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20th Century EOCT US history

  • Eleanor Roosevelt

    Eleanor Roosevelt
    Born in New York City on October 11, 1884, Eleanor Roosevelt—the niece of Theodore Roosevelt—was one of the most outspoken women in the White House. She married Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1905. During her husband's presidency, Eleanor gave press conferences and wrote a newspaper column. After his death, she served at the Unite Nations, focusing on human rights and women's issues.
  • Spanish-American War

    Spanish-American War
    The Us declared war on spain after the sinking of the battleship maine. Battle ended with the treaty of paris.
  • Yellow stone

    Yellow stone
    Theodore Roosevelt fought for the saftey of the national parks. He tried to preserve the scenery of many parks including yellow stone.
  • The Roosevelt Corollary to the monroe doctrine.

    The Roosevelt Corollary to the monroe doctrine.
    The Roosevelt Corollary allowed the US to use military force on european countries if they enter latin american countries.
  • The creation of the Panama Canal

    The creation of the Panama Canal
    -US made the Panam canal to allow easier trade
    -Took over what the french had done and finished the project.
  • World War I

    World War I
    -Started after Archduke Ferdinand was assassinated by a serbian nationalist
    -Most of Europe was involved
    -Ended around November 1918
  • U.S. Neutrality

    U.S. Neutrality
    -World War I started and Woodrow Wilson declared Neutrality
    -This stayed until the Germans sunk a US passenger boat
    -US then entered the war
  • Unrestricted Submarine Warfare

    Unrestricted Submarine Warfare
    -Used by germans in WWI
    -They said that they will fire at othercountries ships without warning if the enter their waters.
    -Led to the sinking of the Lusitania
  • The Great Migration

    The Great Migration
    -Was the migration of many African Americans from the south to the north, west, and the midwest.
    -Lasted from 1916-1970
    -Did it for the Economic opportunities
  • The Espionage Act

    The Espionage Act
    -Very Controversial
    -Made espionage laws alot worse
    -Made Penalties worse and fines bigger
  • Eugene Debs

    Eugene Debs
    He was convicted in the espionage act for shooting on America's involvment in WW1. He was also a well known socialist.
  • Wilsons Fourteen Ppoints

    Wilsons Fourteen Ppoints
    Statement by president Woodrow Wilson that was used to try and make peace in postwar Europe. Many were skeptical about his points.
  • Eighteenth Ammendment, Establishing Prohibition

    Eighteenth Ammendment, Establishing Prohibition
    The Eighteenth Ammendment established the prohibition of all alcoholic beverages in the United States. The transportation and sales of alcohol was deemed illegal. The ratification of the ammendment took place on January 16, 1919, but it did not take effect until January 17, 1920.
  • League of Nations

    League of Nations
    The League of Nations was as an intergovermental organization which was founded after the Paris Peace Conference after the end of Worl War 1. Its mission was to maintain world peace. labour conditions, just treatment of native inhabitants, human and drug trafficking, arms trade, global health, prisoners of war, and protection of minorities in Europe were among their concerns. During 1934 and 1935 their membership was the highest.
  • Tin Pan Alley

    Tin Pan Alley
    Tin pan alley is the name given to American, New York City music publishers and songwriters who dominated during the cultural revolutions of the 1920's.The name originally referred to a specific place: West 28th Street between Fifth and Sixth Avenue in Manhattan.
  • Nineteenth Amendment, Establishing Woman Suffrage

    Nineteenth Amendment, Establishing Woman Suffrage
    The nineteenth amendment prohibits any US citizen from being denied the right to vote based on their sex. Susan B Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton first introduced the amendment in 1878, but in was not ratified until 1920.
  • Red Scare

    Red Scare
    The Red Scare promotes the fear of the rise of communism. There were two periods of the red scare: Once in 1919-1921 and once in 1947-1957. The first red scare was about the workers' revolutions and social aspects while the second one was about the fear of communism.
  • Louis Armstrong and the origins of jazz

    Louis Armstrong and the origins of jazz
    Louis Armstrong was a popular trumpeter and singer from Nerw Orleans, Louisiana. His playing became very popular in the 1920's. He was the influential foundation of jazz music, focusing much of his playing on solos other than other styles of musical choice.
  • Langston Hughes

    Langston Hughes
    Langston Hughes was a name well known in the new art form of jazz-style poetry, but he is also well known for his role in the Harlem Renaissance. During this time he led the Renaissance and was a social and political activist. He was also instilled with a lot of racial pride.
  • Harlem Renaissance

    Harlem Renaissance
    The Harlem Renaissance was a cultural movement that spread from Harlem which was also known as the "New Negro" movement. The Harlem Renaissance is unofficially recognized to have spanned from about 1919 until the early or mid-1930s. Many of its ideas lived on much longer.
  • Huey Long

    Huey Long
    Huey Long was a radically outspoken Louisiana Senator who forcefully pushed through populist reforms during the Great Depression. He created the Share Our Wealth program with the motto "Every Man a King," earning him the nickname The Kingfish. A leftist politician always fighting the rich, his proposals expanded his home state's infrastructure, but many critics simply paint him as a demagogue.
  • Henry Ford, mass production, and the automobile

    Henry Ford, mass production, and the automobile
    Henry Ford Created The Model A, introduced in December 1927 and produced through 1931, with a total output of more than 4 million. Subsequently, the Ford company adopted an annual model change system similar to that recently pioneered by its competitor General Motors (and still in use by automakers today). Not until the 1930s did Ford overcome his objection to finance companies, and the Ford-owned Universal Credit Corporation became a major car-financing operation.[19]
  • Stock market crash of 1929

    -Worst finacial panic world has ever seen
    -Start of the Great Depression
    -Lasted 10 years
  • Dust Bowl

    Dust Bowl
    -Mid-west devestated by drought during the 1930's
    -Drove 60% of the population out of the region
    -Killed plants and Cattle
    -Many moved to cities
  • Hoovervilles

    -Slum like areas where poor people moved to have a home
    -Shack like houses
    -Called hoovervilles because people blamed president hoover for the slide to the great depression.
  • Court packing bill.

    Court packing bill.
    In February 1937 President Franklin D. Roosevelt sent to Congress a bill to change the composition of the federal judiciary. This “court‐packing bill,” as it was promptly dubbed, was FDR's attempt to expand the membership of the Supreme Court so that he could nominate justices who would uphold the constitutionality of New Deal legislation. The court‐packing struggle constitutes a critical episode in Roosevelt's presidency and one of the bitterest clashes between the judiciary and the executive i
  • New Deal

    New Deal
    -Franklin Roosevelt invented it
    -Gave Americsans jobs and ended the depression
  • Tenessee Valley Authority

    Tenessee Valley Authority
    -Nation's largest public power company
    -Provides power for over 80,000 square miles
  • the Neutrality Act

    the neutrality acts were passed by the us congress in the 1930s as a response to the increasing turmoil in Europe and Asia leading up to WWII. the acts were passed in an effort to keep the US out of foreign conflicts, but they were later repealed following Pearl Harbor.
  • Wagner Act

    Wagner Act
    -Made it legal to strike and start a Union
    -legislated a legal framework for the relations between employer and employee
  • Social Security Act

    -The Social Security Act of 1935 set the taxable maximum at $3,000
    -Old age benefits for workers
    -Benefirts for people involved in industrial accidents
    -Unemployemnt insurance
    -Aid for people in need
  • The Role of Women in War Industries

    The Role of Women in War Industries
    During the World War II, millions of women took over the working area after all the men had left to fight overseas. Women leared to work in all different aspects of the wartime industry. This involvment of women in the war effort was known as "Rosie the Riveter." These women showed that women could also compete in the industrial workforce.
  • Rationing

    In summer 1941 the British appealed to Americans to conserve food to provide more to go to Britons fighting in World War II. The Office of Price Administration warned Americans of potential gasoline, steel, aluminum, and electricity shortages.It believed that with factories converting to military production and consuming many critical supplies, rationing would become necessary if the country entered the war.
  • lend-lease program

    lend-lease program
    was the law that started a program under which the United States of America supplied the United Kingdom, the USSR, Republic of China, Free France, and other Allied nations with materiel between 1941 and 1945. It was signed into law a year and a half after the outbreak of World War II
  • Philip Randolph

    Philip Randolph
    was a leader in the African-American civil-rights movement, the American labor movement and socialist political parties.
    He organized and led the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters, the first predominantly Black labor union. In the early civil-rights movement, Randolph led the March on Washington Movement, which convinced President Franklin D. Roosevelt to issue Executive Order 8802 in 1941, banning discrimination in the defense industries during World War II
  • Executive Order 8802

    Executive Order 8802
    was signed by President Franklin D. Roosevelt to prohibit racial discrimination in the national defense industry. It was the first federal action, though not a law, to promote equal opportunity and prohibit employment discrimination in the United States. The President's statement that accompanied the Order cited the war effort, saying that "the democratic way of life within the nation can be defended successfully only with the help and support of all groups,"
  • Pearl HArbor

    Pearl HArbor
    The attack on Pearl Harbor by the Japanese Imperial General Headquarters and the Battle of Pearl Harbor was a surprise military strike conducted by the Imperial Japanese Navy against the United States naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, on the morning of December 7, 1941). From the standpoint of the defenders, the attack commenced at 7:48 a.m. Hawaiian Time. The attack was intended as apreventive action in order to keep the U.S. Pacific Fleet from interfering with Japanese Military in the Pacifi
  • internment of Japanese Americans

    internment of Japanese Americans
    Japanese American internment was the World War II internment in "War Relocation Camps" of about 110,000 people of Japanese heritage who lived on the Pacific coast of the United States. The U.S. government ordered the internment in 1942, shortly after the Imperial Japan's attack on Pearl Harbor.
  • War time conversion

    War time conversion
    By the end of 1943, two-thirds of the American economy was integrated into the war effort. Franklin D. Roosevelt established the War Production Board (WPB) as a government agency on January 16, 1942 by executive order. The purpose of the board was to regulate the production of materials and fuel during World War II in the United States.
  • Manhattan Project at Los Alamos

    Manhattan Project at Los Alamos
    The Manhattan Project was a research and development project that produced the first atomic bombs during World War II.
  • Battle of Midway

    Battle of Midway
    was the most important naval battle of the Pacific Campaign of World War II.Between 4 and 7 June 1942, only six months after Japan's attack on Pearl Harbor the United States Navy decisively defeated an Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) attack against Midway Atoll, inflicting irreparable damage on the Japanese fleet.
  • D-Day

    was the landing operations of the Allied invasion of Normandy, in Operation Overlord, during World War II. The landings commenced on Tuesday, 6 June 1944 (D-Day), beginning at 6:30 am British Double Summer Time. In planning, as for most Allied operations, the term D-Day was used for the day of the actual landing, which was dependent on final approval.
  • The Fall of Berlin

    The Fall of Berlin
    designated the Berlin Strategic Offensive Operation by the Soviet Union, was the final major offensive of the European Theatre of World War II. Two Soviet fronts (army groups) attacked Berlin from the east and south, while a third overran German forces positioned north of Berlin. The Battle in Berlin lasted from 20 April until the morning of 2 May.
  • Containment Policy

    Containment Policy
    This was a United States made policy to stop or prevent the spread of communism. This was tried to be done without nuclear war.
  • Communist Regime in China

    Communist Regime in China
    After World War II, Chinese Communists began to gain support. They eventually prevailed and won the authority over China.
  • Baby Boom

    Baby Boom
    Men came back from WW2 and had children. This increased the population and caused the baby boom.
  • Impact of Radio and the Movies

    Impact of Radio and the Movies
    During both World War 2 and the Cold war, movies and the radio were a form of propaganda. This propaganda was used in order to boost morale at home and to keep those who were not on the frontlines in the war informed about current actions. They were a new form of technology at the time, but were still very useful.
  • Irving Berlin

    Irving Berlin
    Irving Berlin was an American composer and lyricsist during much of the easrly 1900s through mid 1900's. Over the years he was known for writing music and lyrics in the American vernacular: uncomplicated, simple and direct, with his aim being to "reach the heart of the average American" whom he saw as the "real soul of the country." He was very patriotic and is also known as the composer for popular hit "Annie Get Your Gun."
  • Senator Joseph McCarthy

    Senator Joseph McCarthy
    This man was a republican senator who was know for having said that communists and soviet spies could be here in the United States. This led to him to be censured by the US Senate.
  • The Truman Doctrine

    The Truman Doctrine
    This was an international relations policy made by the U.S. President Harry Truman. This policy stated that the U.S. would support Greece and Turkey with economic and military aid to prevent them from falling into the hands of the Soviets.
  • Jackie Robinson and the integration of baseball

    Jackie Robinson and the integration of baseball
    Jackie Robinson was the first black man to start on a baseball team. The Brooklynn Dodgers played him at first base on April 15th 1947. Not only was this a pivotal moment in Robinson's baseball career, it also marked a new chapter in American history because it played a key role in ending segregation.
  • Leviitown

    Leviitown was the first planned town after WW2. It was ment to home the military veterns coming home from the devistation of WW2. It is still used to day by veterns.
  • The Marshall Plan

    The Marshall Plan
    The Marshall Plan was the American program made to aid Europe. In this plan, the US was given economic support in order to help rebuild European economies after the World War II. This also prevented the spread of Soviet Communism.
  • Outbreak of the Korean War

    Outbreak of the Korean War
    This was a war between North and South Korea. This was a result of political disagreements in Korea after World War II.
  • Cuban Revolution

    Cuban Revolution
    This was a revolt conducted by Fidel Castro against the regime of the current dictator Fulgencio Batista. After the dictator's fall, Castro's government was put into place.
  • Brown vs Board of Education

    Brown vs Board of Education
    This Supreme Court ruling declared the separation of black and white schools unconstitutional by the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment. This was a major win for the Civil Rights movements.
  • Interstate Highway Act

    Interstate Highway Act
    National Interstate and Defense Highways Act as it was called helped build the nations highways. It replaced old broken down roads with newer and better roads.
  • THe LIttle Rock NIne

    THe LIttle Rock NIne
    The "Little Rock Nine" were the nine black children that showed great talent in the classroom and began the gradual integration of black students to Little Rock Central High School.
  • Sputnik 1

    Sputnik 1
    First man made satilite sent into space. This triggered the space race and played a large part in the Cold War. Made nations able to fire weapons of mass destruction at thier enemies.
  • Warren Court

    Warren Court
    Between 1953 and 1969 the Warren Court is when Earl Warren was Chief Justice and it expanded Civil Right power in many ways.
  • Presidential debates (Kennedy/Nixon)

    Presidential debates (Kennedy/Nixon)
    Kennedy a democrat and Nixon a repuplican ran against each other in the 1960 election. Kenndedy later won the election and became president.
  • The Bay of Pigs

    The Bay of Pigs
    This was an unsuccesfull invasion of Cuba to try and overthrow Fidel Castro's government. A counter-revolutionary army was funded by the US to help, but they were defeated by the Cuban armed forces.
  • The Cuban Missle Crisis

    The Cuban Missle Crisis
    An American plane spotted nuclear missile sites in Cuba. This was immidiately reported to President Kennedy. He then asked Cuban officials why they were there and was found that they were just for precaution in case the US or any other allies were to attack. Being a potential threat to the US, Kennedy promised that Cuba would no be attacked by the US or any of its allies.
  • MLK letter to Birmingham Jail

    MLK letter to Birmingham Jail
    The letter was written by MLK to Birmingham Jail. The letter was written to defend nonviolent racial protest, and it was used as a key letter for the Civil Rights movement.
  • I Have a Dream- MLK

    I Have a Dream- MLK
    This speach was given by King on August 28th, 1963 during the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom to end racism in the United States and it was a huge moment in the Civil Rights Movement.

    The 35th president was assassinated by Lee Harvey Oswald and succeeded by Vice President Lyndon Johnson.
  • Great Soceity

    Great Soceity
    A set of domestic programs intened to apply large social reforms toward povery and racial injustice and also incorporated new spending programs.
  • Barry Goldwater

    Barry Goldwater
    • He was a business man and senator from Arizona
    • He ran for president on behalf of the republicans in the 1964 election
    • He fought against the Soviet Union and labor unions
  • Civil Rights Act of 1964

    Civil Rights Act of 1964
    It's a massive piece of Civil Rights legislation in the United States. It made discrimination of ethnic, racial and religious groups illegal and ended unequal application of voter registration requirements.
  • Voting Rights Act of 1965

    Voting Rights Act of 1965
    A great part of American Legislation that banned discriminatory voting practices which were to blame for disenfranchisement behavior toward Black Americans.
  • Miranda Decision

    Miranda Decision
    Anyone prosecuted is to be informed that they have a right to an attorney before and during questioning.
  • The Tet Offensive

    The Tet Offensive
    Military campaign launched against the south vietnames be the Viet Cong. Later in the war people started to feel that the war was not nessicary for the people.
  • News coverage of the Civil Rights Movement

    News coverage of the Civil Rights Movement
    Men and women line the streets and back the civil rights movement that is being lead by Martin Luther King. They changed the United States for ever.
  • Election of Nixon

    Election of Nixon
    • He won by promising law and order in the nations cities that were being plagued by crime
    • It was the first time in 12 years that a republican had been in office
  • Earth Day

    Earth Day
    • It is a worldwide event held every year to help demonstrate support for the environment
  • Nixon Resigns

    Nixon Resigns
    • It was a result of the Watergate scandal which involved a break-in at the Democratic National Committee headquarters.
    • It was the first and only time that a president has ever resigned from office
  • Epa

    • It is an agency that is tasked with protecting human health and the environment
  • Nixon opens China

    Nixon opens China
    • Nixon visited China and ended 25 years of separation between the two countries
    • It also created a shift in the cold war balance by putting China against the Soviets
  • Roe v. Wade

    Roe v. Wade
    • It was an important decision on abortion that was made by the supreme court
    • It was ruled that a woman has a right to an abortion before a certain time
  • President Gerald Ford

    President Gerald Ford
    • He was the first person to serve as vice president and president without being elected by the electoral college
    • He had the worst economy since the Great Depression and he also ended the Vietnam War
  • The vietnam War

    The vietnam War
    Fought between the communist party and the anti-communist party. Many died in this 20 year struggle
  • Bakke Decision

    Bakke Decision
    • It was a law that was passed to help lessen the discrimination against minorities in medical schools
  • Camp David's Accord

    Camp David's Accord
    • It was an agreement signed by the Egyptian and Israeli president and concerned the Palestine Territories
  • Carter's response to Iranian Revolution

    Carter's response to Iranian Revolution
    • He called the hostages victims of anarchy
  • Reaganomics

    Reaganomics was a policy of "supply-side economics" which was based on lowering taxes to increase production and consumption.This made Reagan very popular with the people and helped him to be elected for his second term.
  • Ronald Reagan's Presidency

    Ronald Reagan's Presidency
    Ronald Reagan is known for his economic reforms ands foreign affairs. Reagan has one of the best reputations as a president. He decreased the unemployment rate and lowered government spendingand his "War on Drugs" is still being fought today. He survived an assassination attempt in his first term and won a second term almost unanimously.
  • Iran-Contra Scandal

    Iran-Contra Scandal
    THe Reagan administration had been trading weapons for hostages in Iran. The US governmrnt gave Iran Hawk and TOW missiles to ensure the release of prisoners that had been captured by the "Revolutionary Guards", which were a part of the iranian military. The Reagan Administration used the money from this sale to help fund the Contras who fought the communist government in Nicaragua. This had been banned by the Congress earlier and caused a massive investigation into the Reagan Administration.
  • The Collapse of the Soviet Union

    The Collapse of the Soviet Union
    The Soviet Union had been on a downward spiral for many years when it dissolved, The slow adoption of democratic techniques was the main reason that the Soviet Union fell. Once the people had a taste of freedom, there was no way they were going back.

    The North American Free Trade Agreement is an agreement between the U.S., Canada, and Mexico. They would openly trade with eachother for whatever they needed. The agreement is stil debated, but NAFTA has seemed to help the North American countries.
  • The Presidential Election and The Electoral College

    The Presidential Election and The Electoral College
  • 9/11 and President Bush's response

  • War on Terrorism: Afghanistan

  • War on Terrorism: Iraq

  • Personal Computer

    Personal Computer
    When the personal computer was invented they did not know that it would change the world. This invention has only got better and better over the years. They keep on getting better and better.
  • Expanded use of air conditioning

    Expanded use of air conditioning
    Air conditioning used to be non ecestent but now almost everyone has air conditioning. AC has gone from nothing to everything in a short period of time.