1954-1975 Timeline APUSH by Rickey Fowler (All info taken from AP text "The American Pageant Thirteenth Edition")

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    1954-1975 Timeline APUSH by Rickey Fowler

  • The French give up

    The French give up
    The Vietnamese victory left the french unwilling to carry on the war. Vietnamese forces occupy the French command post at Dien Bien Phu. The French cease fire and soon pull out of Vietnam. French leaving vietnam
  • Brown v. Board of Education

    Brown v. Board of Education
    In possibly the most significant court case of the century, the supreme court ruled unanimously that segregated schools were uncontitutional. This ruling overturned the previous one made in Plessy v. Fergusen. Brown vs Board pic
  • Rosa Parks Bus Incident

    Rosa Parks Bus Incident
    After refusing to give up her seat on a bus to a white man, Rosa Parks was arrested. This incident spurred a full boycott of the buses by African Americans, led by M.L.K. Jr. Her refusal to give up her seat on the bus started a chain of events that changed the bus systems for African Americans. Rosa Parks Pic
  • Interstate highway system

    Interstate highway system
    During Dwight Eisenhower's presidency following the second world war, he began the construction of interstate highways. It was the largest public works project in U.S. history. It created countless jobs and helped the U.S. economy and made travel by automobile more efficient. Highway pic
  • President Dwight Eisenhower

    President Dwight Eisenhower
    He was elected in 1952 promising to end the war in Korea. He fought for integration in the Armed forces as well as in the schools. The celebrated WWII hero was elected to two terms. He left office in January 1961. Dwight Pic
  • Little Rock Desegregation

    Little Rock Desegregation
    In Little Rock, Arkansas, following the Brown vs. Board of Education ruling, 9 black students were to attend a white high school. It was violently opposed, but president Eisenhower sent the 101sr Airborn to protect the children. This was one of his only successes in Civil Rights. Little Rock Nine pic
  • President John F. Kennedy

    President John F. Kennedy
    Kennedy was the youngest man elected President after he defeated Richard Nixon in the 1960 election. He dealt with the cuban missle crisis, avoiding a nuclear war. He also dealt with the failed Bay of Pigs Invasion. However he was assassinated in Texas on November 22, 1963. JFK Pic
  • JKF's economic policy

    JKF's economic policy
    Kennedy's shift on taxes was an essential part of his economis policy. It also reflected Kennedy's dedication to economic growth. In the spring and summer of 1963 Kennedy abandoned most of his proposed tax reforms and settled for a program of $11.1 billion in tax cuts for both individuals and corporations. Money pic
  • Clean Air Act

    Clean Air Act
    This was the first act ever passed to help solve the problems of air pollution. It granted money into the research for cleaning the air of pollution. It reflected the rising fear of pollution related deaths. It was taken a step further with the Clean Air Act of 1970. Clean air act pic
  • Operation Ranchhand

    Operation Ranchhand
    The purpose of Ranchhand was to clear vegetation alongside highways, making it more difficult for the Vietcong to hide and ambush Americans. As the war continued, vast tracts of forest were sprayed with "Agent Orange," an herbicide containing the deadly chemical Dioxin. crop killing Plane pic
  • Medgar Evers Murder

    Medgar Evers Murder
    Medgar Evers, the head of Mississippi NAACP, is shot outside his home. This incident caused many African Americans much distress in following Dr. King's policy of no0nviolence. Medgar Evers pic
  • March on Washington

    March on Washington
    More than 200,000 blacks and whites gathered in front of the Lincoln Memorial to protest racial inequality. Many speeches were given, including MLK Jr.'s "I have a Dream" speech. Washington March pic
  • Birmingham church Bombing

    Birmingham church Bombing
    A bomb exploded in a Baptist Church in Birmingham. Four black girls were killed by the bomb planted in the church.Twenty-three other people were also hurt by the blast. It enraged the Black community. Birmingham pic
  • President Lyndon B. Johnson

    President Lyndon B. Johnson
    In 1963, after Kennedy was assassinated, Johnson was sworn in as President. During his presidnecy he saw the NASA make great strides in its space program. However, he shocked the public when he declared that he would not run for re-election. LBJ Pic
  • JFK Assassination

    JFK Assassination
    While in Texas JFK was assassinated by a sniper. His head was blown off and it caused serious changes in the future secret service. Despite being killed his legacy and ideas lived on as he became a martyr. JFK assassination pic
  • Civil Rights Act

    Civil Rights Act
    Johnson signed the new Civil Rights Act of 1964. The act’s provisions allowed the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission to address race and sex discrimination in employment and created a Community Relations Service to help local communities solve racial disputes. It was a huge step for Civil Rights movements. Signing pic
  • The Gulf of Tonkin Incident

    The Gulf of Tonkin Incident
    In the Gulf of Tonkin a U.S. destroyer engages North Vietnamese commandos. The attack causes the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution to be passed by Congress to resolve the issue. Ship pic
  • Economic Opportunity Act

    Economic Opportunity Act
    Johnson signed the Economic Opportunity Act of 1964. The law created the Office of Economic Opportunity to attack American poverty. A Job Corps was established to provide valuable training. Economic Opportnity Act pic
  • Volunteers in Service to America (VISTA)

    Volunteers in Service to America (VISTA)
    Head Start, a preschool program designed to help disadvantaged students was put into place. The Volunteers in Service to America (VISTA) was set up as a domestic Peace Corps. Schools in impoverished American regions received volunteer teaching attention. Federal funds were sent to struggling communities to attack unemployment and illiteracy. Vista pic
  • Malcolm X assassination

    Malcolm X assassination
    After he split form Elijah Muhammad's Black Muslims he was killed by black opponents. His ideas against integration and peaceful solution with whites remained after his death. Malcolm X pic
  • Voting Rights Act

    Voting Rights Act
    The act outlawed literacy tests to vote. This applied to Indians, Asians, and Mexican-Americans as well. It also authorized the Federal government to take over registration of voters in areas where local officials denied voting rights to non-whites. Itr also removed the requirment of having to speak english to vote. Voting Rights Act pic
  • Tet Offensive

    Tet Offensive
    This was a plan by the North Vietnamese to attack all U.S. camps at the same time. The attack was carried out according to their plan but they lost every single battle to U.S. troops. It was a crushing defeat for the Vietnamese. Tet offensive pic
  • MLK Jr. Assassination

    MLK Jr. Assassination
    Martin Luther King Jr. is shot by James Earl Ray. Riots result in 125 cities. The impact on the black community was massive. MLK Jr. pic
  • RFK Assassination

    RFK Assassination
    After announcing his candidacy for the presidency, JFK's broither was killed in his hotel in Los Angeles, California. His death set the stage for Nixon's victory in the presidential election. RFK assassination pic
  • President Richard M. Nixon

    President Richard M. Nixon
    He won his candidacy after being defaeated by JFK in the 1960 election. He ended the U.S involvment in the Vietnam War. One of the most important events of his first term occurred in 1969, when American astronauts made the first moon landing. Nixon Pic
  • Nixon Economics

    Nixon Economics
    . He announced a wage-and-price freeze, tax cuts, and a temporary closure of the "gold window." To improve the nation's balance of trade, Nixon called for a 10 percent import tax. Public approval was overwhelming during this part of his presidency. Nixon pic
  • Watergate Scandal

    Watergate Scandal
    After a security guard found robbers in the Watergate offices, it escalated into a scandal when suspicions arose about White House involvement. Nixon was quickly suspected. Constant pressure from investigators caused him to resign just before he was impeached. Watergate pic
  • Peace talks and U.S. Withdrawal from Vietnam

    Peace talks and U.S. Withdrawal from Vietnam
    After years of conflict and an overwhelming disapproval by U.S. citizens, the U.S. finally pulled out of Vietnam and negotiated a temporary cease fire. This ultimately led to the fall of Vietnam to communism. U.S. leaving Vietnam pic
  • President Gerald R. Ford

    President Gerald R. Ford
    In the aftermath of the Watergate scandal, this vice president became the first to assume the presidency after the president resigned. He considered himself a moderate and made it his goal to get inflation, but he was defeated in the 1976 election by Carter. Gerald Ford pic
  • Nixon Resigns

    Nixon Resigns
    Richard Nixon became the first U.S. president to resign from the presidency after he was pressured to release recordings of his conversations in the White House. This was due to investigation into his involvement in the Watergate Scandal. He was unable to avoid impeachment, so he left the presidency. Nixon pic