Historical Figures in the Field of Mental Retardation
Paved the way for involuntary sterilization laws. Work:
Zealous supportor of compulsory sterilization.
"Hereditary defectives" are tramps, beggars, alcoholics, criminals, the feebleminded, the insane, etc.
Snitch on your neighbor. Why:
One step further than Goddard - i.e., instead of institutionalizing the feeble-minded, we should also sterilize them, too.
Pioneer of the eugenics movement in the U.S.
Created the concept of the "moron." Work:
The Kallikak Family (1931)
Mental retardation was a matter of tainted blood.
Moronity is best managed by segregation. Why:
In later years, Goddard recanted some of his findings.
Children with MR follow same developmental pattern as normal functioning children, just at a slower rate. Work:
Conservation and concrete operations.
Clay and Sugar Why:
Looked at abilities rather than IQ.
Helped begin deinstitutionalization.
Changed where people with MR were taught. Work:
Community could be more responsive to human needs.
People's roles should be based on abilities and interests. Why:
I agree with some of his major themes.
Developed the Social Role Valrisation (SRV) Work:
Grade society on how well it provides services to people with MR. Why:
Improved residential services for those with MR.