Age of Exploration (Portuguese/Spanish)
Nov 29, 1402
Portugese and SpanishIn 1297, with the reconquista completed, king Dinis of Portugal took personal interest in exports and in 1317 he made an agreement with Genoese merchant sailor Manuel Pessanha, appointing him first Admiral of the Portuguese navy, with the goal of defending the country against Muslim pirate raids
Portugal's neighbouring fellow Iberian rival, Castile, had begun to establish its rule over the Canary Islands, located off the west African coast, in 1402, but then became distracted by internal Iberian
Nov 29, 1418
New LandsThe Age of Discovery, also known as the Age of Exploration, was a period starting in the early 15th century and continuing to the 17th century during which Europeans explored Africa, the Americas, Asia and Oceania.
Period: Oct 10, 1487 to Nov 7, 1488
DiasHe sailed around the southernmost tip of Africa in 1488, the first European known to have done so . He sailed around the southern tip of Africa in the hope of finding a trade route to India.
Period: Aug 3, 1492 to Mar 15, 1493
ColumbusDuring his first voyage in 1492, instead of reaching Japan as he had intended, Columbus landed in the Bahamas archipelago, at a locale he named San Salvador.
Jun 7, 1494
New lands signed Treaty of TordesillasIt divided the newly discovered lands outside Europe between Crown of Portugal and Crown of Castile (Spain) along a meridian west of the Cape Verde islands. This line of demarcation was about halfway between the Cape Verde Islands and the islands discovered by Christopher Columbus on his first voyage
Period: Nov 29, 1497 to Nov 29, 1498
Da GamaHe was a Portuguese explorer, one of the most successful in the Age of Discovery and the commander of the first ships to sail directly from Europe to India, being the first European to reach India through sea.
Period: Nov 29, 1500 to Nov 29, 1501
Cabralpicture of him
Cabral's armada famously discovered Brazil for the Portuguese crown along the way. By and large, the 2nd Armada's diplomatic mission to India failed, and provoked the opening of hostilities between the Kingdom of Portugal and the feudal city-state of Calicut, ruled by Zamorins.
Nov 29, 1519
Cortespicture of mapEven before Grijalva returned to Spain, Velázquez decided to send a third and even larger expedition to explore the Mexican coast. Hernán Cortés, then one of Velázquez's favorites and brother-in-law, was named as the commander, which created envy and resentment among the Spanish contingent in the Spanish colony.
Period: Nov 29, 1519 to Nov 29, 1521
Magellanpicture of him
Magellan's expedition became the first expedition to sail from the Atlantic Ocean into the Pacific Ocean, and the first to cross the Pacific. It also completed the first circumnavigation of the Earth, although Magellan himself did not complete the entire voyage, being killed during the Battle of Mactan in the Phillipines.
Period: Nov 29, 1521 to Nov 29, 1522
Elcanopicture of him
As Ferdinand Magellan's second in command, Elcano took over after Magellan's death in the Philippines. The fleet sailed across the Atlantic Ocean to the eastern coast of Brazil and into Puerto San Julián in Argentina. Several days later they discovered a passage known as the Strait of Magellan located in the southern tip of South America and sailed through the strait.