In 1803 Thomas Jefferson bought all of the land west of the Mississippi river and east of the rocky mts. from a struggling france. Nearly doubled the size of the U.S.
Lowell's first cotton mill
Lowell's textile mill produced clothes cheaper and employed "mill girls."
In 1820 the state of Maine entered the Union as a free state. According to the Missouri compromise, Missouri would subsequently enter as a slave state. The compromise laid the groundwork for the 36th parallel which would divide slave and free states for years to come.
Andrew Jackson Elected
Due to the western states gaining more voting power, Jackson won the popular vote and the electoral vote.
Indian Removal Act
All indians east of the Mississippi River were relocated to the Oklahoma Territory.
Trail of Tears
The route taken by many native tribes on their way to Oklahoma. Thousands died on the icy roads.
In the 1840s the United States went to war with Mexico over their land. The United States backed up their claim by calling on the aforementioned manifest destiny for justification.
Compromise of 1850
California admitted as a free state and Utah and New Mexico enter as slave states.
Uncle Tom's Cabin
A book by Harriet Beacher Stowe that showed the darker side of slavery that shocked the civilian population of the north and supported abolition.
Kansas Nebraska Act
Allowed popular sovereignty in the Kansas and Nebraska territories.
Bessemer process Patented
This process involved making steel by blowing air through molten iron to remove impurities.
Pro-slavery forces invaded the free-soiler town to laurence, kansas.
Dred Scott Decision
: A Supreme Court case that ruled the slave Dred Scott as not free even though his master traveled in free states. The court ruled dred Scott as a slave inspite of his masters travels. It also said that the Missouri compromise was unconstitutional because it limited property rights.
Oil discovered in pennsylvania
Francis drake discovered oil in the mountains outside of Titusville, pennsylvania.
John Brown's Raid
John Brown and his sons raided a federal arsenal attmepting to lead a slave revolt. It failed and Brown was put to death.
This election angered many of the democratic southern states and lead to the secession of 11.
The Civil War
The bloodiest war fought by the United States between the North and the South.
A presidential order freeing all slaves in the south. The south ignored this order and the Border States were not included in the release.
Battle of Gettysburg
A turning point in the war, drove the south out of Pennsylvania and back to their territory.
Sherman's march to the sea
General Tecumseh Sherman lead a marh through georgia to the atlantic ocean. During this campaign Atlanta was burned to the ground.
Surrender at appomattox court house
Robert E. Lee and Ulysses S. grant met at Appomattox and terms were negotiated for the south's surrender.
John Wilkes Booth murdered the president in Ford's theater. He escaped by jumping off the balcony.
During this period the North an South attempted to rebuild the nation. Their were two types of reconstruction, presidential and congressional. Andrew Johnson was impeached during reconstruction.
The thirteenth amendment officially freed the slaves in all american territories.
These were state laws that limited the rights of freedmne by limiting the kinds of jobs blacks could have.
This amendment protected the rights of freedmen by enfrocing state laws on all.
This amendment stated that all men, regardless of race, color, or religion have the liberties of citizenship.
President andrew johnson was impeached but escaped removal by a vote of 36 to 25.
Trans-Continental Railroad Completed
This new railroad opened the door for big business and rapid transportation.
Standard oil formed
This company became a monopoly by buying out smaller and less national companies. Rockefeller was able to do this because of a deal with the railroads.
The period of time in which monoploists got rich and lead lavish lives and poor people were living in tenaments.
Carnegie forms his steel company
Carnegie dominated the steel industry by using the Bessemer process.
First telephone Call
Alexandr graham Bell made a phone call to his assistant Watson because of a spill.
Light Bulb Invented
The new lightbulb allowed businesses and homes to operate into the night. This invention made Edison rich.
Sherman Antitrust Act
This law outlawed th formation of trusts and monopolies, however, it was seldom enforced.