Historical Nurses Across the Years

Timeline created by mmajor
In History
  • Dorothea Dix

    Dorothea Dix
    Created the first generatinon of American mental asylums and is responsible for the human treatment of the mentally ill today. She also served as Superintendent of Army Nurses during the Civil War.
  • Mary Ann Bickerdyke

    Mary Ann Bickerdyke
    She was a nurse and health care provider in the civil war and was responsible for more than three hundred feild hospitals to assist sick and wounded soldiers.
  • Clara Barton

    Clara Barton
    She worked behind the lines helping wounded soldiers during The Civil War,assissted in the publication of "tthe Atwater List",and is responsible for the American Red Cross and its expansion to not only serve in was crisis but also natural disasters and other world crisises.
  • Linda Richards

    Linda Richards
    First professionally trained American nurse who established nursing training programs in the United States and Japan, and created the first system for keeping individual medical records for hospitalized patients
  • Mary Eliza Mahoney

    Mary Eliza Mahoney
    She was the first African American nurse in the United States and was one of the three to graduate from the New England Hospital for Women and Children Training School for Nurses's rigorous 16 month program. She is also responsible for the Mary Mahoney Award that is given still today by theAmerican Nurses Association for recognition in interracial relationships.
  • Margaret Sanger

    Margaret Sanger
    Founder of Planned Parenthood and an American Birth control activist, she completely revolutionized the legality and use of contraceptives in the United States.
  • Lavinia Dock

    Lavinia Dock
    She wrote one of the first nursing textbooks (Materia Medica for Nurses). In addition to serving as foreign editor of the American Journal of Nursing, she wrote Hygiene and Morality, co-authored with Adelaide Nutting the first two volumes of the four-volume History of Nursing and completed volumes III and IV single handedly.
  • Lillian Wald

    Lillian Wald
    She was a very influential nurse, social worker, public health official, teacher, author, editor, publisher, women's rights activist, and also the founder of American community nursing. She is also one of the founders of the NAACP.
  • Isabel Hampton Robb

    Isabel Hampton Robb
    American Nurses Association's first president and was the most influential person in te movement of the nursing profession at a national level.
  • Mary Adelaide Nutting

    Mary Adelaide Nutting
    She was the first to develop a sound, carefully planned six-month preliminary program for nursing students. Her concern was for what and how students were being taught and began to establish nursing as a profession.
  • Annie Goodrich

    Annie Goodrich
    Originator of the plan for the Army school of nursing that began in 1918. First female Dean of the Yale school of Nursing in 1923. First President of the Association of Collegiate Schools of Nursing in 1932.
  • Ida V. Moffett

    Ida V. Moffett
    first woman involved in achieving school accreditation, in forming university level degree programs for nursing, in closing substandard nursing schools, in organizing hospital peer groups, in licensing practical nursing, and in starting junior college level degree programs for nurses.
  • Mary Breckinridge

    Mary Breckinridge
    She founded the Frontier Nursing service for rural, underprivlaged populations and the education of nurse- midwives.
  • Virginia A. Henderson

    Virginia A. Henderson
    She stablished humane care for patients, raised important issues in health care, wrote one of the most accurate definitions of nursing, and promoted nursing research as the basis for nursing knowlege. She was also the recipient of the International Nursing Counsil's most prestigious award, the Christianne Reimann Prize.
  • Lillian Holland Harvey

    Lillian Holland Harvey
    She initiated the first baccalaureate program in the state of Alabama and was among the first to be inducted into the Alabama Nursing Hall of Fame.
  • Hildegard Peplau

    Hildegard Peplau
    Revolutionized the Nurse/Patient realtionship in forming her six nursing roles for clinical nursing.She also developed 4 developmental stages for the nurse/Patient relationship. Her goal was to put the patient in the best condition for nature to act upon them, primarily by altering the environment.
  • Dorothea Orem

    Dorothea Orem
    Published her Self-Care Theory composed of three types of patient needs, her Self-Care Deficit Theory composed of five methods of patient assisstance, and her Nursing Systems that is composed of three systems that describe a nurses responsibility to the patient, the nurse/patient relationship, and how to best help the patient.
  • Madeleine Leininger

    Madeleine Leininger
    She developed a Culture Care Diversity and Universality Theory thats over all purpose is to understand that culturally congruent care is essential for clients in order to ensure well being or to gain and remain healthy,
  • Jean Watson

    Jean Watson
    Defined nursing by ten carative factors that focus on the spiritual subjective aspects of a patient/nurse and the "caring moment" relating to the time when the nurse and patient first come together.
  • Martha Rogers

    Martha Rogers
    She developed the Science of Unitary Human Beings that states that nursing is and art and science that is humanistic and humanitarian, directed toward the unitary human, and concerned with the nature and direction of human development.