American Colonial/Revolutionary History

  • Period: to

    Colonial America

  • The Virginia Company founds Jamestown

  • John rolfe begins growing tobacco

    Raw materials for England
    Gave England further cause to establish more colonies
    Saved Colony economically
  • PIlgrims arrive by Mayflower

    Setup Plymouth Massachusetts
    Mayflower Compact
  • New York Colony

    Renamed in 1664
    port of entry
    ship building etc.
  • Massachusetts bay Colony

    John Winthrop
    Royal Charter
    Provision for local government
    City upon a Hill
  • Maryland

    Calvert/ Lord Baltimore
    Act of Toleration (not tolerant)
  • Rhode Island

    Roger Williams, Anne Hutchinson
  • Connecticut

    Thomas Hooker
    New Haven
  • New Hampshire

  • Delaware

  • Fundamental Orders of Connecticut

    representative government
    legislature of popular vote
    governor by legislauter
  • New England Confederation

    military alliance vs. Native Americans
  • North Carolina

  • Navigation Act of 1660

    All goods exported by English ships
    only trade sugar, cotton, tobacco, wood, pitch, and tar
  • Halfway Covenants

    allowed certain people to retain church privelages w/o becoming official members
  • South Carolina

  • Second Navigation Act of 1663

    Unload cargo upon arriving in England for taxation
  • New Jersey

  • Restraining Acts of 1669

    banned factoris in the colonies
    banned export of woolen products
  • Bacon's Rebellion

    Western Virginian came under Native American attack
    Nathaniel Bacon leads rebellion
    Attacked peaceful Indian camps and government buildings
  • Pennsylvania

    William Penn
    Safe haven for persecuted
  • Dominion of New England

    Combined New york, New Jersey, and others
    Sir Edmund Andros= governor
    levied taxes, limited town meetings,revoked land titles
  • Salem Witch Trials

    Puritan accusations of witchcraft
  • First Great Awakening

    elicit an emotional response
    development of democratic thought
    demand for religious freedom
  • Georgia

    Protection for South Carolina
    Oversized Debtors prison
    James Oglethorpe
  • Molasses Act

    Curtail colonial trade w/ West Indies
    rarely enforced
  • Zenger Trials

    John Peter Zenger
    criticized New york's royal governor
    Andrew Hamilton (lawyer)
    gave more freedom to press
  • Albany Plan of Union

    seven colonies
    provided for an intercolonial government
    system for recruiting troops and colleting taxes
  • French and Indian War

    French built forts in Ohio River Valley
    George Washington sent to stop forts
    Washington attacks
    French and Indians retaliate
    British Win etc.
  • Peace of Paris

    Peace treaty ending F&I war
    GB Got French Canada and Spanish Florida
  • Results of F&I War

    British= low opinion of colonial military effort, disorderly, refused to contribute
    Colonial: confidence in themselves, unity
  • Pontiac's Rebellion

    Chief Pontiac led a major attack against colonial settlements
    British sent troops to deal with the rebellion instead of colonial troops
  • Period: to

    Seeking Independence

  • Proclamation of 1763

    Prohibited colonists from settling west of the Appalachian mountains
    hoped to prevent future hostilities
    Amerians denied from access to western lands
  • Sugar Act/ revenue Act of 1764

    duties on foreign sugar (luxury tax)
    stricter enforcement of the Navigation Acts
    tried in admiralty courts
  • Quartering Act

    Required colonists to provide food and living quarters for b/ritish soldiers
  • Stamp Act

    Revenue stamps be placed on most printed paper in the colonies (legal documents, newspapers, pamphlets, advertisemnets, cards)
    First direct tax
  • Stamp Act Congress

    Representatives from nine Colonies
    only elected representatives had the legal authority toapprove taxes
  • Declaratory Act

    Repeal the Stamp Act
    Face saving measure
    asserted that parliament had the right to tax and make laws for the colonies
  • Townshend Acts

    New duties on colonial tea, glass, and paper
    raised to pay crown officials
    search of private homes
    writ of assistance
    suspended New York's assembly
  • Massachusetts Circular Letter

    urged various colonies to petition Parliament
  • Boston Massacre

    5 people killed after harassing guards
  • Gaspee Incident

    Colonists set fire to a british customs ship
  • Tea Act

    made the price of British East india Company tea cheaper
  • Intolerable Acts

    Port Act: Closed the port of boston, prohibiting trade until tea was paid for
    Massachusetts Government Act: reduced teh power of massachusetts legislature
    Administration of Justice Act: royal officials tried in England
    Quartering act: same as before
    Quebec Act: organized Canadian lands (CATHOLICISM)
  • First Continental Congress

    Determine how the colonies should react to british acts
    no desire for independence
    restore relationship
    Suffolk Resolves: rejected intolerable Acts
    made military preparations
    Declaration of Rights and Grievances
    Meeting of Second Congress in 1775
  • Lexington and Concord

    First shots of Revolution
  • Second Continental Congress

    Declaration of the Causes and Necessities for taking up Arms (Troops)
    Olive Branch Petition (rejected)
  • Bunker hill

    Breed's hill
    British victory, but with heavy losses
  • Declaration of Independence

  • Battle at Saratoga

    British army surrender
    persuaded France to join (Franco-American Alliance)
  • Battle of Yorktown

    Washington forced surrender of British Army
  • Treaty of Paris

    Britain would recognize US independence
    Mississippi River would be the western boundary
    Americans would have fishing rights off the coast of Canada
    Americans would pay back their debts
  • Shay's Rebellion

    Captain Daniel Shays
    led farmers against high state taxes, imprisonment for debtm and lack of paper money
    state milita broke the rebellion