribner's Magazine became a best-selling book. Riis's fame helped home press the city to improve living conditions for the poor and to build parks and schools.
  • Anti-Saloon League

    Anti-Saloon League
    The most successful political action group that forced the prohibition issue into the forefront of state and local elections and pioneered the strategy of the single-issue pressure group.
  • Anthracite Coal Strike

    Anthracite Coal Strike
    Theodore Roosevelt compromised 10% pay increase of a 9 hour day.
  • Lincoln Steffens

    Lincoln Steffens
    New York reporter launched a series of articles in McClure's entitled "The Shame of the Cities." He fearlessly unmasked the corrupt alliance between big business and municipal government
  • Northern Securities Antitrust

    Northern Securities Antitrust
    Roosevelt attacked the Northern Securities Company, a railroad holding company organized by financial titan J. P. Morgan and empire builder James J. Hill (they had sought to achieve a virtual monopoly of the railroads in the Northwest); Court held up Roosevelt's antitrust suit and ordered the company to be dissolved; the decision jolted Wall Street and angered big business but greatly enhanced Roosevelt's reputation as a trust smasher.
  • Ida Tarbell

    Ida Tarbell
    the quiet spinster who published a devastating but factual expose of the Standard Oil Company in McClure's.
  • Elkins Act

    Elkins Act
    Aimed primarily at the rebate evil; heavy fines could now be imposed both on the railroads that gave rebates and on the shippers that accepted them.
  • Department of Commerce and Labor

    Department of Commerce and Labor
    Concerned with controlling the excesses of big business.
  • Pure Food and Drug Act

    Pure Food and Drug Act
    The first law to regulate manufacturing of food and medicines; prohibited dangerous additives and inaccurate labeling.
  • Meant Inspection Act

    Meant Inspection Act
    The Jungle - working conditions and food quality
    "I aimed for their heart and i hit them in the gut". Meat inspection act.
  • The Jungles

    The Jungles
    Upped the interest in safer canned food products. Intended to focus on the plight of the workers, but readers were more concerned with food sanitation; caused Roosevelt to appoint a special investigating commission and then to pass the Meat Inspection Act
  • Square Deal Policy

    Square Deal Policy
    the nickname for Theodore Roosevelt's reformist campaign for control of corporations, consumer protection, and conservation of natural resources
  • Triangle Shirtwaist Fire

    Triangle Shirtwaist Fire
    146 garment workers died in a fire because the sweatshop owners locked doors to keep workers in and union organizers out. This led to shorter work weeks for women and minors, and the abolition of labor for those under the age of 14.
  • Progressive (Bull Moose) Party

    Progressive (Bull Moose) Party
    Nickname for the new Progressive Party, which was formed to support Roosevelt in the election.
  • 17th Amendment

    17th Amendment
    Established that senators were to be elected directly. This law was intended to create a more democratic, fair society.
  • Underwood Tariff

    Underwood Tariff
    Congressional measure to provide the a substantial reduction of rates, and the first ever implementation of a graduated income tax on incomes $3000+
  • Federal Reserve Act

    Federal Reserve Act
    Act of Congress that created and established the Federal Reserve System.
  • Clayton Antitrust Act

    Clayton Antitrust Act
    New antitrust legislation constructed to remedy deficiencies of the Sherman Antitrust Act, namely, it's effectiveness against labor unions
  • Federal Trade Commision

    Federal Trade Commision
    Established to preserve competition by preventing unfair business practices and investigate complaints against companies.
  • Keating-Owen Child Labor Act

    Keating-Owen Child Labor Act
    Ended child labor, and ended selling products made from child labor.It was signed by Woodrow Wilson. Also gave congress the responsibility of regulating interstate commerce.
  • 18th Amendment

    18th Amendment
    The Amendment that banned the manufacture, sale, or transportation of alcohol.
  • 19th Amendment

    19th Amendment
    Established that no citizen can be denied the right to vote on account of sex. Granted women the ability to vote.
  • Margret Sanger

    Margret Sanger
    American leader of the movement to legalize birth control during the early 1900's. As a nurse in the poor sections of New York City, she had seen the suffering caused by unwanted pregnancy.
  • Robert M. La Follette

    Robert M. La Follette
    Progressive Wisconsin governor who attacked machine politics and pressured the state legislature to require each party to hold a direct primary. Nicknamed Mr. Progressive!