American History B

Timeline created by melaniemonroe1
In History
  • Dates for attacks

    Dec 7th 1941 - japanese attack on pearl harbor.
    May 7th 1945- VE day
    6 June 1944 - D Day
    WW1 began in 1914
  • WW1 test questions

  • more ww1 questions

    Propaganda- information designed to influence opinion.
    sussex pledge- promise not to sink more merchant ships without warning.
    Liberty Bonds- method of loaning money to govt to pay for war.
    Victory gardens- grown by american citizens in order to help the war effort.
    Luisitania- british passenger liner that was sunk by a german submarine killing 128 americans
    .
  • WW II test

    Hitler created battle of the bulge.
    Bastogoe was ultimite goal of german thrust
    General cota didnt want to go in at daybreak on omaha beach
    hitler and stalin didnt sign a nazi soviet pact.
    When us declared war on japan, germany and italy declared war on us.
    axis powers were germany, italy, and japan
    allies were us, great britian, soviet union, and france.
    harry truman became president on april 12th 1945
    result of normandy invasion was the axis powers dissolved
  • More ww11 questions

    us began loaning supplies through new deal act
    at start of ww11 us adopted nationalism as a policy
    cash and carry philosophy claimed that the countries trading with us had to pay cash for american ships to carry goods to their country
    Matching
    Benito Mussolini- founded italys fascist party
    Joseph stalin- dictator of soviet union
    Adolf hitler- dictator of germany
    FDR- president of us when ww11 started
  • Matching ww1

    appeasment- policy of making concessions in exchange for peace w germany
    Manchuria - resource of rich region in northern china
    rationing- limiting purchace of variety of products
    convoy system- cargo ships traveled in groups escorted by navy warships
    name in order from first to last
    1. hitler becomes chancellor of germany
    2. Germany invades poland
    3. pearl harbor was bombed
    4. germany surrenders
    5. us dropped bomb on hiroshima
  • short answers for ww11

    3 reasons why germany held grudge at end of ww1
    1. they thought treaty of versallies was unfair
    2. werent invited to peace conferenvce
    3. lost war
    what country did us drop atomic bombs on and why. what president
    Japan because president trumen wanted war to end quickly and that the attempt to invade japan would be worse.
  • questions on ww1 part 3

    communist ideas sweeping across europe was not a cause of ww1
    unrestricted submarine warfare was germanys policy for sinking of any and all vessils bound for britian
    zimmerman telegram was document that encouraged mexico to reconquer 3 american states in return for german help,
  • President Rooselvelt

  • President Hoover

  • New Technology

    New Technology
    The new technology was machine guns, the tank, and gas
  • Trench Warfare

    Trench Warfare
    The conditions of the trench warfare were bad. There were dead bodies in the trenches, rats, and lice-infested hair.
  • The Spark of WW1

    The Spark of WW1
    What sparked WW1 was the assassination of Franz Ferdinand.
  • Central Powers

    Central Powers
    The central powers were Austria- Hungary, Germany, Bulgaria, Ottoman Empire.
  • Allied Powers

    Allied Powers
    Great Britain and France
  • Long Term Causes of WW1

    Nationalism- Ones love for one's country
    Imperialism- Spreading political or economic control of one country over another.
    Militarism- Using force or the threat of force against another nation
    Alliances-
    Extreme leaders
  • Germany and Austria- Hungary

    Germany and Austria- Hungary were opposed at the start of the way by Britain, Frane, Russia, and Serbia.
  • Leauge Of Nations

    In the Senate, the main criticism of the Leauge of Nations was that it would threaten American independence.
  • Great Depression

    releif- ccc,fera,wpa
    recovery- aaa,nria,pwa,tva,cwa,nira
    reform- fdic,nlrb,sec, social security
  • Germans and Americans

    The sinking of the Lusitania, the Zimmerman note, and the Russian Revolution were events that caused many Americans to turn against Germany.
  • United States

    The United States responded to the war by declaring its neutrality.
  • During War

    During the war, the US govt passed laws to silence opposition to the American war effort.
  • Tensions With Germany and US

    Tensions between Germany and the US grew because of German submarine attacks.
  • Russian Revolution

    After the Russian Revolution in March 1917, Americans were willing to join the Allies.
  • US Joined WW1

    When the US joined WW1 it needed to institute a draft to build a large army
  • US In Europe

    Soon after arriving in Europe, American troops helped save Paris from a German attack.
  • Rural Areas

    Rural Areas
    Rural areas didn't benefit the most from the economic prosperity of the 1920s.
  • Republicans

    Republicans
    Republicans of the 1920s believed that if government fostered private business, benefits would radiate out to the most of the rest of the population.
  • Mass Consumption

    Mass Consumption
    Three examples of mass consumption in the 1920s were automobiles, vacuum cleaners, and radios.
  • Red Scare

    The impact of the Red Scare on the U.S. was the fear of communism.
  • Leauge of Nations

    The U.S. chose not to join the league of nations because they didn't like alliances
  • Vocab

    Prohibition
    a total ban on the manufacture, sale, and transportation of liquor throughout the United States. 1919-1933
    The Red Scare
    a period of time in American History when the government went after "Reds" (Communists) and others with radical views
    Ku Klux Klan
    founded in the 1860s in the south; meant to control newly freed slaves through threats and violence; other targets: Catholics, Jews, immigrants and others thought to be un-American
  • Vocab

    Harlem Renaissance
    a flowering of African American culture in the 1920s; instilled interest in African American culture and pride in being an African American.
    installment buying
    - consumers buys products by promising to pay small, regular amounts over a period of time
    flappers
    carefree young women with short, "bobbed" hair, heavy makeup, and short skirts. The flapper symbolized the new "liberated" woman of the 1920s.
    Anarchists
    people who believe there should be no government
  • Vocab

    Bootlegging
    the making and selling of illegal alcohol
    Eighteenth Amendment
    banned the sale of alcohol in 1919
  • Presidents

    Calvin Coolidge- " The Business of America is Business"
    Warren G Harding- " Return to normalcy"
    Herbert Hoover- " Rugged Individualism"
  • Conservative vs Liberal

    Conservative- holding to traditional attitudes and values and cautious about change or innovation, typically in relation to politics or religion.
    Liberal-open to new behavior or opinions and willing to discard traditional values.
  • Communism

    Communism was very popular in the 1920s Communism is where the state owns the property. Americans feared this bc they feared the idea of the govt taking control.
  • Bolshevik Revolution

    The Russian Revolution took place in 1917 when the peasants and working class people of Russia revolted against the government of Tsar Nicholas II. They were led by Vladimir Lenin and a group of revolutionaries called the Bolsheviks. The new communist government created the country of the Soviet Union
  • Rise of the Bolsheviks

    List events that allowed the rise of Bolsheviks in Russia
    -October revolution
    - Czar Nicholas II
    -Temporary Govt
    -Weak economy
  • A Mitchell Palmer

    He was an Attorney General from 1919 to 1921. The raids hunted down anyone that was a communist or an anarchist or had radical ideas. He wanted to run for president.
  • 2 Italian Brothers

    Sacco and Vanzetti. They were convicted of robbery and murder.
  • Emma Goldman

    She was deported because of possible ties to communism.
  • Ku Klux Klan

    The Ku Klux Klan, with its long history of violence, is the most infamous — and oldest — of American hate groups. Although black Americans have typically been the Klan's primary target, it also has attacked Jews, immigrants, gays and lesbians and, until recently, Catholics.
  • Immigrants

    Immigrants were targeted because they were suspected of being communists, anarchists, and political radicalism.
  • After WW1

    After WW1 American men were looking for jobs, feared communists, deporting and jail, isolation, a rise in nationalism
  • Aliens and Ratical

    Aliens means immigrants and ratical means political/ social change
  • Dependance on credit

    Dependance on credit
    Dependance on credit was a cause of the great depression.
  • Dust Bowl

    Dust Bowl
    Severe drought hit the US and Canadian prairies during the 1930s
  • Smoot- Hawley Tariff Act

    Smoot- Hawley Tariff Act
    One such measure was this Smoot-Hawley Tariff which put on a special tax over 20,000 types of imported goods.
  • Unwise Foreign Policy

    Unwise Foreign Policy
    Unwise Foreign Policy was a huge part of the great depression
  • Troubled American Industry

    Troubled American Industry
    This played a huge roll in the great depression
  • Business Cycle

    Business Cycle
    a cycle or series of cycles of economic expansion and contraction
  • Down on the Farm During the Great Depression

    Down on the Farm During the Great Depression
    The great plains had been overplanted during the 20s
  • Family Life in the Great Depression

    Family Life in the Great Depression
    American family life was greatly disrupted by the Great Depression.
  • President Hoovers Response

    President Hoovers Response
    He was in charge when it began. He believed it could be stopped through voluntary action.
  • Great Depression

    Great Depression
    A long and severe recession in or on the economy
  • great depression test

    what was a consequence of the hawley smoot tarriff? It comtributed to a dirastic decline in international trade.
    reform was peice of legislation that prevented another depression from occuring
    roosevelt suffered from polio
    what roosevelt meant by relief was immediate action taken to halt the economies deterioration
    what roosevelt meant by recovery was "pump-priming" temporary programs to restart flow of consumer demand.
    what roosevelt meant by reform was permant programs to avoid another depress
  • great depression test p2

    Midwest was most affected by dust bowl
    objective of bonus expeditiorany force that marched on washington dc in 1932 was to obtain payment of money to veterans of first world war
  • Presidency

    Presidency
    Warren G. Harding was elected president in 1922.
  • Tariffs

    Tariffs
    The 2 American tariffs stood as barriers to trade with Europe is Fordnery- McCucumber and Hawley Smoot tariff
  • Teapot Dome Scandal

    The teapot dome scandal was where Sinclair and Doheny bribed Fall into letting them drill into the navy oil reserve. They paid Fall to do this. The consequences were that Fall was put in jail for bribery. The Harding administration had appointed the govt officials. The parties got away from the scandal so they wouldn't get involved and impacts were that Fall was in jail for it.
  • Stock Market Crash

    Stock Market Crash
    The price of stocks had begun to decline since September and on October 18th they were in free-fall. Panic set in and almost all investors wanted real money in their hands. On October 24th over 12 million shares were traded
  • Causes of the Great Depression

    Causes of the Great Depression
    Dependance on credit, Unwise foreign policy, Failing American agriculture, troubled American industry
  • City Life during the Great Depression

    City Life during the Great Depression
    City life changed after banks started to fail. People by the millions lost their jobs, were evicted from their houses and reduced to living on the streets.
  • Bonus Army Crackdown

    Bonus Army Crackdown
    IN the spring of 1932, between 10 and 20 thousand WW1 vets came to Washington to demand their war bonuses early.
  • World War II notes

    Italy invaded Ethiopia and took control in 1935.
    in 1938 Hitler had rearmed and sent troops to Rhineland
    Munich conference 1938 was Germany, Italy, britian, and france
    Munich pact gave Hitler Sudetenland if he promised to end territorial demands.
    In 1939 germany took rest of Czechoslovakia.
    In 1939 hitler and stalin signed a non agression pact.
    In 1935 us passed neutrality act
    On sept 1 1939 germany invaded poland with blitzkrieg attack.
    Frace and great britian declare war next day.
  • WW11 outcome

    Italy invaded __________________ and took control in 1935.
    Ethiopia Italy wanted to control the _____________________________
    Mediterranean Sea Munich Conference consisted of which countries?
    Germany, Italy, Britain, & France The goal of the Munich Conference was to _____________________________________.
    stop further German aggression in Europe
  • ww11 outcome

    Cash-n-Carry Policy
    Purpose to aid the Allies December 7, 1941
    Japanese Attack on Pearl Harbor Allies
    Great Britain, France, Soviet Union, and United States Axis Powers
    Germany, Italy, and Japan Name given to the fighting that took place in Europe
    European Theater D-Day
    Allied forces invaded northern France by means of beach landings in Normandy June 6, 1944 Battle of the Bulge
    Hitler's last major offensive
  • causes of ww11

    Appeasement
    The British and French thought they could avoid a war by following a policy of ------------. Treaty of Versailles
    Blamed Germany for WWI and charged it with paying astronomical reparations. Instilled German resentment. Munich Pact
    Signed in 1938 between Great Britain, Germany, and France that gave part of Czechoslovakia to Germany; Nazism
    An extreme form of facism shaped by Hitler's fanatical ideas about German nationalism and racial superiority
  • causes of ww11

    Spanish Civil War
    War between the fascists and socialists that led to Spain becoming a Fascist country. Fascism
    A political system headed by a dictator that calls for extreme nationalism and no tolerance of opposition. Adolf Hitler
    Leader of Nazi Germany Benito Mussolini
    Leader of Fascist Italy Chamberlain
    British Prime Minister who believed the Munich Pact created "peace for our time" Francisco Franco
    Leader of Fascist Spain Lebensraum
    "Living Space" Hitler wanted more room for the German
  • causes ww11

    Mein Kampf
    Book written by Hitler while in jail. Rome-Berlin Axis
    Alliance agreement between Mussolini and Hitler Neutrality Acts
    Unites States' way of staying out of the war Non-aggression pact
    Signed between Hitler and Stalin agreeing not to attack one another OTHER
  • Allied and German troops

    Allied and German troops
    75,000 Allied troops were killed during Battle of the Bulge
    80,000-100,000 German troops were killed during Battle of the Bulge
  • German Thrust

    German Thrust
    Factors that stalled German thrust was traffic, a bridge over a railway, cutting off 2km east of Losheimergranken had been blown up.
  • Joachim Peiper

    Joachim Peiper
    He was a field officer in Warren ss during ww2
  • Normandy Invasion

    Normandy Invasion
    There were 1800 train locomotives and 20,000 railcars
  • Fortitude

    Fortitude
    There were 79 allied divisions to be in England in May 1944 but then only 52.
  • Omaha Beach

    Omaha Beach
    The 1st and 29th divisions were the first to land on omaha beach
  • Code Word

    Code Word
    Code word FORTITUDE was a deception plan for overload.
  • ENIGMA

    ENIGMA
    Enigma was acquired bc it was found in bright moonlight during the night.
  • SHEAF

    SHEAF
    This stood for supreme headquarters allied expeditionary force
  • General Eisenhower

    General Eisenhower
    Eisenhower's boss was George Marshall
  • WW11 outcome

    Which treaty did Hitler violate when he rearmed and sent troops to Rhineland?
    Treaty of Versailles Germany invaded _______________ with blitzkrieg attack (WW II begins)
    Poland "Phony War"
    Period of no fighting September 1939 - April 1940 The United States passed the Neutrality Act. What does this mean to warring nations?
    No arms from the United States
  • causes of ww11

    Causes of World War 2
    Nationalism, Imperialism the Great Depressio and the Treaty of Versailles Rise of dictators
    They seemed to have a good solution for people's problems with poverty and not having jobs Ethiopia
    Italy gained control of Manchuria
    Japan gained control of Rhineland
    Hitler put military in this demilitarized zone Austria
    Hitler took over Appeasement
    Giving in to the demands of an aggressor in order to keep the peace. Sudetenland
    Part of Czechothat Hitler wanted to control
  • Cold War President Timeline

    Cold War President Timeline
    Truman Doctrine was aid aimed at saving Greece and Turkey
    The Marshall plan was aid will never rebuild Western Europe.
    Nikita Kroushchev was the new soviet premier
    Fidel Castro was the communist dictator of Cuba.
    Ronald Reagan, stategic defense initative (star wars )
    when george bush was president the soviet union collapses
    john f kennedy was bay of pigs invasion
    richard nixon was NASSA acheives moon landing
    Harry truman was 2nd red scare
    Dwight eisenhower was korean conflict ends in a stalemat
  • Korean War

    Korean War
    Containment- americas policy of stopping communism from spreading.
    Stalemate- a military situation in whitch neither side can gain an atvantage.
    Demilitarized zone- reigon betweeen countries in whitch no military activity is permitted.
    Militarizm- society organized around preparing for military conflict
    38th parallel- divides north and south korea.
    Capitalism- an economic system based on private property, includeing privare ownership
    Communist- system of gov where a single party controls ecomomy
  • Notes on Cold War

    Notes on Cold War
    Name 2 countries that spied on each other during WW II and that were allies.
    U.s and Soviet Union
    Who took over Eastern Europe after WW II?
    Stalin
    Who created the peoples republic of china 1949?
    Mao Zedong
    Did the soviet union and us directly fight. no
    Where was the cold war fought.
    anywhere communism was
    How was the cold war fought
    Arms race, space race, sports and movies
    Who was elected in the USSR in 1985 and what did he introduce?
    Mikhail Gorbauev and democratic reforms
  • Cold War Questions

    Cold War Questions
    Why did war time alliance between soviet union and the west crumble after wwII?
    Conflicting ideologies and mutual distrust divided formed allies and led to cold war
  • Cold War and How it was fought

    Cold War and How it was fought
    Us and Soviet Union were allies during ww11.
    Stalin took over Eastern Euorpe.
    Arms race was how it was fought, also the space race, and sports olympic games.