apollo 8Launched: 21 December 1968
Lunar Orbit: 24 December 1968
Returned to Earth: 27 December 1968 Frank Borman, commander
James A. Lovell, command module pilot
William A. Anders, lunar module pilot
apollo 10Launched: 18 May 1969
Lunar Orbit: 21 May 1969
Returned to Earth: 26 May 1969 Thomas P. Stafford, commander
John W. Young, command module pilot
Eugene A. Cernan, lunar module pilot
apollo 11Launched: 16 July 1969
Landed on Moon: 20 July 1969 .
Returned to Earth: 24 July 1969 Neil A. Armstrong, commander
Michael Collins, command module pilot
Edwin E. Aldrin, Jr., lunar module pilot
apollo 12Apollo 12, the second manned mission to land on the Moon, was planned and executed as a precision landing. The astronauts landed the Lunar Module within walking distance of the Surveyor III spacecraft which had landed on the Moon in April of 1967. The astronauts brought instruments from Surveyor III back to Earth to examine the effects of long-term exposure to the lunar environment.
Apollo 13Apollo 13 was to be the third mission to land on the Moon. An explosion in one of the oxygen tanks crippled the spacecraft during flight and the crew were forced to orbit the Moon and return to the Earth without landing.
apollo 15Apollo 15 was the fourth mission to land men on the Moon. This mission was the first flight of the Lunar Roving Vehicle which astronauts used to explore the geology of the Hadley Rille/Apennine region. The LRV allowed Apollo 15, 16 and 17 astronauts to venture further from the Lunar Module than in previous missions. Total surface traverses increased from hundreds of meters during earlier missions to tens of kilometers during Apollo 15 and 16 and just over 100 kilometers during Apollo 17.
apollo 16Apollo 16 was the fifth mission to land men on the moon and return them to Earth. It was also the second flight of the Lunar Roving Vehicle. Apollo 16 landed in a highlands area, a region not yet explored on the Moon. Astronauts collected samples, took photographs and conducted experiments that included the first use of an ultraviolet camera/spectrograph on the Moon.
apollo 17Launched: 7 December 1972 UT 05:33:00 (12:33:00 a.m. EST)
Landed on Moon: 11 December 1972 UT 19:54:57 (02:54:57 p.m. EST)
Landing Site: Taurus-Littrow (20.19 N, 30.77 E)
Returned to Earth: 19 December 1972 UT 19:24:59 (02:24:59 p.m. EST)
space marathon,usaThree US astronauts have returned safely to Earth after a record-breaking stay in space.
first european space missionThe first European-built rocket, Ariane 1, has successfully completed its maiden flight.
first woman to go in spaceAmerica's first woman in space has returned safely to Earth in the Challenger space shuttle after a successful six-day flight.
american disaster leaves 7 deadThe American space shuttle, Challenger, has exploded killing all seven astronauts on board.
voyager space craft reaches neptuneThe unmanned Voyager 2 spacecraft has sent back the first close-up pictures of Neptune and its satellite planets.