Important Dates in American History from 1492-1877

  • Oct 12, 1492

    Columbus Discovers America

    Columbus Discovers America
    Christopher Columbus unknowingly discovers America when he lands in the Bahamas in his quest to reach Asia
  • Jamestown is Founded

    Jamestown is Founded
    The first successful English settlement in North America
  • Bacon's Rebellion

    Bacon's Rebellion
    Bacon rebells againt governor Berkeley over relations with the Indians
  • The Great Awakening Begins

    The Great Awakening Begins
    Time period in which the idea that anyone can start over with God is prevalent
  • The Stamp Act and Crisis

    Tax on printed documents which affects and angers all colonists
  • The Boston Massacre

    The Boston Massacre
    Event involving five colonists ending up shot and killed
  • The Boston Tea Party

    The Boston Tea Party
    In response to the Tea Act, a good deal of colonists throw tea chests off of British ships and into the harbor
  • The American Revolution Begins

    Battles of Lexington and Concord signify the start of a war between the colonists and the British
  • Declaration of Independence

    Declaration of Independence A document which claims the states free and independent and lists the alleged crimes of the king
  • Shay's Rebellion

    Shay's Rebellion
    Daniel Shays and his followers rebel against the collection of debts, but the rebellion is borken up by troops
  • The Great Compromise is Accepted

    A compromise among a divided convention concerning the legislature and representation of the states
  • The U.S. Constitution is Adopted

    U.S. Constitution The Constitution answers questions involving sovereignty and limiting power
  • George Washinton Becomes First President

    George Washinton Becomes First President
    Washington is the obvious choice to be the Nation's first president and is inaugurated on this day
  • The Bill of Rights is Made Final

    Bill of RightsThere is much debate about whether to even have a bill of rights, but ten ammendments are evetually ratified by the states
  • The Whiskey Rebelion

    The Whiskey Rebelion
    A refusual by Western Pennsylvania farmers to pay the new whiskey excise tax which led to an ultimately unsuccessful rebellion
  • The Marbury v. Madison Case Takes Place

    Marbury takes Madison to the Supreme Court to hand over his commission, but the Court decides against making him do so
  • The Louisiana Purchase

    Jefferson purchases Louisiana so that American trade access to the port of New Orleans will not be blocked
  • The War of 1812

    A war between the U.S. and Great Britain which resulted in a U.S. victory
  • Announcement of the Monroe Doctrine

    James Monroe announces this policy which declares that the American colonies should not be considered for colonization by European powers
  • The Erie Canal Opens

    The Erie Canal Opens
    The Erie Canal which goes from the Hudson River to Lake Erie opens and heavy traffic quickly follows
  • Nat Turner's Slave Rebellion

    A volient slave resistance in which sixty white southerners are killed while sleeping by Nat Turner and his followers
  • The Trail of Tears

    The Trail of Tears
    A forced trek to Indian Territory out West in which thousands of Indians die
  • The Telegraph is Used

    Morse code is used to send signals along an electrical cable as a major advancement in communication
  • Uncle Tom's Cabin is published

    Uncle Tom's Cabin is published
    A powerful book on abolitionism is published and becomes very popular
  • Bleeding Kansas

    An event in which abolitionist John Brown and followers kill five pro-slavery settlers in Kansas
  • The Dred Scott Decision

    The Supreme Court ruling that Dred Scott would not be granted freedom from slavery, because he is not a citizen and could not bring the case to court
  • John Brown's Raid

    An event in which John Brown and followers seize an arsenal in Harpers Ferry, Virginia in order to start a slave rebellion which is unsuccessful
  • The Civil War Begins

    The First Battle of Bull Run signifies the war's beginning which ends with a Union Victory and the freeing of slaves
  • Lincoln Announces Recontruction Plan

    Plan to offer amnesty to white Southerners
  • Establishment of The Freedmen's Bureau

    An agency which helped protect former slaves by providing food, schooling, and some land