American History 1

  • Jul 3, 1492

    Christopher Columbus

    Christopher Columbus
    This first contact with North America and Native Americans led to the “Columbian Exchange”
  • Sep 8, 1492

    The Columbian Exchange

    The Columbian Exchange
    Refers to a period of cultural and biological exchanges between the New and Old Worlds.
  • Jun 28, 1519

    Hernando Cortez

    Hernando Cortez
    Conquered the Aztec Empire
  • Sep 15, 1532

    Francisco Pizzaro

    Francisco Pizzaro
    Conquered the Inca Empire in Peru
  • Aug 9, 1565

    Spanish Settlement in the Americas

    Spanish Settlement in the Americas
    Spanish settlers and Native Americans intermarried, creating a mixed race called mestizos.
  • English Settlement in the Americas

    English Settlement in the Americas
    Roanoke – 1st attempt at English settlement – “The Lost Colony”
    Founded on Roanoke Island off the coast of NC
  • Jamestown, Virginia

    Jamestown, Virginia
    1st successful English settlement!
  • French Settlement in the Americas

    French Settlement in the Americas
    New France – along the St. Lawrence River and the Great Lakes.
    Quebec,Montreal – Canada
    Detroit (Michigan), New Orleans (Louisiana)
  • Dutch Settlement in the Americas

    Dutch Settlement in the Americas
    New Amsterdam – Hudson River
    New York City, Albany, Long Island, New Jersey.
  • Puritan Dissent

    Puritan Dissent
    Believed in religious freedom, separation of church and state, and fair treatment of the Native Americans
  • Native American Resistance

    Native American Resistance
    Pequot Indians in Connecticut resisted white settlement
  • The Road to Revolution

    The Road to Revolution
    As a result, both nations made claims on this territory and a race began to see who would control it.
  • French and Indian War

    French and Indian War
    Britain v. French and Native Americans
    Fighting French settlers and Native Americans over land
  • Causes of American Revolution

    Causes of American Revolution
    Forbade colonists from settling west of the Appalachian Mountains and put the territory under British military control.
  • Boston Massacre

    Boston Massacre
    The killings increased the colonists desire to declare their independence from Great Britain.
  • Lexington and Concord

    Lexington and Concord
    British General Thomas Gage sent 700 soldiers to destroy guns and ammunition the colonists had stored in the town of Concord, just outside of Boston.
  • The Declaration of Independence

    The Declaration of Independence
    Listed all of the colonists grievances against the Crown; explained why they were declaring independence
  • End of the American Revolution

    End of the American Revolution
    Americans won the war,
    War was officially ended with the Treaty of Paris
  • The United States Constitution

    The United States Constitution
    Delegates met to revise the Articles of Confederation but decided to create a new constitution
  • Judiciary Act of 1789

    Judiciary Act of 1789
    Washington wanted to set up a federal court system headed by a Supreme Court
  • Jay’s Treaty - Great Britain

    Jay’s Treaty - Great Britain
    British began stopping US ships bound for France and impressing seamen (taking US sailors captive and forcing them to serve the British)
    Intended to hurt the French, but hurt US trade
  • Amendments 11-27

    Amendments 11-27
    Amendments added to the Constitution between 1795 and 1992 to protect the rights of citizens in the United States
  • Louisiana Purchase

    Louisiana Purchase
    Napoleon agreed to sell the entire Louisiana Territory to the United States for $15 million dollars
    Effects:
    Doubled the size of the United States
    Economic turning point for the US
  • Burr - Hamilton Duel

    Burr - Hamilton Duel
    Burr and Hamilton were political adversaries - most famous - Election of 1800
    Burr killed Hamilton; he died the following day of his wounds
  • Lewis and Clark Expedition

    Lewis and Clark Expedition
    Along the way, a Native American woman was enlisted to serve as a guide and interpreter - Sacajawea.
    The expedition led to a large migration of settlers to the Pacific Northwest - traveled via the Oregon Trail
  • Embargo Act of 1807

    Embargo Act of 1807
    US did not want to get involved with problems between Britain and France
    President Jefferson declared an embargo(no trade) with Britain and France
    Jefferson’s alternative to war
    Believed it would hurt Britain and other European countries and force them to accept American Neutrality
  • Era of Good Feelings

    Era of Good Feelings
    Following the War of 1812, the United States entered into a period of national pride and political unity
  • Adams Onis Treaty

    Adams Onis Treaty
    US acquired Florida and established a firm boundary between the Louisiana Territory (US territory through the Louisiana Purchase) and Spanish territory in the west
  • Panic of 1819

    Panic of 1819
    US faced widespread economic problems
    Foreclosures
    Bank failures
    Unemployment
    Slump in agriculture and manufacturing
  • McCulloch v. Maryland

    McCulloch v. Maryland
    Supreme Court (John Marshall) ruled that Congress had the right to establish a national bank under the Necessary and Proper (Elastic) Clause of the Constitution
    Power of federal government over state government
  • Monroe Doctrine

    Monroe Doctrine
    Stated American continents were no longer open to colonization - US would view any attempt as an act of aggression
  • Gibbons v. Ogden

    Gibbons v. Ogden
    Supreme Court (John Marshall) ruled that only Congress had the power to regulate interstate commerce and foreign trade
  • Tariff of Abominations

    Tariff of Abominations
    Protective tariff designed to protect northern manufacturing from competition from cheaper British imports
  • Nat Turner’s Rebellion

    Nat Turner’s Rebellion
    Caused the south to strengthen slave codes (laws restricting activities and conduct of slaves)
  • My birthday

    My birthday
    the best day