Bhutan

Timeline created by camri
  • 1949

    Treaty signed with newly-independent India guaranteeing non-interference in Bhutan's internal affairs, but allowing Delhi influence over foreign relations.
  • 1952

    National assembly established
  • 1958

    Slavery abolished. Other social reforms follow in subsequent years.
  • 1964-1965

    Prime minister killed in dispute among competing political factions. Unsuccessful attempt to assassinate monarch.
  • 1971

    Bhutan joins United Nations
  • 1972

    King Jigme Dorji Wangchuck dies and is succeeded by his son, Jigme Singye Wangchuck, who continues policy of cautious modernisation.
  • 1974

    First foreign tourists allowed in.
  • 1986

    New law granting citizenship on basis of length of residence in Bhutan.
  • 1990

    Violent ethnic unrest and anti-government protests in southern Bhutan pressing for greater democracy and respect for Nepali rights. Bhutan People's Party begins campaign of violence. Thousands of ethnic Nepalis flee to Nepal.
  • 1992

  • 1996

  • 1998

    King cedes some powers to national assembly, giving up role as head of government; cabinet now elected by assembly; famous "Tiger's Lair" Buddhist monastery damaged by fire.
  • 1999

    Limited television and internet services allowed; several dozen political prisoners released.
  • 2000

    First internet cafe opens in Thimphu; Bhutan hit by landslides following severe flooding in region, causing at least 200 deaths.
  • January

    Indian state of Assam says two rebel groups still have camps in Bhutan, despite Bhutan's deadline for them to leave the country by the end of 2001.
  • December

    Bhutanese soldiers fight Indian separatist rebels in an attempt to drive them from their bases in the south of the country.
  • March

    Proposed constitution is unveiled. It envisages a parliamentary democracy and will be adopted or rejected in a referendum.
  • June-August

    Bhutanese refugees in Nepal demonstrate over several weeks to press for third-country resettlement.
  • December

    King Jigme Singye Wangchuck abdicates; Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck, the crown prince, assumes the throne. The former monarch had been expected to stay in power until 2008.
  • February

    Bhutan signs a landmark agreement with India which revises ties with its neighbour, giving Bhutan more say over its foreign and defence policies
  • January and Feburary

    A string of bomb blasts hits the country ahead of elections set for March 24. The attacks are blamed on groups fighting for the rights of ethnic Nepalis exiled in 1991.
  • March

    Pro-monarchy Bhutan Harmony Party wins 44 out of the 47 seats in the country's first parliamentary elections. Another pro-monarchy party wins the remaining seats.
  • April

    Huanglongbing virus wipes out much of orange crop. Oranges are an important export for Bhutan.