American Civil War Timeline

  • Election of 1860

    US HistoryAbraham Lincoln, a republican abolitionist, got elected President of the United States. Due to the tightly strung political tension, this election led to the secession of the southern states, and the forming of the Confederate States of America.
  • The south seceded

    US HistorySouth Carolina secedes from the Union first, but Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, and Texas seceded by Febuary 1st 1861. They then formed the Confederate States of America, and elected Jefferson Davis as their president.
  • Attack of Ft. Sumter

    US HistoryConfederates attacked Ft.Sumter in South Carolina at the entrance to Charlston Harbor. President Lincoln declared war after surrenduring. The Confederates had won the first battle of the CIvil War.
  • Battle of Bull Run

    Library think questConfederate troops, under the command of General Thomas Jackson, were loosing at first, but after more troops arrived during the night, Confederates pushed the Union back, and won the battle. This abolished any hopes of a short war.
  • Battle of Shiloh

    civilwar.orgConfederates caught Grant off guard, and pushed the Union line back. When more union soldiers arrived in the night Grant forced the Confederates to retreat. The Union won this battle.
  • Seven Days Battle

    civilwar.orgThis battle started June 26, and ended June 33. This battle was This battle was fought in Virginia under the command of Confederate General Robert E. Lee, who resigned from the U.S. Army to join the Confederates, and under general George McClellan. After the battle had started, Confederates suffered many deaths, but eventually forced McClellan, to retreat.
  • Battle of Antietam

    Civil War.orgConfederates crossed into maryland hoping for a victory on Union soil, but instead would get the single most bloodiest day of the war, or in US History. The Union won after Lee lost more than one third of his troops.
  • Emancipation Proclamation

    nps.govIt was Issued by Abraham Lincoln after the Antietam war. This called for all slaves in nonoccupied areas in rebellion agenst the Union to bee freed by January 1st 1863. This allowed nearly 180,000 slaves to serve in the Union. Although a nice idea, it did not affect the South, where nearly all slaves were held, because they didnt obey laws set out by the Union because they no longer were part of the Union.
  • Battle of Gettysburg

    history.netIn Pennsylvania, Gettysburg, the Union and Confederates clashed in a great deal of blood and gore. The Confederates pushed the union back, but the next day the Union turned on a giant Confederate attack. This was the final major battle of the war. Because the Union won this major battle, they won the entire civil war.
  • Second Battle of Bull Run In the Second Battle of Bull Run was under the command of Union General Pope, and Confederate General Lee. Lee caught Pope off guard and watched his army crumble. This was definitly a major win for lee, and the Confederates.
  • Gettysburg Adress

    myloc.govThe Gettysburg Adress was the speech Abraham Lincoln dedicated to the Union winning the war. The first few lines of this speech are some of Lincoln's most famous words, "Four score and seven years ago..." This speech reminded Americans of the Ideas on which the Republic was formed.
  • The South's surrender

    eyewitnesshistory.comAfter General Grants breakthrough of Lee's defenses at Petersburg, Lee surrendured to Grant, realizing winning the war was hopeless. They met at the Appomattox Courthouse, and it was offical. The North had won the Civil War.
  • Appomattox Courthouse

    nps.govThe Appomattox Courthouse is the Place where General Lee surrendured to Grant. It is located in Petersburg, Virginia. The two Generals began chatting for approximatly 25 minutes as acquaintances before the subject of surrender was even brought up.