1918 WWI

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    Russian Constituent Assembly

    The Russian Constituent Assembly was a democratically elected constitutional body, which was established in Russia after the October Revolution of 1917.
    It met for 12 hours, from 4 in the afternoon of January 5 to 4 in the morning, it was dissolved on the 19th by the Bolshevik government.
  • Woodrow Wilson's Fourteen Point Proclamation

    Woodrow Wilson's Fourteen Point Proclamation
    The Fourteen Points were a series of proposals made on January 8, 1918 by US President Woodrow Wilson in a speech addressed to the United States Congress, in order to create new morally defensible war objectives for the Triple Entente and that could serve as the basis for peace negotiations with the Central Powers.
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    Operation Faustschlag

    Operation Faustschlag was a Central Powers offensive, the last major operation on the Eastern Front.
  • Peace of Brest-Litovsk

    Peace of Brest-Litovsk
    The Peace of Brest-Litovsk was a peace treaty signed on March 3, 1918 in the Belarusian city of Brest-Litovsk, between the German Empire, Bulgaria, the Austro-Hungarian Empire, the Ottoman Empire, and Soviet Russia. In the treaty, Russia renounced Finland, Poland, Estonia, Livonia, Courland, Lithuania, Ukraine, and Bessarabia, which thereafter came under the domination and economic exploitation of the Central Empires.
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    Kaiserschlacht was the name with which the German Infantry General Erich Ludendorff called what would be the last great offensive of the German army during World War I in honor of Kaiser Wilhelm II. It lasted from March 21 to April 5.
  • First Battle of Dernancour

    The First Battle of Dernancourt was a battle fought on March 28, 1918 near the town of Dernancourt in northern France. This battle involved a force of the German 2nd Army attacking elements of VII Corps, which included British and Australian troops; and resulted in a complete rout of the German assault.
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    Battle of the Avre

    The battle of the Avre is part of the First Battle of Villers-Bretonneux, which was the final German attack on Amiens. During this battle, the Germans reached the closest position to Amiens of the entire offensive. This battle took place, on April 4 and 5, between the attacking German troops and the Australian and British defenses.
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    Fourth Battle of Ypres

    The Fourth Battle of Ypres, fought from April 7 to 29, 1918, and was part of the German Spring Offensive in Flanders.
  • Union of Bessarabia with Romania

    On April 9, 1918, Bessarabia proclaimed the union with the Kingdom of Romania, after the expulsion of the Red Army troops that had temporarily overthrown the previous government. The union was made after the agreement with the Romanian government and with the approval of the Central Powers.
  • Treaty of Bucharest

    Treaty of Bucharest
    The Treaty of Bucharest was a peace treaty that the German Empire forced the Kingdom of Romania to sign on May 7, 1918 after the Romanian campaigns of 1916-17.
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    Battle of Bash Abaran

    The Battle of Bash Abaran was a battle of the Caucasian campaign that took place in the vicinity of Bash Abaran. Ottoman troops attacked on May 21, but after three days of fierce fighting the Armenians of the Armenian Revolutionary Federation held their ground and the Turkish regiments withdrew in defeat.
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    Battle of Sardarapat

    The Battle of Sardarapat was a battle of the Caucasian campaign that took place near Sardarapat from May 21 to May 24. As a consequence of this battle, not only was the Turkish invasion of the rest of Armenia stopped, but the complete destruction of the Armenian nation was also prevented.
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    Battle of Karakai Lisa

    The Battle of Karakai Lisa was a battle in the Caucasian Campaign that took place in the vicinity of Vanadzor. The Armenian defenders managed to push back the Ottoman forces.
  • Democratic Republic of Armenia

    Armenia gains independence from Russia
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    Battle of Skra di Legen

    The Battle of Skra di Legen was a two-day land battle that took place on the Macedonian Balkan front, around the fortified position of Skra di Legen, where Greek troops, supported by a French brigade, gained a victory over the Bulgarian forces.
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    Battle of Belleau Forest

    The Battle of Belleau Forest occurred during the Spring Offensive, near the River Marne in France. The battle was fought between the US 2nd and 3rd Infantry Divisions, against a variety of German units.
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    Battle of the Piave

    The Battle of the Piave took place between June 15 and 23, and was a decisive victory for the Italian army against the Austro-Hungarian Empire.
  • 1918 Soviet Constitution

    1918 Soviet Constitution
    The 1918 Soviet Constitution, which governed the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, described the regime that came to power in the October 1917 Revolution. It was approved on July 10, 1918, at the Fifth All-Russian Congress of Soviets.
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    Second Battle of the Marne

    The Second Battle of the Marne took place from July 15 to August 6, and was the last major German offensive on the Western Front. The attack failed when an Allied counterattack led by French and American forces, equipped with several hundred tanks, disrupted the German right flank, inflicting heavy casualties. The German defeat marked the beginning of the relentless Allied advance, which culminated in the armistice signed with the German Empire some hundred days later.
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    Battle of Soissons

    The Battle of Soissons was a battle that took place from July 18 to 22, 1918, between the French Army and the German armies.
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    Hundred Days Offensive

    The Hundred Days Offensive, from August 8 to November 11, was a series of massive Allied offensives that ended World War I.
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    Battle of Amiens

    The Battle of Amiens began on August 8, 1918, and was the opening phase of the Hundred Days Offensive.
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    Battle of Baku

    The Battle of Baku was a military confrontation between the Islamic Army of the Caucasus and the Azerbaijan Democratic Republic armed formation. As a result of the confrontation British troops and the Central Caspian Dictatorship were forced to withdraw from Baku which became the capital of the Azerbaijan Democratic Republic.
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    Battle of Dobro Polje

    The Battle of Dobro Polje took place on September 14 and 15 in Macedonia. This battle allowed the French and Serbian troops to pierce the Bulgarian lines, reach the Vardar valley at the height of Prilep and Skopje, thus cutting the Bulgarian army in two and forcing Bulgaria to sign the armistice on September 29.
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    Battle of Courtrai

    The Battle of Courtrai was one of a series of offensives in northern France and southern Belgium that took place in October 1918.
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    Vardar Offensive

    The Vardar Offensive was a military operation carried out between September 15 and 29. It took place during the final stage of the fighting on the Balkan front.
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    Third battle of Doiran

    The third battle of Doiran was fought on September 18 and 19, 1918 and consisted of the assault of Greek and British units on the lines of the First Bulgarian Army around Lake Dorian. The combat ended with the victory of the Bulgarian troops, who repelled the enemy onslaught.
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    Meuse-Argonne Offensive

    The Meuse-Argonne Offensive was the final offensive of World War I, being the largest operation and victory of the American Expeditionary Force in that war. The offensive took place north and northwest of the city of Verdun, between September 26 and November 11, 1918.
  • Germany requests an armistice

  • Thessaloniki Armistice

    Thessaloniki Armistice
    The Thessaloniki Armistice was signed on September 29, 1918 at the Bulgarian Armistice Convention in Thessaloniki, between the Kingdom of Bulgaria and the Triple Entente. The armistice ended the effective participation of Bulgaria in WWI on the side of the Central Powers, and regulated the demobilization and disarmament of the Bulgarian armed forces.
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    Serbian Campaign of 1918

    The Serbian Campaign of 1918 was a military operation carried out in the Balkans between September 29 and November 13, 1918, in which the Army of the East liberated Serbia, Albania and Montenegro from the occupation of the Central Powers.
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    Battle of San Quentin Channel

    The Battle of San Quentin Channel began on September 29, 1918, and involved British, Australian, and American forces operating as part of the British Fourth Army.
  • Hungary proclaims its independence

  • Croatia proclaims independence from Hungary

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    Battle of Vittorio Veneto

    The Battle of Vittorio Veneto pitted the armed forces of the Kingdom of Italy against those of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, and meant the final defeat of the Empire. It took place between October 23 and November 2, 1918 in the town of the same name.
  • The Republic of Czechoslovakia is proclaimed

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    November Revolution

    The November Revolution was a popular mobilization in Germany in 1918, which led to the change from the constitutional Monarchy of the German Kaiserreich to a parliamentary and democratic republic.
  • Mudros Armistice

    The Mudros Armistice was an armistice between the Ottoman Empire and the Allies. It was signed in the port of Moúdros on October 30, 1918.
  • Hungary secedes from Austria

  • Kiel Sailor Uprising

    Kiel Sailor Uprising
    The Kiel Sailor Uprising was a rebellion against the Imperial German government, led by sailors from the Kaiserliche Marine who revolted against their Supreme Command, when it planned to launch a last attack against the Royal Navy in the English Channel at the end of October. of 1918.
  • Signing of the Armistice between Austria-Hungary and Italy

  • Proclamation of the Bavarian Soviet Republic

    The Bavarian Soviet Republic was a short-lived unrecognized socialist state that emerged in Bavaria during the November Revolution that brought down all of Germany's monarchs. It took the form of a Soviet republic or workers' councils.
  • Armistice of November 11, 1918

    The Armistice of November 11, 1918 was a treaty signed at Le Francport, near Compiègne, which ended the fighting on land, sea, and in the air in WWI between the Allies and the German Empire. It was signed at 5:45 a.m. and entered into force at 11:00 a.m. Paris time on November 11, 1918, and marked a victory for the Allies and a defeat for Germany.
  • Revocation of the Treaty of Bucharest

  • End of World War I

  • Revocation of the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk

  • The Republic of Hungary is proclaimed