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Animal Testing Through the Ages

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    Animal Testing Through the Ages

  • The first Animal Protection Laws in the British Parliament

    1822 – the first animal protection law was enacted in the British Parliament (Cruel Treatment of Cattle Act) to prevent cruel and unnecessary treatment of cattle. it was an initial attempt to place parameters and consequences around poor treatment of animals.
  • Bronze Dog Statue

    Bronze Dog Statue
    1906 – a bronze statue of a dog used in experiments was erected in Battersea Park, London as tribute by the staff and students of University College in London.
  • 1930's Animals Feel No Pain

    1930's Animals Feel No Pain
    From the 3rd century B.C.E. through to teh 1930's it was thought that animals did not even fell pain. Animal and humans alike were used for experimental testing. Some of tests help to make great srtides in the treatment of Malaria, Diptheria, and Diabetes.
  • Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act 1938

    Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act 1938
    Animal testing on cosmetics is still a relatively new concept, given that this type of testing only began in the first quarter of the twentieth century. After an incident where a woman's personal use of a mascara darkener went awry, leaving her with burning eyes and ultimately - blindness - the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) passed the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act in 1938
  • Replace, Reduce and Refine the use of animal testing

    The Principles of Humane Experimental Technique by W.M.S. Russell and Rex Burch is published. This is the birth of the modern 3Rs movement (replace, reduce, refine the use of animals).
  • Dogs used as research animals

    Dogs used as research animals
    Biomedical research as a field became recognised, supported and funded, creating a demand for research animals.
  • Mice Bred for Biomedical Testing

    Mice Bred for Biomedical Testing
    The public outcry against expermental biomedical testing on dogs forced the medical establishement to starting using purpose bred mice for testing purposes.
  • Activists Become Violent

    Activists Become Violent
    From the mid 1970's until now animal activists became increasingly violent. They were particularly focused on animals used for cosmetic testing.
    During this period vaccines for Polio, Leukemia and Smallpox were developed.
    During this period advancements in in vitro fertilisation and treatments for HIV/AIDs were developed.
  • Eye Irritancy Testing

    Henry Spira launches efforts against the Draize Test, targeting cosmetics giant Revlon. The Draize Test measures eye irritancy by placing substances in rabbits’ eyes and observing adverse effects.
  • Testing Funding

    Johns Hopkins University’s Center for Alternatives to Animal Testing is established with a $1 million grant.
  • Alternative Methods

    European Center for the Validation of Alternative Methods (ECVAM) is formed.
  • World Congress on Alternatives and Animal Use

    The 1st World Congress on Alternatives and Animal Use in the Life Sciences is held in Baltimore, MD.
  • Website Launch for Alternatives to Animal Testing

    CAAT’s Altweb, the Alternatives to Animal Testing Website, is launched
  • European Law Bans Animal Testing

    The European Union law goes into effect banning animal testing of finished cosmetic products and the sale of animal tested finished products.
  • Protections Laws Extended

    The EU cosmetics testing law now extends its ban to animal testing of cosmetic ingredients, as well as the marketing of cosmetic products whose ingredients have been tested on animals on or after March 11.