Dates for attacksDec 7th 1941 - japanese attack on pearl harbor.
May 7th 1945- VE day
6 June 1944 - D Day
WW1 began in 1914
WW1 test questions
more ww1 questionsPropaganda- information designed to influence opinion.
sussex pledge- promise not to sink more merchant ships without warning.
Liberty Bonds- method of loaning money to govt to pay for war.
Victory gardens- grown by american citizens in order to help the war effort.
Luisitania- british passenger liner that was sunk by a german submarine killing 128 americans
WW II testHitler created battle of the bulge.
Bastogoe was ultimite goal of german thrust
General cota didnt want to go in at daybreak on omaha beach
hitler and stalin didnt sign a nazi soviet pact.
When us declared war on japan, germany and italy declared war on us.
axis powers were germany, italy, and japan
allies were us, great britian, soviet union, and france.
harry truman became president on april 12th 1945
result of normandy invasion was the axis powers dissolved
More ww11 questionsus began loaning supplies through new deal act
at start of ww11 us adopted nationalism as a policy
cash and carry philosophy claimed that the countries trading with us had to pay cash for american ships to carry goods to their country
Benito Mussolini- founded italys fascist party
Joseph stalin- dictator of soviet union
Adolf hitler- dictator of germany
FDR- president of us when ww11 started
Matching ww1appeasment- policy of making concessions in exchange for peace w germany
Manchuria - resource of rich region in northern china
rationing- limiting purchace of variety of products
convoy system- cargo ships traveled in groups escorted by navy warships
name in order from first to last
1. hitler becomes chancellor of germany
2. Germany invades poland
3. pearl harbor was bombed
4. germany surrenders
5. us dropped bomb on hiroshima
short answers for ww113 reasons why germany held grudge at end of ww1
1. they thought treaty of versallies was unfair
2. werent invited to peace conferenvce
3. lost war
what country did us drop atomic bombs on and why. what president
Japan because president trumen wanted war to end quickly and that the attempt to invade japan would be worse.
questions on ww1 part 3communist ideas sweeping across europe was not a cause of ww1
unrestricted submarine warfare was germanys policy for sinking of any and all vessils bound for britian
zimmerman telegram was document that encouraged mexico to reconquer 3 american states in return for german help,
New TechnologyThe new technology was machine guns, the tank, and gas
Trench WarfareThe conditions of the trench warfare were bad. There were dead bodies in the trenches, rats, and lice-infested hair.
The Spark of WW1What sparked WW1 was the assassination of Franz Ferdinand.
Central PowersThe central powers were Austria- Hungary, Germany, Bulgaria, Ottoman Empire.
Allied PowersGreat Britain and France
Long Term Causes of WW1Nationalism- Ones love for one's country
Imperialism- Spreading political or economic control of one country over another.
Militarism- Using force or the threat of force against another nation
Germany and Austria- HungaryGermany and Austria- Hungary were opposed at the start of the way by Britain, Frane, Russia, and Serbia.
Leauge Of NationsIn the Senate, the main criticism of the Leauge of Nations was that it would threaten American independence.
Great Depressionreleif- ccc,fera,wpa
reform- fdic,nlrb,sec, social security
Germans and AmericansThe sinking of the Lusitania, the Zimmerman note, and the Russian Revolution were events that caused many Americans to turn against Germany.
United StatesThe United States responded to the war by declaring its neutrality.
During WarDuring the war, the US govt passed laws to silence opposition to the American war effort.
Tensions With Germany and USTensions between Germany and the US grew because of German submarine attacks.
Russian RevolutionAfter the Russian Revolution in March 1917, Americans were willing to join the Allies.
US Joined WW1When the US joined WW1 it needed to institute a draft to build a large army
US In EuropeSoon after arriving in Europe, American troops helped save Paris from a German attack.
Rural AreasRural areas didn't benefit the most from the economic prosperity of the 1920s.
RepublicansRepublicans of the 1920s believed that if government fostered private business, benefits would radiate out to the most of the rest of the population.
Mass ConsumptionThree examples of mass consumption in the 1920s were automobiles, vacuum cleaners, and radios.
Red ScareThe impact of the Red Scare on the U.S. was the fear of communism.
Leauge of NationsThe U.S. chose not to join the league of nations because they didn't like alliances
a total ban on the manufacture, sale, and transportation of liquor throughout the United States. 1919-1933
The Red Scare
a period of time in American History when the government went after "Reds" (Communists) and others with radical views
Ku Klux Klan
founded in the 1860s in the south; meant to control newly freed slaves through threats and violence; other targets: Catholics, Jews, immigrants and others thought to be un-American
a flowering of African American culture in the 1920s; instilled interest in African American culture and pride in being an African American.
- consumers buys products by promising to pay small, regular amounts over a period of time
carefree young women with short, "bobbed" hair, heavy makeup, and short skirts. The flapper symbolized the new "liberated" woman of the 1920s.
people who believe there should be no government
the making and selling of illegal alcohol
banned the sale of alcohol in 1919
PresidentsCalvin Coolidge- " The Business of America is Business"
Warren G Harding- " Return to normalcy"
Herbert Hoover- " Rugged Individualism"
Conservative vs LiberalConservative- holding to traditional attitudes and values and cautious about change or innovation, typically in relation to politics or religion.
Liberal-open to new behavior or opinions and willing to discard traditional values.
CommunismCommunism was very popular in the 1920s Communism is where the state owns the property. Americans feared this bc they feared the idea of the govt taking control.
Bolshevik RevolutionThe Russian Revolution took place in 1917 when the peasants and working class people of Russia revolted against the government of Tsar Nicholas II. They were led by Vladimir Lenin and a group of revolutionaries called the Bolsheviks. The new communist government created the country of the Soviet Union
Rise of the BolsheviksList events that allowed the rise of Bolsheviks in Russia
- Czar Nicholas II
A Mitchell PalmerHe was an Attorney General from 1919 to 1921. The raids hunted down anyone that was a communist or an anarchist or had radical ideas. He wanted to run for president.
2 Italian BrothersSacco and Vanzetti. They were convicted of robbery and murder.
Emma GoldmanShe was deported because of possible ties to communism.
Ku Klux KlanThe Ku Klux Klan, with its long history of violence, is the most infamous — and oldest — of American hate groups. Although black Americans have typically been the Klan's primary target, it also has attacked Jews, immigrants, gays and lesbians and, until recently, Catholics.
ImmigrantsImmigrants were targeted because they were suspected of being communists, anarchists, and political radicalism.
After WW1After WW1 American men were looking for jobs, feared communists, deporting and jail, isolation, a rise in nationalism
Aliens and RaticalAliens means immigrants and ratical means political/ social change
Dependance on creditDependance on credit was a cause of the great depression.
Dust BowlSevere drought hit the US and Canadian prairies during the 1930s
Smoot- Hawley Tariff ActOne such measure was this Smoot-Hawley Tariff which put on a special tax over 20,000 types of imported goods.
Unwise Foreign PolicyUnwise Foreign Policy was a huge part of the great depression
Troubled American IndustryThis played a huge roll in the great depression
Business Cyclea cycle or series of cycles of economic expansion and contraction
Down on the Farm During the Great DepressionThe great plains had been overplanted during the 20s
Family Life in the Great DepressionAmerican family life was greatly disrupted by the Great Depression.
President Hoovers ResponseHe was in charge when it began. He believed it could be stopped through voluntary action.
Great DepressionA long and severe recession in or on the economy
great depression testwhat was a consequence of the hawley smoot tarriff? It comtributed to a dirastic decline in international trade.
reform was peice of legislation that prevented another depression from occuring
roosevelt suffered from polio
what roosevelt meant by relief was immediate action taken to halt the economies deterioration
what roosevelt meant by recovery was "pump-priming" temporary programs to restart flow of consumer demand.
what roosevelt meant by reform was permant programs to avoid another depress
great depression test p2Midwest was most affected by dust bowl
objective of bonus expeditiorany force that marched on washington dc in 1932 was to obtain payment of money to veterans of first world war
PresidencyWarren G. Harding was elected president in 1922.
TariffsThe 2 American tariffs stood as barriers to trade with Europe is Fordnery- McCucumber and Hawley Smoot tariff
Teapot Dome ScandalThe teapot dome scandal was where Sinclair and Doheny bribed Fall into letting them drill into the navy oil reserve. They paid Fall to do this. The consequences were that Fall was put in jail for bribery. The Harding administration had appointed the govt officials. The parties got away from the scandal so they wouldn't get involved and impacts were that Fall was in jail for it.
Stock Market CrashThe price of stocks had begun to decline since September and on October 18th they were in free-fall. Panic set in and almost all investors wanted real money in their hands. On October 24th over 12 million shares were traded
Causes of the Great DepressionDependance on credit, Unwise foreign policy, Failing American agriculture, troubled American industry
City Life during the Great DepressionCity life changed after banks started to fail. People by the millions lost their jobs, were evicted from their houses and reduced to living on the streets.
Bonus Army CrackdownIN the spring of 1932, between 10 and 20 thousand WW1 vets came to Washington to demand their war bonuses early.
World War II notesItaly invaded Ethiopia and took control in 1935.
in 1938 Hitler had rearmed and sent troops to Rhineland
Munich conference 1938 was Germany, Italy, britian, and france
Munich pact gave Hitler Sudetenland if he promised to end territorial demands.
In 1939 germany took rest of Czechoslovakia.
In 1939 hitler and stalin signed a non agression pact.
In 1935 us passed neutrality act
On sept 1 1939 germany invaded poland with blitzkrieg attack.
Frace and great britian declare war next day.
WW11 outcomeItaly invaded __________________ and took control in 1935.
Ethiopia Italy wanted to control the _____________________________
Mediterranean Sea Munich Conference consisted of which countries?
Germany, Italy, Britain, & France The goal of the Munich Conference was to _____________________________________.
stop further German aggression in Europe
ww11 outcomeCash-n-Carry Policy
Purpose to aid the Allies December 7, 1941
Japanese Attack on Pearl Harbor Allies
Great Britain, France, Soviet Union, and United States Axis Powers
Germany, Italy, and Japan Name given to the fighting that took place in Europe
European Theater D-Day
Allied forces invaded northern France by means of beach landings in Normandy June 6, 1944 Battle of the Bulge
Hitler's last major offensive
causes of ww11Appeasement
The British and French thought they could avoid a war by following a policy of ------------. Treaty of Versailles
Blamed Germany for WWI and charged it with paying astronomical reparations. Instilled German resentment. Munich Pact
Signed in 1938 between Great Britain, Germany, and France that gave part of Czechoslovakia to Germany; Nazism
An extreme form of facism shaped by Hitler's fanatical ideas about German nationalism and racial superiority
causes of ww11Spanish Civil War
War between the fascists and socialists that led to Spain becoming a Fascist country. Fascism
A political system headed by a dictator that calls for extreme nationalism and no tolerance of opposition. Adolf Hitler
Leader of Nazi Germany Benito Mussolini
Leader of Fascist Italy Chamberlain
British Prime Minister who believed the Munich Pact created "peace for our time" Francisco Franco
Leader of Fascist Spain Lebensraum
"Living Space" Hitler wanted more room for the German
causes ww11Mein Kampf
Book written by Hitler while in jail. Rome-Berlin Axis
Alliance agreement between Mussolini and Hitler Neutrality Acts
Unites States' way of staying out of the war Non-aggression pact
Signed between Hitler and Stalin agreeing not to attack one another OTHER
Allied and German troops75,000 Allied troops were killed during Battle of the Bulge
80,000-100,000 German troops were killed during Battle of the Bulge
German ThrustFactors that stalled German thrust was traffic, a bridge over a railway, cutting off 2km east of Losheimergranken had been blown up.
Joachim PeiperHe was a field officer in Warren ss during ww2
Normandy InvasionThere were 1800 train locomotives and 20,000 railcars
FortitudeThere were 79 allied divisions to be in England in May 1944 but then only 52.
Omaha BeachThe 1st and 29th divisions were the first to land on omaha beach
Code WordCode word FORTITUDE was a deception plan for overload.
ENIGMAEnigma was acquired bc it was found in bright moonlight during the night.
SHEAFThis stood for supreme headquarters allied expeditionary force
General EisenhowerEisenhower's boss was George Marshall
WW11 outcomeWhich treaty did Hitler violate when he rearmed and sent troops to Rhineland?
Treaty of Versailles Germany invaded _______________ with blitzkrieg attack (WW II begins)
Poland "Phony War"
Period of no fighting September 1939 - April 1940 The United States passed the Neutrality Act. What does this mean to warring nations?
No arms from the United States
causes of ww11Causes of World War 2
Nationalism, Imperialism the Great Depressio and the Treaty of Versailles Rise of dictators
They seemed to have a good solution for people's problems with poverty and not having jobs Ethiopia
Italy gained control of Manchuria
Japan gained control of Rhineland
Hitler put military in this demilitarized zone Austria
Hitler took over Appeasement
Giving in to the demands of an aggressor in order to keep the peace. Sudetenland
Part of Czechothat Hitler wanted to control
Cold War President TimelineTruman Doctrine was aid aimed at saving Greece and Turkey
The Marshall plan was aid will never rebuild Western Europe.
Nikita Kroushchev was the new soviet premier
Fidel Castro was the communist dictator of Cuba.
Ronald Reagan, stategic defense initative (star wars )
when george bush was president the soviet union collapses
john f kennedy was bay of pigs invasion
richard nixon was NASSA acheives moon landing
Harry truman was 2nd red scare
Dwight eisenhower was korean conflict ends in a stalemat
Korean WarContainment- americas policy of stopping communism from spreading.
Stalemate- a military situation in whitch neither side can gain an atvantage.
Demilitarized zone- reigon betweeen countries in whitch no military activity is permitted.
Militarizm- society organized around preparing for military conflict
38th parallel- divides north and south korea.
Capitalism- an economic system based on private property, includeing privare ownership
Communist- system of gov where a single party controls ecomomy
Notes on Cold WarName 2 countries that spied on each other during WW II and that were allies.
U.s and Soviet Union
Who took over Eastern Europe after WW II?
Who created the peoples republic of china 1949?
Did the soviet union and us directly fight. no
Where was the cold war fought.
anywhere communism was
How was the cold war fought
Arms race, space race, sports and movies
Who was elected in the USSR in 1985 and what did he introduce?
Mikhail Gorbauev and democratic reforms
Cold War QuestionsWhy did war time alliance between soviet union and the west crumble after wwII?
Conflicting ideologies and mutual distrust divided formed allies and led to cold war
Cold War and How it was foughtUs and Soviet Union were allies during ww11.
Stalin took over Eastern Euorpe.
Arms race was how it was fought, also the space race, and sports olympic games.