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American History Timeline

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    Congress Declares War on Spain

    Congress Declares War on Spain
    America had been sympathizing with Cuba, as they were under Spanish rule and wanted their freedom. After the sinking of the USS Maine, and the push from yellow journalism, America finally declared war. The war was very short, and America ended up gaining new territories and was seen as a true world power.
  • Discovery of Gold in California

    Discovery of Gold in California
    When gold nuggets were discovered in California, it caused thousands of miners to rush over in hopes of becoming rich. Mining had really sparked in the West, and many boomtowns would form because of it. This California gold rush definitely shaped a large part of the mining industry and the west in general.
  • The Homestead Act

    The Homestead Act
    The Homestead Act was passed to encourage westward expansion. It offered 160 acres of free land to people who would agree to improve the land, and they would own it after five years. Married couples could have two shares, which was 320 acres. This act helped poor families who couldn't afford land.
  • Battle of Antietam

    Battle of Antietam
    Known as the bloodiest single day of the war, this battle was the first one to be fought in the North. It had three areas of fighting- the cornfield, the bridge, and the bloody lane. The end of the battle was technically a draw, but the North claimed Victory since the South had to retreat. Lincoln used this win to officially issue the Emancipation Proclamation.
  • The Siege of Vicksburg

    The Siege of Vicksburg
    The Union was trying to take the Mississippi, and to do so they cut off the town of Vicksburg, not allowing anyone out. The citizens of Vicksburg suffered, they even had to dig caves for protection from the gunfire. Finally, after 47 days, Confederate General John Pemberton surrendered on the 4th of July. Independence Day was not celebrated in this town for the next 80 years.
  • Little Round Top

    Little Round Top
    This battle took place on the second day of Gettysburg, the bloodiest battle of the war. After repeated charges up the hill had been made, the North ran out of ammo. This caused Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain to order a bayonet charge, and it was successful. It shocked the enemy and they were able to make them retreat.
  • The 13th Amendment

    The 13th Amendment
    This amendment was passed in 1865 by Abraham Lincoln. It was passed to abolish slavery, making it illegal. It made it so that people officially could not own slaves, and involuntary service could only be used as a legal punishment.
  • Andrew Johnson's Impeachment

    Andrew Johnson's Impeachment
    Congress had been getting really tired of Johnson in a power struggle, as he vetoed many of the acts they tried to pass. They officially impeached him after he broke the Tenure of Office Act, and his trial took place. He was not removed from office in the end, but for the rest of his presidency he had little power.
  • The Finishing of the Transcontinental Railroad

    The Finishing of the Transcontinental Railroad
    The Transcontinental Railroad was the first railroad to reach from the west to the east. It stretched from Sacramento to Omaha. The tracks were made from both sides and met in the middle. When it was finished being made, the two sides met at Promintory Point, Utah.
  • The End of Reconstruction

    The End of Reconstruction
    The South had been getting tired of reconstruction and all of the Northern men being in the South. During the 1876 election, there was a tie between Hayes and Tilden. TO solve this, the Compromise of 1877 was made. The South would get an end to reconstruction and the North would get the presidency with Hayes. This officially ended reconstruction, but resulted in former slaves having less protection.
  • Ida B Wells Refuses to Move

    Ida B Wells Refuses to Move
    Ida B Wells had bought a first class train ticket, but was told to move. She refused so they forcibly removed me. She then sued and went to court, where she was given $500. She became an advocate for equal rights and was seen as fearless. She even bit the man who forcibly removed her!
  • The Brooklyn Bridge

    The Brooklyn Bridge
    The Brooklyn Bridge was done by John Roebling, whose son was in charge. However, he got sick so his wife took over and was the first to cross it. At the time, it was the longest one that was most popular. It was considered a symbol of America's ingenuity.
  • Oklahoma Land Rush

    Oklahoma Land Rush
    There was two million acres of land in Oklahoma that had belonged to Natives, and it was the last part of the frontier line. Thousands of settlers gathered together for a race to claim land there. There were some people who got there earlier than the others, and they were called Sooners. In the race, people road on horses, wagons, bikes, etc.
  • Plessy vs. Ferguson

    Plessy vs. Ferguson
    Homer Plessy had paid for a train ticket, but was told to move to the colored car even though he was only one eighth black. To prove a point, he refused to move and was arrested. He sued, and his case was taken to court. the final ruling the judge made was that segregation was legal as long as it was "separate but equal".
  • The Sinking of the USS Maine

    The Sinking of the USS Maine
    This event is considered the start of the Spanish American War, and kickstarted the hatred that Americans had for Spain. President McKinley had sent a battleship called the Maine to Havana Harbor to protect American property. It exploded very suddenly and 206 men died. Many Americans immediately blamed the Spanish, and Yellow Journalism contributed to the blame on them. The rallying cry "Remember the Maine!" began after this event.
  • Battle of San Juan Hill

    Battle of San Juan Hill
    During this battle, Theodore Roosevelt led a volunteer regiment known as "Rough Riders" into battle. They ended up winning the battle, and the soldiers were called "Buffalo Soldiers". Roosevelt later became vice president, and then president when McKinley was killed.
  • Ida B Wells Walks in the Women's Suffrage Campaign March

    Ida B Wells Walks in the Women's Suffrage Campaign March
    Ida B Wells was a freed slave who was an advocate for anti lynching and black rights. She was also a teacher in a black school. She was well known for her incident where she refused to move from her train seat. Ida was also big on women's rights. She had spoken with the president and was able to walk in the front of the Women's Suffrage March, which was very rare for black people.