African american history

American History 1

  • 1492

    Christopher Columbus

    Christopher Columbus
    Sailed the ocean blue in 1492. Credited for "discovering America"
  • 1519

    Hernando Cortez

    Hernando Cortez
    Claimed new colonies for Spain. Conquered the Aztec Empire
  • 1532

    Francisco Pizarro

    Francisco Pizarro
    Claimed new colonies for Spain. Conquered the Inca Empire in Peru
  • 1539

    Hernan De Soto

    Hernan De Soto
    Assisted Pizarro with the conquest of the Inca. First to discover and cross the Mississippi River
  • Period: 1565 to

    Spain

    Viceroys - governors who ruled in the name of the Crown – initially Cortez
  • Period: to

    England

    Sir Walter Raleigh John White Virginia Dare
  • Jamestown

    1st successful English settlement
  • France

    Samuel de Champlain
    *Dutch West India Company
  • Dutch Republic

    Peter Minuit
  • Anne Hutchinson

    was brought up in heresy charges
  • Pequot War

    Pequot were virtually wiped out by the English
  • Period: to

    King Philip's War

  • Proclamation

  • Boston Massacure

    A clash between British troops and townspeople in Boston in 1770.
    The British fired into a crowd that was threatening them, killing five civilians and wounding 6 others.
  • Lexington and Concord

    First Battle
  • Lexington and Concord

    British General Thomas Gage sent 700 soldiers to destroy guns and ammunition the colonists had stored in the town of Concord, just outside of Boston.
    They also planned to arrest Samuel Adams and John Hancock, two of the key leaders of the patriot movement.
  • Declaration of Independence

    Thomas Jefferson
    Listed all of the colonists grievances against the Crown; explained why they were declaring independence.
  • Treaty of Paris

    Result of the end of the American resolution
  • Land Ordinance

    Congress sold tracts of land to raise money
    Divided land into 36-square-mile units with Unit 16 set aside for schools
    Divided the Ohio Territory
  • Northwest Ordinance

    Created guidelines for admission as states in the US
    At 5,000 settlers, territory could send a non-voting representative to Congress
    At 60,000 settlers, territory could apply for statehood
    Outlawed slavery in the area
  • Judiciary Act

    No details for a court system in the Constitution
    Federal law remained the “Supreme Law of the Land”
    Washington wanted to set up a federal court system headed by a Supreme Court
    Chief justice, five associate justices
    More justices added over time
  • Cotton Gin

  • Period: to

    Amendments 11-27

    Amendments added to the Constitution between 1795 and 1992 to protect the rights of citizens in the United States
  • Election of 1796

    Thomas Jefferson (Democratic Republican) v. John Adams (Federalist)
    John Adams elected as the 2nd president
    Thomas Jefferson - his political rival, becomes Vice President
    Federalist President
    Democratic Republican Vice President
    Constitution did not call for separate Electoral votes for president and vice president
    Federalist Era
  • Twelfth Amendment

    As a result of the Elections of 1796 and 1800, in which votes were cast for all candidates, including running mates for Vice President, the Electoral College was required to cast separate ballots for President and Vice President
  • Interchangeable Parts

  • Embargo Act

    British impressments of US sailors continued, in spite of Jay’s Treaty
    British blockading US ships bound for France
    US did not want to get involved with problems between Britain and France
    President Jefferson declared an embargo(no trade) with Britain and France
    Jefferson’s alternative to war
    Believed it would hurt Britain and other European countries and force them to accept American Neutrality
    Embargo actually hurt America more than Britain
    Very unpopular, mistake for Jefferson
  • Steam Boat

  • Battles

    Battle of Horseshoe Bend
    Cherokee assisted Andrew Jackson in defeating the Creeks, ho were allied with the British
    Opened up the Southwest for settlement
    Treaty of Ghent
    Ended the War of 1812 - no gains for either side
    Land boundaries returned to prewar status
    Battle of New Orleans
    Won after Treaty of Ghent - made Jackson a national hero
    Jackson’s troops defeated the British
    US suffered 8 deaths, the British suffered over 700
  • James Monroe Elected President

    James Monroe 5th President of the United States
    “Era of Good Feelings”
  • Panic

    US faced widespread economic problems
    Foreclosures
    Bank failures
    Unemployment
    Slump in agriculture and manufacturing
  • McCulloch v. Maryland

    Supreme Court (John Marshall) ruled that Congress had the right to establish a national bank under the Necessary and Proper (Elastic) Clause of the Constitution
    Power of federal government over state government
  • Adams Onis Treaty

    Secretary of State - John Quincy Adams
    Negotiated a treaty with Spain
    US acquired Florida and established a firm boundary between the Louisiana Territory (US territory through the Louisiana Purchase) and Spanish territory in the west
  • Missouri Compromise

    The extension of slavery into new territories divides the North and South - conflict over state’s rights
    Northern economy based on manufacturing
    Southern economy based on slavery - “cotton kingdom”
    Needed a balance of slave and free states to maintain the sectional balance
  • Texas

    Mexico gained independence from Spain - Texas part of Mexico
  • Monroe Doctrine

    Stated American continents were no longer open to colonization - US would view any attempt as an act of aggression
    Stated that the US would not interfere in the affairs of other nations
    Europe should stay out of western hemisphere
  • Gibbons v. Ogden

    Supreme Court (John Marshall) ruled that only Congress had the power to regulate interstate commerce and foreign trade
  • Erie Canal

    Increase in trade, decrease in shipping rates and shipping time
    Connected the Great Lakes with the Hudson River and the Atlantic Ocean
  • New Harmony

    Sharing everything, live in harmony
  • Tariff of Abominations

    Protective tariff designed to protect northern manufacturing from competition from cheaper British imports
  • Indian Removal Act

    Congress passed the Indian Removal Act - authorized the removal of Native Americans from the SE United States
  • Nat Turner’s Rebellion

    Virginia
    Led by a slave - Nat Turner - rebellion was a failure
    Caused the south to strengthen slave codes (laws restricting activities and conduct of slaves)
  • The Liberator

    an anti-slavery newspaper -
    Used the freedom of press to get his message out.
  • Worcester v. Georgia

    The Cherokee appealed to the US Supreme Court
    Court ruled that the Cherokee had a right to remain on their land and could not be forcibly removed
  • Mechanical Reaper

  • Trail of Tears

    President Jackson ignored the court’s decision
    Troops sent to round up Cherokee and move them to Oklahoma
    800 mile march
    Over a quarter of the Cherokee died from disease, starvation, and weather exposure
  • The Alamo

  • Steel Plow

  • The National Road

  • Brook Farm

    Based on transcendentalism
  • Telegraph

  • Oregon

  • Period: to

    Mexican War

  • Oneida

    Every man married to every women
  • Women's Right Movement

    Stanton called for women to be given the right to vote
    Seneca Falls Convention
    first women’s rights convention
  • Mexican Cession

  • California Gold Rush

  • Gadsden Purchase

    Gave the United States parts of New Mexico and Arizona for $10 million from Mexico
  • Homestead Act