History 102 Timeline

  • Jan 1, 1543

    Publication of Copernicus's On the Revoluton of the Heavenly Spheres.

    Copernicus wrote this revoluntionary book about an heliocentric, or suncentered, universe during a period where everyone believed the Earth was the center. His works begins the Scientific Revolution.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1543 to

    Scientific Revolution

    The Scientific Revolution was a period when new ideas in physics, astronomy, biology, human anatomy, chemistry, and other sciences led to a rejection of doctrines that had prevailed starting from Ancient Greece through the Middle Ages. It laid the foundation of modern science
  • Period: Feb 15, 1564 to

    Life of Galileo Galileus

    Galileo's use of the telescope helped prove some of the theories put forth by Copernicus and farther people's doubt of the validity of the bible in the realm of science.
  • Establishment of Jamestown

    This is the first permanant English settlement in the New World (now known as the United States).
  • Landing of Mayflower in the New World

    The Mayflower ship transported the English Separatists, better known as the Pilgrims, from England to Plymouth, Massachusetts.
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    Period of the 18th Century where people questioned everything.
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    Reign of Louis XIV of France

    King Louis XIV of France is the perfect example of a king who ruled absolutely, without the counsel of others. He believed in the divine right of kings and used this theory to justify his tactics.
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    The War of Spanish Succession

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    French and Indian War/ Seven Years' War

    The French and Indian War was a seven-year war between England and the American colonies, against the French and some of the Indians in North America. When the war ended, France was no longer in control of Canada. The Indians that had been threatening the American colonists were defeated. This war had become a world war. Great Britain spent a great deal of money fighting the war and colonists fully participated in this war.
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    American Revolution

    This was a British colony's successful attempt to break away from the control of England and create the United States of America.
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    Industrial Revolution

    Period of time where technology allowed for increases in production and population.
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    French Revolution

  • Invention of Cotton Gin

    Invention of Cotton Gin
    Eli Whitney's invention which made cotton a more profitable crop by making it easier to separate the cotton fibers from the seed.
  • Monroe Doctrine

    Monroe Doctrine The US states that Europeans can no longer influence Southern American and the US will stay out of European affairs.
  • Decembrist Revolt in Russia

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    Irish Potato Famine

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    Mexican-American War

    War between the United States and Mexioo over the US annexation of Texas.
  • Napoleon Overthrows the Second Republic

    Napoleon Overthrows the Second Republic
    Napoleon Bonaparte overthrows the Second Republic and makes himself 'consult' of France. He goes on to lead France in many wars against strong European nations.
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    Crimean War

    First War which used the Railroads and telegraphs. Many people call this war the "first modern war."
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    American Civil War

    American Civil War This was the war which abolished slavery in the United States. In the beginning of the war, Abraham Lincoln's aim was to perserve the union, but by the end of the war, Lincoln saw the need to free the slaves.
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    Franco-Prussian War

    War with ended with the unification of Germany.
  • Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria Assassinated

    The head of Germany, Franz Ferdinand, is excecuted by Serbia's Black Hand terrorist group. This is the primary triggrer for WW1
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    World War 1

    Called the Great War, WW1 began in 1914 after the German leader was killed. The war involved France, the UK, the US, Russia, Austria-Hungry, Italy, Japan, and Germany. These were the superpowers of the era.
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    The Roaring 20's

    The 1920's saw a change in the US' culture. Women began to fight for equal rights such as the right to vote and many became "flappers" which were extreme women who dressed in what was considered a radical way.
  • Great Crash

    The Wall Street Stock Market crashes in October of 1929, leading to a worldwide Great Depression. Ended in 1941
  • German Invasion of Poland

    The German army begins WW2 by invading the country of Poland, where the Poles were outnumbered nearly 3 to 1, 62:1 in the Battle of Wizna, the two armies first meeting.
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    World War 2

    Started by Japan and Germany in the Pacific and Europe. It lasted 6 years and ended with the dropping of two Atomic Bombs, starting the Nuclear Age.
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    Battle of Britian

    German bombers and fighters regularly attacked targets in Britian such as England and other major towns.
  • Pearl Harbor attacked

    The US was attacked directly on their homeland at Pearl Harbor by the Japanese and offically enters WW2
  • Rise and Spread of Communism in Wartime and Post War

    (1943-1946)-The Soviet Union claimed during the wartime negotiations at Teheran and Yalta that it had a legitimate claim to control Eastern Europe. From the land that they had liberated from the Nazi’s rule, the Soviets were determined to maintain political, economic, and militant control. “ People’s Republics” (which were created by the Soviet Union in Eastern Europe) were created to be sympathetic towards Moscow, the Soviet capital.This sparked Church Hill’s famous Iron Curtain Speech.
  • Allied invasion of Europe

    D-Day was the turning point of WW2, when allied troops landed on the coast of Normandy, France. This is the first time allied troops have been in Europe since being pushed back at Dunkirk in 1940.
  • End of WW2

    The bombing of Hirosima, Japan and Nagasaki, Japan ended WW2 offically in the Pacific theater and in general. the bombs, dropped by US B24's were orderded by President Truman
  • Truman Doctrine and Containment

    At this time, the United Sates had countered the expansions of the Soviet Union’s power with massive organized programs of economic and military aid to Western Europe. Because of the speech to Congress in 1947 arguing for assistance from the military to aid to anticommunists in Greece, President Harry Truman created what would be later known as “The Truman Doctrine.” Truman’s doctrine was pledged to support the “free peoples” resistance to communism.
  • Marshall Plan and India's Independence

    Marshall Plan and India's Independence
    “The Marshall Plan” was created by Secretary of State George Marshall. This plan provided $13 billion dollars of aid for over four years to mostly all Eastern European states. India also gains its own independence, because of the widespread power gained by Mohandas Gandhi. The British found it impossible to control the mass amount of followers, this ended Britain’s long lived grasp on India and its culture once and for all.
  • Germany Divided

    Germany Divided
    Allies divided Germany into four parts of occupation along with the Soviet controlled city of Berlin. Because of conflict among fellow allied countries, the Soviets began to rebel by cutting all train, road, and river access to West Berlin. Supplies were air lifted over Soviet territories by allies to West Berlin during the Berlin Airlift. Berlin’s Blockade lasted from June 1948 to May 1949, ending with two Germanys: Republic and Democratic
  • NATO and a Communist China

    NATO and a Communist China
    The formation of NATO. The North Atlantic Treaty organization (NATO), which was created by Canada, United States, and Eastern European representatives along with later members: Turkey, Greece, and West Germany. Fallowing Soviet controlled Germany the Chinese Communism Revolution, under the leadership of Mao Zedong, began. The Chinese Revolution was a Chinese civil war against Communist insurgents. This revolution stood as a model for anti-colonialism.
  • Korean War

    The Korean war began in 1950 with a northern invasion by the Communists into the Democratic SSouth. This was the first time the Cold War turned hot.
  • Stalin's Death and a New Threat

    Stalin's Death and a New Threat
    Stalin dies and Nikita Khrushchev begins a slow acceleration to power. Besides his hospitality for the West, Khrushchev still was able to ease tension. A ban was put on nuclear testing when Khrushchev submitted a meeting among foreign officials from Britain, France, and America. This was also the time testing for the Hydrogen Bomb began.
  • Vietnam War and Protests

    Vietnam War and Protests
    Into The Fire by SabatonThe Vietnam War, from 1955 to 1974 with US involvement coming in 1964 and '65. Another case of the Cold War turning hot.
  • The Wall

    The Wall
    In 1961, in order to prevent more spread of Democracy, the Communists erected a wall, called the Berlin Wall, which literally seperated East and West Germany.
  • Acquired immune deficiency syndrome

    AIDS is dscovered in 1981 and has since become a pandamic with 60 million infected n 2009. It still has no cure but several treatments has been developed with some success.
  • The Gulf War

    From August 1990 to Feberary !991, after a decade long conflict in Iraq and Iran, the US and other UN forces became involved in the Gulf War after oil-rich Kuwait was invaded.
  • 9/11

    On September 11, 2001, the US was attacked, for the first time since Pearl Harbor, on its own soil. This caused an ongoing war in the middle east as well as a so called "war on terror".