American History Chapters 18-21

  • Bessemer converter process allows steel to be made quickly and inexpensively

  • Construction of New York’s Central Park begins

  • First oil well is struck in Titusville, Pennsylvania

  • Comstock Lode is discovered

  • Darwin’s On the Origin of Species is published

  • Congress passes the Homestead Act

  • Sand Creek Massacre

  • First transcontinental railroad is completed at Promontory, Utah

  • Joseph Glidden invents barbed wire

  • Alexander Graham Bell patents his telephone

  • Thomas A. Edison makes the first successful incandescent lightbulb

  • Battle of Little Bighorn

  • Great Railroad Strike

  • With the Compromise of 1877, Rutherford B. Hayes becomes president and Reconstruction comes to an end

  • Rutherford B. Hayes is inaugurated president

  • Supreme Court issues Munn v. Illinois decision

  • James A. Garfield is assassinated

  • John D. Rockefeller organizes the Standard Oil Trust

  • Congress passes the Chinese Exclusion Act

  • Congress passes the Pendleton Civil Service Reform Act

  • In the Haymarket incident, a bomb set off at a Chicago labor rally kills and wounds police officers

  • American Federation of Labor is organized

  • Surrender of Geronimo marks the end of the Indian wars

  • Supreme Court issues Wabash, St. Louis, and Pacific Railroad Company v. Illinois decision

  • Congress passes the Severalty Act

  • Interstate Commerce Commission is created

  • Otis Elevator Company installs the first electric elevator

  • Battle of Wounded Knee

  • Congress passes the Sherman Anti-Trust Act, the Sherman Silver Purchase Act, and the McKinley Tariff

  • Mississippi Plan resegregates public facilities by race

  • Basketball is invented

  • Homestead Strike

  • Ellis Island, a federal center for processing immigrants, opens

  • People’s party drafts its Omaha platform

  • Frederick J. Turner’s “frontier thesis”

  • Economic depression affects a substantial proportion of the population

  • Pullman Strike

  • Republic of Hawaii is proclaimed

  • Booker T. Washington delivers his Atlanta Compromise speech

  • Cuban insurrection breaks out against Spanish rule

  • Supreme Court issues Plessy v. Ferguson decision

  • U.S. battleship Maine explodes in Havana Harbor

  • War of 1898

  • United States annexes Hawaii

  • U.S. Senate ratifies the Treaty of Paris, ending the War of 1898

  • Period: to

    Filipino insurgents resist U.S. domination

  • Baseball’s National League is formed

  • Army Yellow Fever Commission confirms the cause of yellow fever

  • International alliance quells the Boxer Rebellion

  • J. Pierpont Morgan creates the U.S. Steel Corporation

  • Panamanians revolt against Colombia

  • Russo-Japanese War

  • Great White Fleet circumnavigates the globe in a demonstration of America’s rise to world-power status

  • National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) is created

  • Panama Canal opens