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Cold War - Courtney Kalinowski

  • The Chinese Civil War

    The Chinese Civil War
    Jiang sent troops to attack the Communists and their supporters. The result was a massacre that would lead to civil war.
  • Period: to

    Middle East

    The Holocaust had forced many Jews to seek safety in Palestine.
  • HUAC

    The House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC) was established to investigate disloyalty in the United States.
  • Differences at Yalta

    Differences at Yalta
    Roosevelt met with Stalin and Churchill at Yalta to work out the future of Germany and Poland. Roosevelt pressed Stalin to declare war on Japan at the meeting. Poland caused the most difficult issue. They provided and invasion route into Russia.
  • Adoption of Charter

    Adoption of Charter
    Delegates from 50 nations met to adopt the statement of principles for the UN. The charter stated that members would try to settle their differences peacefully and would promote justice and cooperation in solving international problems.
  • The Iron Curtain

    The Iron Curtain
    Stalin predicted the ultimate triumph of commnism over capitalism. He had established the Cominform, an agency intended to coordinate the activities of Communist parties around the world. Although Churchill responded a month later. He had called out on Americans to help keep Stalin from enclosing any more nations behind the iron curtain of communist domination and oppression.
  • Containment

    This policy recognized the possibility that Eastern Europe was already lost to communism. It called for the United States to resist Soviet attempts to form Communist governments elsewhere in the world.
  • Rio Pact

    Rio Pact
    The United States signed the Rio Pact, a regional defense alliance with 18 other nations in the Western Hemisphere.
  • The Marshall Plan

    The Marshall Plan
    The Marshall Plan called for nations of Europe to draw up a program for economic recovery from the war.
  • Treaty with Finland

    Treaty with Finland
    Finland signed a treaty with the Soviets requiring Finland to remain neutral in foreign affairs but allowed it to manage its own domestic affairs.
  • OAS

    The Unites States led the way in forming the Organization of American States (OAS) to increase cooperation among the nations of the hemisphere.
  • The Berlin Airlift

    The Berlin Airlift
    The Beriln Airlift was the moving of supplies into West Berlin by American and British planes during the Soviet blockade
  • NATO

    Canada and the United States joined Belgium, Britain, Denmark, France, Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, and Portugual to form the North Atlantic TReaty Organization.
  • McCarthy's Rise to Power

    McCarthy's Rise to Power
    McCarthy took his crusade to the floor of the Senate and engaged in the smear tactics that came to be called McCarthyism.
  • The Korean War

    The Korean War
    The Korean War broke out when North Korean troops streamed across the 38th parallel, determined to reunite Korea by force.
  • Thermonuclear test

    Thermonuclear test
    The first successful thermonclear test occurred in 1952, reestablishing the United States as teh world's leading nuclear power.
  • Leader of Iran

    Leader of Iran
    In 1952, a nationalist leader gained control in Iran. The United States backed groups that overthrew the nationalist government and restored the pro-American Shah of Iran power because they feared he would be neutral or worse, sympathetic to Commnism.
  • The McCarran-Walter Act

    The McCarran-Walter Act
    This law reaffirmed the quota system for each country that had been establisheed in 1924.
  • Deterrence

    Deterrence is the policy of making the military power of the United States and its allies so strong that no enemy would dare attack for fear of retaliation.
  • McCarthy's Fall

    McCarthy's Fall
    The Army-McCarthy hearings began in April of 1954. By the end of his hearings, he remained senator, but had lost all of his strong supporters.
  • Warsaw Pact

    Warsaw Pact
    Created by NATO, it was a military alliance between the Soviet Union and the nations of Eastern Europe.
  • The Suez Crisis

    The Suez Crisis
    When Egypt's ruler, Gamal Abdel Nasser, sought Soviet support, the United States and Great Britain cut off their aid to Egypt. Nasser responded by seizing the British-owned Suez Canal.
  • Cold War in the Skies

    Cold War in the Skies
    The Soviets used one of their rockets to launch Sputnik, the first artificial satellite to orbit Earth. America came to realize that it could carry a hydrogen bomb to American shores.
  • The U-2 Incident

    The U-2 Incident
    This made Americans willing to expend considerable resources to catch up to the Soviet Union.
  • Military-Industrial Complex

    Military-Industrial Complex
    By 1960, they created a powerful military-industrial comoplex that employed 3.5 million Americans.