American Civil War

Timeline created by C Cordeiro
  • Battle at Fort Sumter

    Federalist occupied the Fort to defend Charleston Harbour under Gen. Anderson. After heavy bombardment they surrendered. Union troops tried to regain the fort the entire war but were unable. Naval barricade used by Union to stop Confederate use of the harbour
  • Lincoln orders blockade of Southern Ports

    Following bombing of Fort Sumter. Lincoln orders blockade of all Southern Ports
  • Battle of First Bull Run(First Manassas )

    Battle of First Bull Run(First Manassas )
    Confederates fall back to defend First Manassas railway. Union troops try to take the Confederates down at Bull Run River but Confederates superior artillery pushes force them to retreat. Uncontrolled retreat involving civilians. Confederates too disorganized to persue
  • McClellan made General in Cheif

    McClellan takes over from Scott
  • Taking of Port Royal

    Admiral du pont conquers Port Royal, South Carolina. Opens up Georgia and Florida coasts, provoking Lee to be sent in protection of the coasts. The strenghening of the bloakade
  • Trent Affair

    Ambassodors to France and England were captured on Trent. However, Seward calmed the situation and relised the Ambassodors
  • Taking of Forts Henry and Donelson

    Taking of Forts Henry and Donelson
    U.S. Grant easily takes Fort Henry opening the Tennessee River to Federal Control. Fort Donelson is taken later on Feb 11. Unconditional Surrender Grant
  • Battle of the Monitor and Merrimack

    First Iron-clad battle
  • Shiloh

    After capturing forts on the Cumberland and Tennessee Grant nearly forced Confederates to retreat to Mississippi. Confederate counter attack at Shiloh sends the North back. Death of southern commander Johnston
  • Seven Days Battle

    Instead of retreating as his previous General had done, General Lee attacks McClellan’s rear. Afternoon seven days pushes the Army of the Potomac to Harrison’s Landing on the James river. Virginia is secured
  • Battle of Second Bull Run

  • Emancipation Proclamation

    Changed status of slaves in slave states to free men if they could escape Confederate government. Slave holders would not be compensated. Slaves whose masters made peace with the Union before 1st Jan 1863 not free Lincoln used this as motivation to the border states to join the Union.
  • Antietam

    After pursuing the Confederate general Robert E. Lee into Maryland, Maj. Gen. George B. McClellan of the Union Army launched attacks against Lee's army, in defensive positions behind Antietam Creek. At dawn. Part of General Lee's invasion on Maryland. Ends in Confederate Retreat. Emancipation Proclamation takes place after
  • Battle of Antietam

    Bloodiest Battle of the Civil war. After severe losses on both sides Lee forced to retreat to Virginia. Mcllenen relieved of duty. Abraham Lincoln used it to set-up 13th amendment.
  • Fredericksburg

    Burnside launches attack across the Rapphannock at Fredericksburg. General Lee beats Union into retreat with high casualties (12,500)
  • Chancellorsville

    Lee able to out manouver the Union in the dense forest.
  • Vicksburg

    General Grant after 40 day seige takes the city of Vicksburg. Gives control of the Mississipi to the Union.
  • Gettysburg

    Lee dislodges the Union from the town. North retreats to Cemetery Ridge.
    Pickett makes failed attempt to take Cemetery Ridge. (23,000 Wounded or killed
  • Chattanooga is taken

    Chattanooga only East West Rail line U.S. Grant Leads Union. Bragg leads Confederates
  • 13th Ammendment

    Slavery is abolished federally
  • Sherman takes Atlanta

    After slow progress against General Joe Johnston all through the Summer, Johnston is replaced by Hood. Hood fails to stop Sherman, Sherman takes Atlanta
  • The March to the Sea

    Gen. Sherman marches through Georgia to Savannah Port destroying farms and supplies
  • Lee Surrenders at Appomattox

    Lee Surrenders to Grant at Appomattox Courthouse.
  • 14th Ammendment

    Granted full civil rights to all people born in U.S. (Black people still disallowed the vote)