History of Fermentation

  • Theodor Schwann

    Theodor Schwann, a German scientist, concluded that fermentation is the result of living things.
  • Louis Pasteur

    French chemist Louis Pasteur determined that fermentation is caused by yeast.
  • Eduard Buchner

    Eduard Buchner, a German chemist received the Nobel prize for showing that enzymes in yeast cells, not the teast cells themselves, cause fermentation.
  • Arthur Harden and Hans Euler-Chelpin

    Arthur Harden and Hans Euler-Chelpin, two scientists, determined exactly how enzymes cause fermentation and they won the Nobel prize for their work.
  • Antiiotics

    By the 1940's, technology was developed to use fermentation to produce antibiotics.