20th Century History

  • The assasination of Austria's archduke Franz Ferdinand

    The assasination of Austria's archduke Franz Ferdinand
    On June 28th 1915 Franz Ferdinand and his wife, Sophie
    Duchess of Hohenberg, were shot dead in 4 by Gavrilo Princip, Serbian Nationalist , one of a group of six Bosnian Serb assassins coordinated by Danilo Ilić when they were visiting the city of Sarajevo in the Austro-Hungarian province of Bosnia-Herzegovina.
  • Austria declares war on Serbia and Russia.

    Austria declares war on Serbia and Russia.
    Franz Ferdinand's father Emperor Franz Joseph of Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia and Russia, causing the peace between europes countries to begin to collapse.
  • Britain/Canadas Role

    Britain/Canadas Role
    With the knowledge of the deteriorating situation in Europe, Britain declares war, and Canada immdietaly becomes an ally,offering troops for overseas service, an offer which Britain later on accepted. The first Canadian soldiers landed in France in 1915 to fight alongside Britain.
  • The Battle of the Marne

    The Battle of the Marne
    The Battle of the Marne a.k.a the Miracle of the Marne was a First World War battle fought between 5 and 12 September 1914. It resulted in an Allied victory against the German Army under Chief of Staff Helmuth von Moltke the Younger.
  • First German Air Raid on England

    First German Air Raid on England
    The Zeppelin a motor-driven rigid airship, developed in 1914 could reach a maximum speed of 136 kph and had five machine-guns and could carry 4,400 lbs of bombs.On January 19th,1915 Germany employed three zeppelins, in a two-day bombing mission against Britain.
  • Battle of Jutland

    Battle of Jutland
    The Battle of Jutland was a naval battle between the British Royal Navy's Grand Fleet and the Imperial German Navy's High Seas Fleet in the North Sea near Jutland, Denmark,and was the largest naval battle of World War I. Both sides claimed victory.
  • The Turning Point

    The Turning Point
    Russia had dropped out of the war due to the signing of the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk. Germany now only faced war on the western front. Things now looked good for Germany, however when theyye power got out of hand rand due to unrestricted submarine warfare, and on the 2nd of April America declared war, and ultimately led to Germany's defeat in 1918.
  • Canada conquers Vimy Ridge.

    Canada conquers Vimy Ridge.
    Canadian troops succeed in taking control of Vimy Ridge, a very strong German position in France with a high slope and a system of trenches and tunnels heavily protected by barbed wire and German artillery that no one had been able to conquer for two years.
  • The Battle of Passchendaele

    The Battle of Passchendaele
    The Battle of Passchendaele, or Third Battle of Ypres was one of the biggest most defining battles of World War I. The battle consisted of a series of operations starting in June 1917 and petering out in November 1917 in which Entente troops under British command attacked the Imperial German Army.The battle was fought for control of the village of Passchendaele.
  • The Second Battle of the Marne

    The Second Battle of the Marne
    Second Battle of the Marne
    The Second Battle of the Marne, also know as the Battle of Reims,was the last major German offensive on the Western Front. It failed when an Allied counterattack led by French forces overwhelmed the Germans.
  • The End of the War

    The End of the War
    World War 1 ended when the Allied powers signed a ceasefire agreement with Germany at Rethondes, France, at 11:00 a.m. on November 11, 1918, bringing the war to an end.
  • The Release of The Prisoners

    The Release of The Prisoners
    Germany releases all Allied prisoners of war on January 14th 1919,there were believed to be 140,000 British prisoners of war in Germany.
  • The Treaty of Versailles

    The Treaty of Versailles
    The Treaty of Versailles was one of the peace treaties at the end of World War 1,It ended the state of war between Germany and the Allied Powers. It was signed on 28 June 1919, exactly five years after the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand and Sophie ,Duchess of Hohenberg, were shot dead in Sarajevo, by Gavrilo Princip.The other Central Powers on the German side of World War I were dealt with in other treaties.
  • The End of the Treaty.

    The End of the Treaty.
    The Paris Peace Conference ends.
  • America and the Treaty

    America and the Treaty
    The United States Senate fails to approve the Treaty of Versailles and U.S. involvement in the League of Nations. the main reason the U.S. did not agree to the Treaty of Versaille was not that they thought it was too harsh, it was that the League of Nations had become part of the treaty. The U.S. did not want its foreign policy decided by another body, so they rejected the treaty.
  • The Treaty of Berlin.

    The Treaty of Berlin.
    The Treaty of Berlin is signed by Germany and the Soviet Union, which declares neutrality if either country is attacked within the next five years.
  • The Kellog-Briand Pact.

    The Kellog-Briand Pact.
    On the 24th of July,1928 the Kellog-Briand Pact was a international agreement in which signatory states promised not to use war to resolve "disputes or conflicts of whatever nature or of whatever origin they may be, which may arise among them".
  • The Great Depression.

    The Great Depression.
    The Great Depression begins after the Stock Market Crash.
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    Italy Invades and Conquers Ethiopia

    In October, 1935, a brief colonial war called The Second Italo–Abyssinian War began. The war was fought between the armed forces of Italy and the armed forces of the Ethiopian Empire. The Second Italo-Abyssinian War ended on May 7th in 1936.
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    The Spanish Civil War.

    The Spanish Civil War began on the 8th of July in 1936, when nationalist forces led by Francisco Franco rose against the current republican government. Hitler and Mussolini supported the fascist Nationalist forces in their civil war against the Soviet-supported Spanish Republic. Both sides used the conflict to test new weapons.The Spanish Civil War ended with nationalist troops winning. Spain became a fascist state with Franco as the head of the new government.
  • Japan invades China

    Japan invades China
    In July 1937, Japan began a full invasion of China,succesfully capturing Beijing after the bombing of the Marco Polo Bridge .The Soviets quickly signed a pact with China so that Japan would not go on to invade Siberia, ending China's prior agreement with Germany.
  • The Maginot Line

    The Maginot Line
    The French established the fortification named the Maginot Line in-between Germany and France as a strategic military move, believing it would prevent any further invasions from the east,especially Germany.
  • World War 2 Begins

    World War 2 Begins
    The German Invasion of Poland strikes the beginning of the Second World War.
  • The War Continues and Expands.

    The War Continues and Expands.
    Two days after the "official" start of the ww2, The Prime Minister of Britain, Neville Chamberlain, declares war on Germany. Along with France, Australia and New Zealand.
  • New British Prime Minister

    New British Prime Minister
    On May 10th Winston Churchill becomes the new British Prime Minister, replacing Neville Chamberlain.
  • D-Day

    D-Day
    On the day known as "D-Day", June 6th British and U.S. troops successfully land on the Normandy beaches of France, opening a “Second Front” against the Germans.
  • Hitler Commits Suicide.

    Hitler Commits Suicide.
    Two days after the death of Benito Mussolini, Hitler committed suicide by gunshot,in Berlin, along with his wife Eva. He was later on succeeded by Grand Admiral Karl Dönitz.
  • WW2 Ends in Europe

    WW2 Ends in Europe
    Known as V-E Day, on the 8th of May.Winston Churchill announced the victory of Europe. The World War II Allies formally accepted the unconditional surrender of the armed forces of Nazi Germany and the end of Adolf Hitler's Third Reich. In the streets of Britain people wave flags, singing and dancing celebrating the war officially ending in Europe
  • Hiroshima Bombing.

    Hiroshima Bombing.
    The first atomic bomb is dropped by The United States on Hiroshima killing 78,000 citizens.
  • World War 2 Ends

    World War 2 Ends
    On August 14, 1945, at 4 p.m. Pacific Time, President Harry Truman announced on national radio, "I have received this afternoon a message from the Japanese government of the unconditional surrender of Japan."