YEARS 1800 - 1900


    The Lewis and Clark expedition was only the 3rd recorded transcontinental crossing of North America, having been preceded to the Pacific coast (on July 20, 1793) by a Canadian expedition led by explorer Sir Alexander Mackenzie. Mackenzie had previously crossed North America in 1789 as well, but had turned north at the Continental Divide, also becoming the first European to reach the western Arctic Ocean. In 1536, Cabeza de Vaca and 4 others of the Narváez expedition reached the Pacific Ocean

    The Louisiana Purchase has been described as the "greatest real estate deal in history." In 1803, The United States government purchased the Louisiana Territory from Napoleon I of France for 60 million Francs, or, about $15,000,000. $11,250,000 was paid directly and the remainder was covered by French debt to U.S. citizens.

    Jefferson issues a proclamation declaring that "sundry persons, citizens of the U.S. or resident within the same, are conspiring & confederating...against the dominions of Spain" and requiring that all military and civil officials of all states and territories of the United States prevent "the carrying on such expedition or enterprise by all lawful means within their power."
  • WAR OF 1812

    During this decade the War of 1812 was fought (once again we were at war with England) | Indians in America's west were warring for their own land | In 1811 Congress ordered a survey to establish accurate distances between towns | Postal rates were established

    In 1819, as Missouri began drafting a state constitution in preparation for statehood, New York congressman James Tallmadge introduced two antislavery amendments to the bill which allowed for the creation of Missouri as a state. Despite the fact that Tallmadge's bills were not passed, the issue involving slavery threatened to explode.
  • Monroe Doctrine

    James Monroe (April 28, 1758 – July 4, 1831) was the fifth President of the United States (1817–1825). His administration was marked by the acquisition of Florida (1819); the Missouri Compromise (1820), in which Missouri was declared a slave state; the admission of Maine in 1820 as a free state; and the profession of the Monroe Doctrine (1823), declaring U.S. opposition to European interference in the Americas, as well as breaking all ties with France remaining from the War of 1812.

    In January 1848, James Wilson Marshall discovered gold while constructing a saw mill along the American River northeast of present-day Sacramento. The discovery was reported in the San Francisco newspapers in March but caused little stir as most did not believe the account.
  • Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo 1848

    Karl Marx publishes Communist Manifesto
    Oregon organized as territory
  • Virginia Secedes

    In their public GROUP, delegates to Virginia’s secession convention justified their vote to secede in April, 1861 because the Lincoln Administration in Washington with its attempt to re-supply Fort Sumter and its subsequent call-up of troops was subverting constitutional authority and states’ rights and practicing tyranny. In reality, secession was a mechanism to address fears they had regarding the future of slavery. John Brown’s raid, the election of a Republican president committed to rest