Nieponice and Vorp developed a vaccuum seeding device that seeded muscle-derived stem cells into a tubular polyester urethane urea scaffold. The graft was developed in a week with adequate mechanical strenght, but was not implanted.
Nieponice A, Soletti L, Guan J, Deasy BM, Huard J, Wagner WR, et al. Development of a tissue-engineered vascular graft combining a biodegradable scaffold, muscle-derived stem cells and a rotational vaccuum seeding technique. Biomaterials 2008;29:825-33.