A Period of Transition

  • Yalta Conference (Cold War)

    The Yalta Conference was the wartime meeting with the leaders of government of the United States, the United Kingdom, and the Soviet Union, to discuss what to do post World War II.
  • Roosevelt dies (Cold War)

    Harry Truman takes over, he is very anticommunism and the tensions between the USSR and the US increase.
  • Potsdam Conference (Cold War)

    This was when there was a loss of trust between the US and the USSR, this conference highlighted that the goals of both nations are very different
  • Ho Chi Minh Creates Provisional Government (Vietnam War)

    After Japan surrendered to Allied forces, Ho Chi Minh and his People's Congress create the National
    Liberation Committee of Vietnam to form a government. Japan transfers all power to Ho's Vietminh, then Ho declares independence of Vietnam
  • Indochina War Begins (Vietnam War)

    Following months of slowly and consistently deteriorating relationship, the Democratic Republic of Vietnam launches its firstconsorted attack against the French, which is an allied power.
  • Berlin Airlift (Cold War)

    This carried supplies to the people in West Berlin, the United States Air Force and the United Kingdom's Royal Air Force flew over 200,000 flights in one year, providing up to 4700 tons of daily necessities such as fuel and food
  • Soviets 1st Atomic Bomb (Cold War)

    The Soviet project to develop an atomic bomb was a clandestine research and development program begun during and post-World War II, in the wake of the Soviet Union's discovery of the United States' nuclear project.
  • Communist Witch Hunt (Cold War)

    Joesph McCarthy was a man in congress who was very afriad of the spread of communism and made it his personal goal to stop communism. Then he indicted as many as he could, giulty or inoocent, to help as he thought he was.
  • Brown v. Board (Civil Rights)

    Overuled the Plessy v. Ferguson determination that seperate but equal is okay. This allowed black children to attend formerly white public schools.
  • Geneva Conference (Vietnam War)

    The resolution of a two - state solution, South Vietnam as a democratc country and north vietnam as the communist part of vietnam. The two year plan was to reabilitate Vietnam so they will be able to hold there own elections.
  • Warsaw Pact (Cold War)

    The Warsaw Treaty Organization of Friendship, Cooperation, and Mutual Assistance. this pAct between the United States and the Soviets was basically just saying that there wuld be no attacks put onto each other secret or not.
  • Emmett Till Murdered (Civil Rights)

    Emmett whistled at a white woman in the south, he was then dragged behind a car and put in a river dead. His open casket funeral showed the hatred that the south still had towards blacks.
  • South Vietnam Declares its Independence (Vietnam War)

    South Vietnam declares itself the Republic of Vietnam, with newly elected Ngo Dinh Diem as president.
  • Montgomery Bus Boycott (Civil RIghts)

    Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat to a white man, and was arrested. The NAACP got involved and boycotted the buses for a year until an agreement to end segregation on public transportation.
  • Civil Rights Act (Civil Rights)

    This Civil Rights act protected the right to vote. THis was importat because it was the first civil rights legislation since reconsturction
  • Sputnik (Cold War)

    Sputnik launched into orbit, this was the beginning of the Soviet Union getting involved in the world wide space race. Just the idea of knowing that it is possible for the United States to be on the same level as the Soviets was a scary idea.
  • The first Sit-In (Civil Rights)

    The basic plan of the sit-ins was that a group of students would go to a lunch counter and ask to be served. If they were not, they would not move until they had been. If they were arrested, a new group would take their place. The students always remained nonviolent. The first sit in did nothing to promote change
  • U.S Spy Plane Shot Down U-2 (Cold War)

    The U-2 incident was when a United States apy plane that was not suppose to be there was shot down by Soviet armed forces over Soviet territory. The United States first denied the true reason for the planes mission because it was a true embarassment and made tensions even worse.
  • Formation of Nation Liberation Front (Vietnam War)

    The NLF or the Vietcong was a political army in North Vietnam and Cambodia that fought the United States and South Vietnamese governments. They were the people that made the Vietnam war memorable fighting tactis, guerilla warfar. With the punji sticks, and their tunnel systems. They were hidden and ballsy which made it harder to fight back, or even win a battle.
  • Bay of Pigs (Cold War)

    An unsuccessful action by a CIA-trained force of Cuban exiles to invade southern Cuba, with support and encouragement from the US government, in an attempt to overthrow the Cuban government of Fidel Castro
  • Freedom Rides(Civil RIghts)

    These rides called national attention to the disregard for the federal law and the local violence used to enforce segregation in the southern United States. They rode buses over state lines to test how well the supreme court's decision was being carried out
  • Cuba gains missle power (Cold War)

    Senator Kenneth Keating tells the Senate that there is evidence of Soviet missile installations in Cuba, solid proof (photos are released)
  • Kennedy Ends the Cuban Missle Crisis ( Cold War)

    Kennedy sends Khrushchev a letter stating that he will make a statement that the U.S. will not invade Cuba if Khrushchev removes the missiles from Cuba, which he then does.
  • Birmingham Campaign (Civil RIghts)

    A nonviolent movement to end the way the government (Police force) treated blacks. THis led to a change in discrimination and treatment laws in Brimingham.
  • "I Have a Dream" Speech (Civil RIghts)

    The March on Washington including the climax with the "I Have Dream" speech, put much more pressure on the Kennedy administration to advance civil rights legislation in Congress. This speech defined the entire movement.
  • Diem Overthrown, Murdered (Vietnam War)

    With tacit approval of the United States, operatives within the South Vietnamese military overthrow Diem. He and
    his brother Nhu are shot and killed in the aftermath.
  • Assassination of John F. Kennedy (Cold War) (Civil RIghts)

    President was assassinated by Lee Harvey Oswald, slowing down Civil RIghts, and Cold War isssues
  • The 24th Amendment (Civil RIghts)

    This outlawed poll taxes in federal elections, which led to higher voting numbers from the poor or minorities. it was only ratified by 38 states.
  • Civil Rights Act (Civil RIghts)

    This act protected the voting rights held by African americans. It ended unequal application of voter registration requirements and racial segregation in schools, at the workplace and by facilities that served the general public
  • Gulf Tonkin Incident ( Vietnam War)

    The US Maddox was attcked by three Vietnamese boats. This was Johnsons excuse to truely start the Vietnam War, the incident was not that big a deal but was exaggerated to show the american people that it was nesecary in enter the War.
  • Gulf of Tonkin Resolution (Vietnam War)

    The U.S. congress passes the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution, giving President Johnson the power to take whatever
    actions he sees necessary to defend Southeast Asia.
  • Rolling Thunder (Vietnam War)

    A sustained U.S. aerial bombing campaign of North Vietnam begins (Operation Rolling Thunder). This was gradual and sustained US 2nd Air Division US Navy, and Republic of Vietnam Air Force aerial bombardment mission against the Democratic Republic of Vietnam.
  • Bloody Sunday (Civil RIghts)

    A march to bring focus to violated voting rights when 600 civil rights marchers were attacked by state and local police with billy clubs and tear gas.
  • United States invades Vietnam (Vietnam War)

    The first U.S. combat troops arrive in Vietnam. Then soon U.S. troops in Vietnam reaches 540,000.
  • Selma to Montgomery March (Civil RIghts)

    A series of three marches that wanted to call attention to the violations of their voting rights.
  • U.S. Maries in Dominican Republic

  • Thurgood Marshall appointed to the Supreme Court (Civil Rights)

    He was the first black person to serve on the Supreme Court, argued many civil right movement cases in front of the court system.
  • Mai Lai (Vietnam War)

    U.S. soldiers kill hundreds of Vietnamese civilians in the town of Mai Lai. Then on November 13, 1969, the American public learns of the Mai Lai massacre. And soon the moral of the Vietnam war changes from being supported then became very uncooperative.
  • Assassination of Martin Luther King Jr. (Civil Rights)

    The face of the Civil Rights Movement within the United States, he advocated nonviolence, and was killed while supporting a march for wages. The president then gave him a day as a national honor
  • Civil Rights Act (Civil RIghts)

    This provided for equal housing opportunities regardless of race, creed, or national origin,backed by federal power.
  • Campus and U.S. Population Revolts (Vietnam War)

    President Nixon announces that U.S. troops will attack enemy locations in Cambodia. This news sparks nationwide protests, especially on college campuses.
  • North vs. South (Vietnam War)

    The North Vietnamese cross the demilitarized zone (DMZ) at the 17th parallel to attack South Vietnam in what became known as the Easter Offensive.
  • SALT 1 Signed (Cold War)

    Strategic Arms Limitation Talks, this talk between the Soviet Uion and the United States was all conducted to stop the developement of new weapons especially nuclear ones in both countries. This was all an atempt to lessen the tensions between the two covertly fighting countries.
  • South Vietnam Surrenders (Vietnam War)

    South Vietnam surrenders to the communists.
  • South and North Unify (Vietnam War)

    Vietnam is unified as a communist country, the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.