Civil War TimeLine by Ben Jablon

By kjablon
  • Battle of Fort Sumter

    P.G.T. Beauregard fires on Federal fort in Charleston Harbor, the first battle of the American Civil War. The Confederates attacked Fort Sumter and took control. The Union defended the fort with under one hundred men and the Confederates attacked with over five hundred men.
  • First Battle of Bull Run

    The Union army under Brig. Gen. Irvin McDowell marched from Washington against the Confederate army. Confederate forces were driven back but they were too disorganized to pursue. Confederate Gen. Bee and Col. Bartow were killed. The Union army eventually reached Washington. This battle convinced Lincoln that the war would be a long and expensive. Union under McDowell lose to Confederates under J.E. Johnston. The Confederates win.
  • Monitor vs Merrimack

    The Confederate ironclad Virginia came into Hampton Roads where she sank Cumberland and ran Congress aground. The Union ironclad Monitor began the first engagement of ironclads in history. The two ships fought each other to a standstill, but Virginia retired. The Southerners salvaged Merrimack and rebuilt it with thick iron plates. The Union’s warships could not damage the Confederate ship.
  • Battle of Shiloh

    Gen. Albert Sidney Johnston, the commander in the area, was forced to fall back, giving up Kentucky and much of West and Middle Tennessee. He chose Corinth, Mississippi for an offensive against Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant and his Army. The combined Federal forces numbered about 40,000, outnumbering Beauregard’s army of less than 30,000. Beauregard realized that he could not win and, having suffered too many casualties, he retired from the field and headed back to Corinth. Grant’s had beaten them
  • Battle of Fort Jackson/Fort St. Philip

    Flag-Officer David G. Farragut with his West Gulf Blockading Squadron entered the Mississippi River, captured New Orleans and closed off the entrance to Rebel ships., The Confederates had placed obstructions in the river and two ironclads to assist in the defense. Farragut bombarded Fort Jackson but was not victorious. Although the Rebels attempted to stop the Union ships, most of the force continued on to New Orleans where Farragut accepted the city’s surrender. The Union won the battle.
  • Battle of New Orleans

    The Union Naval forces under David Farragut captured New Orleans. The capture of New Orleans meant that the Confederacy could no longer use the river to carry goods.
  • The Second Battle of Bull Run

    Jackson ordered an attack on Pope’s forces. Pope launched a series of assaults against Jackson’s but there were heavy casualties on both sides. The Union was crushed and the army driven back to Bull Run.. The next day, John Pope’s forces attacked the approaching Confederates and started the Second Battle of Bull Run. The battle ended as a Confederate victory.
  • Battle of Corinth

    The Union armies under Maj. Gen. Henry Halleck advanced on the rail center of Corinth. By May, Halleck was in position to lay siege to the town. The Union forces maneuvered for position. May 29-30, Confederate commander Gen. P.G.T. Beauregard evacuated Corinth, withdrawing to Tupelo. The Union army won.
  • Battle of Fredricksburg

    Burnside sent a corps to occupy Falmouth near Fredericksburg. The rest of the army soon followed. Union engineers laid five pontoon bridges across the Rappahannock. Union generals C. Feger Jackson and George Bayard, and Confederate generals Thomas R.R. Cobb and Maxey Gregg were killed. On December 15, Burnside called off the offensive and recrossed the river. The Union army was larger but the Confederates were set up in a stronger position on hills. This caused the Confederates to win the batt
  • Battle of Chancellorsville

    Gen. Lee sent most of his army to intercept the northern army. They met at a town called Chancellorsville. The land was full of trees and bushes and so it was very hard to tell where everybody was. Lee sent General Stonewall Jackson to attack the northern army from the side.. Jackson ran into the right side of the northern army and pushed them back. The Confederate Army won
  • Siege of Port Hudson

    Union Maj. Gen. Nathaniel P. Banks’s army moved against the Confederate stronghold at Port Hudson. Banks renewed his assaults on June 14 but the defenders successfully repelled them.. On July 9, 1863, after hearing of the fall of Vicksburg, the Confederate garrison of Port Hudson surrendered.
  • Battle of Vicksburg

    Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant’s armies converged on Vicksburg and trapped a Confederate army under Lt. Gen. John Pemberton. Vicksburg surrendered after prolonged siege operations.. With the loss of Pemberton’s army, the Confederacy was effectively split in half. The Union Army won. The Union forces won.
  • Battle of Brandy Station

    The Union, under Maj. Gen. Alfred Pleasonton, launched a surprise attack on Stuart’s cavalry at Brandy Station. The Federal cavalry gained strength and confidence. Brandy Station was the largest cavalry battle of the war The battle was indecisive.
  • The Battle of Gettysburg

    Lee loses to Meade, Pickett's Charge fails, ends second invasion of North. Lee had an army of seventy-five thousand soldiers. George Meade was appointed general of the Union forces. The two armies met by accident at Gettysburg. The Union Army won.
  • Battle of Chickamauga

    The Battle of Chickamauga was one of the major clashes of arms between the forces of the North and the South. Bragg defeats Rosecrans, George Thomas of US anointed "The Rock of Chickamauga" The Confederates won.