Cilvil War Battles Timeline!

By bhesson
  • Fort Sumter

    Fort Sumter
    This was at Charleston County. Major Anderson surrendered Fort Sumter, leaving the garrison on the next day. The bombardment of Fort Sumter was the opening engagement of the American Civil War. Although there were no casualties during the bombardment, one Union artillerist was killed and three were wounded when a cannon exploded prematurely while firing a salute during the evacuation on April 14.
  • Blockade of Galveston Island

    Blockade of Galveston Island
  • First battle of bull run

    First battle  of bull run
    This was the first major land battle of the armies in Virginia. On July 16, 1861, the untried Union army under Brig. Gen. Irvin McDowell marched from Washington against the Confederate army, which was drawn up behind Bull Run beyond Centreville. On the 21st, McDowell crossed at Sudley Ford and attacked the Confederate left flank on Matthews Hill. Fighting raged throughout the day as Confederate forces were driven back to Henry Hill. Confederate Gen. Bee and Col. Bartow were killed.
  • Battle of Antietam

    Battle of Antietam
    On September 16, Maj. George McClellan confronted Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia at Sharpsburg, Maryland. At dawn September 17, Hooker’s corps mounted a powerful assault on Lee’s left flank that began the single bloodiest day in American military history. Attacks and counterattacks swept across Miller’s cornfield and fighting swirled around the Dunker Church. Union assaults against the Sunken Road eventually pierced the Confederate center, but the Federal advantage was not followed up.
  • Battle of Gloreta Pass

    Battle of Gloreta Pass
    Glorieta Pass was a strategic location, situated at the southern tip of the Sangre de Cristo Mountains, southeast of Santa Fe, and on the Santa Fe Trail. In March 1862, a Confederate force of 200-300 Texans under the command of Maj. Charles L. Pyron encamped at Johnson’s Ranch, at one end of the pass. Union Maj. John M. Chivington led more than 400 soldiers to the Pass and on the morning of March 26 moved out to attack.
  • Battle of Shiloh

    Battle of Shiloh
    As a result of the fall of Forts Henry, Confederate Albert Sidney Johnston, the commander in the area, was forced to fall back, giving up Kentucky and much of West and Middle Tennessee. He chose Corinth, Mississippi, as the staging area for an offensive against Maj. Ulysses S. Grant and his Army of the Tennessee before the Army of the Ohio, under Maj. Gen. Don Carlos Buell, could join it. The Confederate retrenchment was a surprise.
  • Second battle of Bull Run

    Second battle of Bull Run
  • Battle of Freancksburg

    Battle of Freancksburg
  • Battle of Galveston Island

    Battle of Galveston Island
  • Seige of Vicksburg

    Seige of Vicksburg
    In May and June of 1863, Maj. Ulysses S. Grant’s armies converged on Vicksburg, investing the city and entrapping a Confederate army under Lt. John Pemberton. On July 4, Vicksburg surrendered after prolonged siege operations. ith the loss of Pemberton’s army, the Confederacy was split in half. Grant's successes boosted his reputation, leading to his appointment as General-in-Chief of the Union armies.
  • Battle of Gettysburg

    Battle of Gettysburg
    en. Robert E. Lee concentrated his full strength against Maj. Gen. George G. Meade’s Army of the Potomac at the crossroads county seat of Gettysburg. On July 1, Confederate forces converged on the town from west and north, driving Union defenders back through the streets to Cemetery Hill. During the night, reinforcements arrived for both sides. On July 2, Lee attempted to envelop the Federals, first striking the Union left flank at the Peach Orchard, Wheatfield, Devil’s Den,
  • Battle of Sabine Pass

    Battle of Sabine Pass
    On September 23, 1862, the Union Steamer Kensington, Schooner Rachel Seaman, and Mortar Schooner Henry James appeared off the bar at Sabine Pass. The next morning, the two schooners crossed the bar, took position, and began firing on the Confederate shore battery. The shots from both land and shore fell far short of the targets
  • Siege of Atlanta

    Siege of Atlanta
    Following the Battle of Peachtree Creek, Hood determined to attack Maj. Gen. James B. McPherson’s Army of the Tennessee. He withdrew his main army at night from Atlanta’ s outer line to the inner line, enticing Sherman to follow. In the meantime, he sent William J. Hardee with his corps on a fifteen-mile march to hit the unprotected Union left and rear, east of the city.
  • Surrender at Appomattox Courthouse

    Surrender at Appomattox Courthouse
    On April 9, the remnants of John Broun Gordon’s corps and Fitzhugh Lee’s cavalry formed line of battle at Appomattox Court House. At dawn the Confederates advanced, Finally gaining ground against Sheridan’s cavalry. his arrival of Union infantry, however, stopped the advance in its tracks. Lee surrendered to Grant on April 9. This was the final engagement of the war in Virginia.
  • Battle of Palmito Ranch

    Battle of Palmito Ranch
    Since March 1865, a gentleman’s agreement precluded fighting between Union and Confederate forces on the Rio Grande. In spite of this agreement, Col. Theodore H. Barrett, commanding forces at Brazos Santiago, Texas, dispatched an expedition, composed of 250 men of the 62nd U.S. Colored Infantry Regiment and 50 men of the 2nd Texas Cavalry Regiment under the command of Lt. Col. David Branson, to the mainland, on May 11, 1865, to attack reported Rebel outposts and camps.