Olivia's Timeline for AP US History.

  • Nov 14, 1002

    Leif Erikson Discovers North America

    Leif Erikson Discovers North America
    Leif Erikson was a Viking exlorer from Norway and the first European to land in North America, with a crew of 35. He did this nearly 500 years before Christopher Columbus who is credited for discovering America.
  • Period: Sep 30, 1095 to Nov 27, 1291


    The Crusades were a war over the Holy Land (Jerusalem). European Christains tried to take it from Muslims. This was a series bloody battles that took place until Islam was no longer a Menace to Europe.
  • Aug 2, 1492

    Columbus left England

    Columbus left England
    On this day Columbus left Enland in search of the East Indies. His trip was funded by Ferdinand and Isabella. During his trip he kept 2 records, one true and one false. He kept the false one to keep the crew from getting worried. The ironic this was the "false" record was more accurate than the "true."
  • Oct 12, 1492

    Columbus "discovered" America

    Columbus arrived in the Bahamas. He called the people of that area "Indians" because he thought he had ended in the West Indies. Columbus found a little bit of gold here.
  • Jul 7, 1494

    Treaty of Tordesillas

    Treaty of Tordesillas
    This divided the land outside of Europe between the Spanish and the Portuguese. This division gave the entire New World to Spain and Africa and India to Portugal.
  • Apr 2, 1513

    Ponce De Leon

    On this day Ponce De Leon of Spain discovered Flordia. He was in search of gold and the fountain of youth.
  • Sep 25, 1513


    Balboa was the first to cross the Ithmus of Panama. He discovered the Pacific ocean.
  • Period: Sep 4, 1550 to

    Purtians and Separatists

    This is the time in England where the separatists and the puritans formed. Puritians wanted to "purify" the Church of England and speed up this process, while the separatists wanted to completely separate from the Church of England because they had different beliefs.
  • Oct 1, 1566

    England and Spain's relationship ends.

    England decided to support the Netherlands who rebeled against spain.
  • Jamestown settlement

    Jamestown settlement
    On this date the Jamestown settlement was founded. The Virginia Company only sent out 3 ships with just men on it.
  • Period: to

    Salutary Neglect

    During the this time period England left the colonists alone and basically let them control themselves with a few exceptions.
  • The Mayflower

    The Mayflower
    A group of 102 people set out on a grueling 66 day journey, only half of which were separatists. They were part of the Virginia company and landed in Plymoth bay, far outside of their domain.
  • Mayflower Compact

    The Mayflower compact was signed shortly before the Mayflower arrived in Plymoth Bay. The compact said that majority ruled, MEN could vote, and a government would be established. The mayflower compact lead to democracy and town meetings.
  • Treaty sighed with Chief Massasoit

    This treaty was a treaty between the Plymoth Bay Colony and the Wampanoags Native Americans. It lasted more than 50 years!
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    Massachusetts Bay Colony

    Non-separatists got a charter to form this colony. In 1630 1000 people set off in 11 well-stocked ships. These colonists were way more prepared than the colonists at Plymouth. 70,000 people came to Massachusetts Bay Colony. This colony was said to be a "city on the hill." In this colony life expectancy was very high.
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    Plymouth Bay Colony

    The Plymouth Bay Colony was lead by William Bradford. It stayed relatively small. Plymouth Bay was belived to be a "model of Christain charity."
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    Pequot Wars

    These wars were against a very powerful tribe in the Connecticut River Valley. The tribe ended up being basically destroyed by the end.
  • First College

    First College
    Harvard was the first college established. It was started the teach ministers.
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    New England Confederation

    This was designed to unite colonies to protect themselves from outsiders.
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    Trade and Navagation Acts

    The Trade and Navagation acts were a series of laws that said said the goods had to be transported by English ships with English crews, certain materials could only be shipped to Britain and colonies were not allowed to manufacter certain goods. This lead to alot of smuggling.
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    King Philip's War

    King Philip, as he was known to the whites) was a Native American cheif. (His actual name was Metacom.) The only hope for the Native Americans in this war was for them to unite. This war ended poorly for the Native Americans; they had less supplies, poor quality weapons, etc) Metacom was beheaded and his wife and son were sold into slavery.
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    King William's War

    This was a fight for power between France and spain vs England.
  • 2nd College

    2nd College
    William and Mary was the second College to be established. It was also built to teach ministers.
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    Queen Anne's War

    This fight was originally French vs England, but the Spanish got envolved. When the two coutries ganged up on England, they reluctantly accepted the treaty.
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    The first Great Awakening

    The Great Awakening was a religious revival and it was very emotional. There were many splits within religious denominations at this time and many new denominations formed. There was a new interest in religon at this time and it also taught people to question authority.
    Newlights and oldlights were formed. New lights were emotion while oldlights were intellectual.
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    French Indian War

    This war started in the colonies over the Ohio River Valley. The British and the colonists didnt do good at the beginning of the war. When they one the French were out of the Ohio River Valley, England was in debt and Salutary Neglect ended.
  • Pontiac's Rebellion

    A tribe of Native Americans in the midwest attacked military and colonial outposts in the midwest.
  • Paxton Boys

    The Paxton Boys felt like they weren't protected during Poniac's Rebellion so the massacred a completely inocent tribe.
  • Boston Tea Party

    The colonists dressed up as Native Americans, dumped Birtish tea into the Boston Harbor.
  • Tea Act

    The British did this to save the East India Company from Bankrupsy. This gave the British a monopoly and put other merchants out of buisness.
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    The British tried to regain control of the colonies

    The British tried to regain control of the colonies by a series of acts and laws past.
  • Intollerable Acts

    This was a series of 5 acts passed by the British to punish them for the Boston Tea Party. They were going to keep these in affect until the money for the tea was payed back.
  • Battle at Lexington and Concord

    This was the beginning of the revolution. The "short heard round the world," Gage retreated back to Boston.
  • Declaration for Taking up Arms

    This was a list of reasons that the colonists went to war with the British.
  • Olive Branch Petition

    Pretty much said "lets be friends again." The king refused to even read it.
  • Prohibitory Act

    This prohibited anyone from Britian to trade with the colonies.
  • Declaration of Independence

    Thomas Jefferson wrote the Declaration. It was approved on the 2nd and signed on the 4th. There are 3 parts to the Declaration including the introduction, greviences, and summary.
  • Battle of Trenton

    George Washington picked this fight with the British. He retreated and crossed the Delaware.
  • Battle of Saratoga

    This was the turning point in the war because it lead to a French alliance.
  • Battle at Camden

    Resulted in a British victory. Gates, who was a coward, was replaced by Nathaniel Green. (He was considered the thr hero of the southern part of the revolution)
  • Battle at King's Mountain

    It was a huge victory for the colonists. It was also considered the turning point in the southern campaign.
  • Battle of Cowpens

    This was an overwelming victory for the colonists
  • Articles of Confederation

    Was the first plan for government in America and said how the country would operate. It has many weaknesses but also was a step in the right direction for America.
  • The British Surrender

    Washington was marching down and the French were coming by sea, Cornwallis had no choice but to surrender at Yorktown.
  • Treaty of Paris

    Set Mississippi River as Western Boundries, said America independent from Britian, and said that the British would evacuate thier forts in the midwest.
  • Land Ordinance of 1785

    This said that the midwest would be divided into 3-5 states
  • North West Ordinance of 1787

    This said that if a territory had 5000 adult men residents it could have a legislative, and if it had 60000 total residents it could draft a constitution.
  • Revolution of 1800

    Vice President Thomas Jefferson defeated president John Adams. This election helped the Republican Party rule and lead to the eventual demise of the Federalist Party in the First Party System.
  • Louisiana Purchase

    This strengthened the national gov., which Jefferson didn't like it
    Some Federalists didn't like it, because it strengthened Jefferson's gov.
  • Marbury v. Madison

    Adams spent his last night in office signing new people into office. James Madison (Jefferson's secretary) didn't deliver the appointments. Marbury sued for the job.
    Ruling:Said the positions were illegal
    -Created the power of Judicial Rule-
  • Chesapeake Incident

    Chesapeake was American ship in sight of US shore, British decided to capture the ship, and before boarding, demanded to search for boarders, and the American captain said “no.” British fired 3 times on the ship, causing it to not be seaworthy, take 3 hostages: African American, British deserter, and a guy born in Maryland.
  • Continental System

    Trade with Britain is illegal, so France will seize your ship. Passed by France.
  • Orders of Council and Continental System

    Said that all trade in Europe had to go through England. (passed by England)
  • Embargo of 1807

    Law passed by Congress and signed by President Thomas Jefferson in 1807. This law stopped all trade between America and any other country.
  • Non-intercourse act

    replaced the embargo
    mores specific (no trade with Britain or France)
    Effects- reopened trade
  • Erskine agreement.

    Agreement b/w Britain and US that they would drop the orders of council – reopened trade b/w the US and Britain.
    Ended up chnaging their minds.
  • Macon's bill # 2

    replaces Non- Intercourse Act
    offer to Britain and France
    “whichever one of you drops their trade restrictions, the US will trade with them and put an embargo on the other.”
    France “repeals” first
    said he intended to reopen trade with the United States
    - didn't really intend to.
    Although he was warned, he still believed France and put the embargo on Britain (john Quincy Adams told him this.)
  • Declaration of War

    House vote: 79 yes, 49 no
    Senate: 19 yes 13 no
    (not everyone wanted to go to war)
    We went to war with Britian instead of France because Republican's were in charge, We didn't like England, and lastly they were closer to us. (in control of Canada and Flordia at the time)
  • Battle of Lake Erie

    lost 80% of our men, but we won
    helps US maintain control of the NW
  • Battle of the Thames Land

    at this battle, Tecumseh is killed
    ends Indian unity in the NW
    thus, US has firm control of NW
  • Battle of Horseshoe Bend (March 1814)

    In Alabama, breaks Indian power in the Southwest
    Creek Indians v. Andrew Jackson
  • Battle of battle at plattsburgh

    US outnumbered 5 to 1
    US wins
    Thomas McDonough halts British advance cause Britain failed to get control of the lake
  • Chesapeake Battles

    The Battle at Bladensburg (races)
    95,000 militia summoned, 7,000 show up
    US sees the set-up, and ran away
    Because of this British invade, capture and burn Washington DC (the nerve point)
  • New Orleans: January 1815

    Andrew Jackson beat the British
    great victory, but it occurs after the war was officially over