The Federal Government passed an act stating that the Great Plains is one enormous reservation.
The Government Restricts Native Americans
Change in Policy
TheGovernment changed the policy that created treaties that specified boundaries for each tribe.
Sand Creek Massacre
The massacre at sand creek killed 1864 people. Mostly women, and children were killed. The tribe was attacked by U.S. Troops. This was one of the most tragic events in 1964.
Death on bozeman Trail
The sioux chief appealed to the government to end white settlement on the trail. He was not succesful. This was called the fetterman massacre.
Treaty of fort Laramie
The Treaty of Fort Laramie put a temporary halt to warfare.
Red River War
In late 1868, a war broke out yet again. After six years of this war, this led to the Red River War. The U.S. army responded to this by herding the people of friendly tribes onto reservatoins while opening fire on others.
Within four years of the treaty of Fort Laramie, miners began searching the Black Hills for gold. In 1874 when colonel George A. Custer reported that the Black Hills had gold "from the roots down", a gold rush was on.
Custer's Last Stand
Led by Crazy Horse, Gall, and Sitting Bull, the warriors-with raised spears and rifles- outflanked and crushed Custer's Troops. Thus, killing all of their men, and Colonel Custer himself.
The Dawes Act
In 1887, Congress passed the Dawes Act aiming to "Americanize" the Native Americans. The act broke up the reservations and gave some of the resrvation land to Individual Native Americans. (160 Acres to each head of household).
The seventh cavalry-Custer's Old regiment-rounded up about 350 starving and freezing sioux and took them to a camp at Wounded Knee creek in South Dakota. The next day, the soldiers demanded that the Native americans give up their weapons.